A "riveting and illuminating" Bill Gates Summer Reading pick about how and why some nations recover from trauma and others don't (Yuval Noah Harari), by the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of the landmark bestseller Guns, Germs, and Steel .
In his international bestsellers Guns, Germs and Steel and Collapse, Jared Diamond transformed our understanding of what makes civilizations rise and fall. Now, in his third book in this monumental trilogy, he reveals how successful nations recover from crises while adopting selective changes a coping mechanism more commonly associated with individuals recovering from personal crises.
Diamond compares how six countries have survived recent upheavals ranging from the forced opening of Japan by U.S. Commodore Perry's fleet, to the Soviet Union's attack on Finland, to a murderous coup or countercoup in Chile and Indonesia, to the transformations of Germany and Austria after World War Two. Because Diamond has lived and spoken the language in five of these six countries, he can present gut-wrenching histories experienced firsthand. These nations coped, to varying degrees, through mechanisms such as acknowledgment of responsibility, painfully honest self-appraisal, and learning from models of other nations. Looking to the future, Diamond examines whether the United States, Japan, and the whole world are successfully coping with the grave crises they currently face. Can we learn from lessons of the past?
Adding a psychological dimension to the in-depth history, geography, biology, and anthropology that mark all of Diamond's books, Upheaval reveals factors influencing how both whole nations and individual people can respond to big challenges. The result is a book epic in scope, but also his most personal yet.
|Publisher:||Little, Brown and Company|
|Product dimensions:||5.90(w) x 8.80(h) x 1.50(d)|
About the Author
Jared Diamond, a noted polymath, is Professor of Geography at the University of California, Los Angeles. Among his many awards are the U.S. National Medal of Science, Japan's Cosmos Prize, a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship, a Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction, and election to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. He is the author of the international best-selling books Guns, Germs, and Steel, Collapse, Why Is Sex Fun?, The World until Yesterday, and The Third Chimpanzee, and is the presenter of TV documentary series based on three of those books.
Table of Contents
Prologue: Legacies of Cocoanut Grove 3
What's a Crisis?
Individual and national Cries
What this book is and isn't
Plan of book
Part 1 Individuals
Chapter 1 Personal Crises 27
A personal crisis
Dealing with Crises
Factors related to outcomes
Part 2 Natios: Crises that Unfolded
Chapter 2 Finland's War with the Soviet Union 57
Finland until 1939
The Winter War
The Winter War's end
The Continuation War
Walking a tightrope
Chapter 3 The Origins of Modern Japan 101
My Japanese connections
Japan before 1853
1853 to 1868
The Meiji Era
Chapter 4 A Chile for All Chileans 141
Chile until 1070
The coup and Pinochet
Economics until "No!"
Returning to Chile
Chapter 5 Indonesia, the Rise of a Mew Country 179
In a hotel
The colonial era
Returning to Indonesia
Chapter 6 Rebuilding Germany 217
Germans holding judgment-1968-1968's aftermath
Brandt and re-unification
Leaders and realism
Chapter 7 Australia: Who Are We? 255
First Fleet and Aborigines
Keeping them out
World War One
World War Two
Loosening the ties
The end of White Australia
Part 3 Nations and the World: Crises Underway
Chapter 8 What Lies Ahead for Japan? 293
Old and declining
China and Korea
Natural resources management
9 What Lies Ahead for the United States? Strengths, and the Biggest Problem 325
He U.S. today
Advantages of democracy
Chapter 10 What Lies Ahead for the United States? Three "Other" Problems 357
Inequality and immobility
Investing in the future
Chapter 11 What Lies Ahead for the World? 383
The world today
Alternative energy sources
Other natural resources
Epilogue: Lessons, Questions, an Outlook 423
Are crises necessary?
Roles of leaders in history
Role of specific leaders
Lessons for the future
Illustration Credits 466
Futher Reading 470
About the Author 501
What People are Saying About This
Jared Diamond does it again: another rich, original, and fascinating chapter in the human saga, this one on how societies have extricated themselves from wicked crises—with vital lessons for our difficult times.”
"A new book by Jared Diamond is always a rare and welcome gift. I read them all as part of a single mosaic that, could it ever be fully completed, would finally reveal us to ourselves with haunting insight and clarity, as well as the planet we have the privilege to inhabit. Each book adds more interlocking pieces to that fascinating mosaic. In Upheaval, I find eye-opening lessons about the political and psychological forces that lead to crisis and then resilience, how individuals and nations experience trauma in similar ways, and what that suggests about our future and the world's. Fortunately for us, Diamond's remarkable gift for learning languages has allowed him to live under the surface of various cultures throughout his life, traveling extensively, both mentally and physically, while witnessing many dramatic personal and national upheavals firsthand. His ability to weigh them all with a compassionate heart, a keen eye and an eloquent pen have made him the masterful observer of the human pageant and the important man of conscience that he is. I'm deeply grateful for this wise and beautiful book."
"Upheaval is a brilliant, gripping, personal account of nations in crisis, informed by how people respond to crisis. It’s an especially timely read today, when nations are stressed and have much to learn about how to survive big challenges. I urge you to read it."
“Jared Diamond is one of the deepest thinkers and most authoritative writers of our time—arguably of all time—and Upheaval proves his prescience in analyzing historical crises within nations at a time when national crises have erupted around the world. It is also his most personal work, sharing with readers his own crises, along with his intimate familiarity with many countries that have experienced upheavals, and then drawing out lessons of crisis management for nations today and in the future. No scientist has ever won the Nobel Prize for literature. Jared Diamond should be the first.