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The game of chess between two players from either side of a plate or apron called chessboard consists of sixty-four light and dark squares named the white squares and black squares. Players take turns moving one of their sixteen pieces (or two parts in case of castling), clear the camp white, dark to the black camp. Each player initially has a king, a queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights and eight pawns. The goal is to inflict his opponent checkmate, a situation in which the king of a player is engaged it is not possible to remedy. The game was introduced in southern Europe from the tenth century by the Arabs, but it is unclear exactly where it was invented. It derives from shatranj or chatrang which itself is the Persian version of chaturanga of classical India. The current rules are fixed from the late fifteenth century. The game of chess is one of the most popular puzzle games in the world. It is practiced by millions of people in many forms: family, friends, in public places, club, tournament by correspondence against specialized machines, between computers, between programs on the Internet to amateur levels and professional. Since its introduction in Europe, the game of chess has a prestige and aura that the "game of kings" did gradually become "king of games" or "the noble game" in reference to its tactical dimension and global renown. It has largely inspired culture, especially painting, literature and film.