A Political Ecology of Youth and Crime

A Political Ecology of Youth and Crime


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This book explores young people's 'nested' and 'political' ecological relationships with crime through an empirical investigation of the important 'places' and 'spaces' in young people's lives; in their social relationships with peers and family members; and within formal institutional systems such as education, youth justice and social care.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780230280533
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan UK
Publication date: 10/16/2012
Edition description: 2012
Pages: 203
Product dimensions: 8.60(w) x 5.50(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

DOROTHY BOTTRELL is Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Education and Social Work at the University of Sydney, Australia. She worked in secondary teaching, juvenile justice, youth and community work before taking up an academic post in 2007. Dorothy is Convenor of the University of Sydney Network on Childhood and Youth Research and co-editor of Schools, Communities and Social Inclusion (Palgrave, 2011) and Communities and Change (2008).
DERRICK ARMSTRONG is Professor of Education and is Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) at the University of Sydney, Australia. His research has focussed on issues of social inclusion and exclusion in education and the ways in which disadvantage and 'deviance' are identified and managed by professionals, social agencies and institutions working with children and young people. He is author, co-author and editor of eight books and monographs. His most recent publication is Inclusive Education: International Policy and Practice (2010) with A.C. Armstrong and I. Spandagou.
ALAN FRANCE is Professor of Sociology in the Department of Sociology at the University of Auckland in New Zealand. He has, over the past 20 years, been researching and writing on youth related issues. He set up and established the International Centre for the Study of Childhood and Youth (CSCY) at the University of Sheffield in 2002 and was Director of the Centre for Social Policy Research (CRSP) at Loughborough University (2006 – 2010). He has written extensively on youth policy, risk, citizenship, and youth crime and has a number of publications including Understanding Youth in Late Modernity (2007) and Pathways and Crime Prevention (2007).

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements Introduction Beyond Developmental Criminology Resilience and Social Ecology Research Background Outline of the Book PART I: A THEORY OF THE POLITICAL ECOLOGY OF YOUTH AND CRIME Introduction A Political Ecology of Human Development Power and Political Ecology Human Development and Social Identity Conclusion PART II: THE ECOLOGY OF PLACE AND SPACE Introduction Social Disorganisation in Disadvantaged Neighbourhoods The Normalisation of Crime, Risk and Danger in Place and Spaces The Ecology of 'Protection' in High Crime Areas Social Control and Regulation in High Crime Areas 'Feeling Safe' in Risky and Dangerous Places Place, Space and 'Disrupted' Lives Conclusion PART III: BEING CRIMINAL Introduction Pro-social and Anti-social Childhood 'Ordinary Lives' Being Criminal: 'Things' Happen The 'Situating' and Management of Boredom 'Being a kid' and Social Ecology 'In the system' Assessment in Youth Justice Early Interventions for those 'at risk' Conclusion PART IV: THE ECOLOGY AND CULTURE OF PEER GROUPS Introduction Peer Groups as 'Delinquency Training' Peer Groups and Friendships Friends, 'Others' and the Contexts of Peer Relations Hanging Out, Going Out and 'Chilling Out' Peer Back-up on the Streets Peers, Conflict and Empowerment in School Changing Peer Groups Conclusion PART V: EDUCATION AND CRIME Introduction Accounts of Low Achievement and Low Commitment Permanent Exclusion from Mainstream Schools Acquiring Special Educational Needs Young People's Views on PRU's and Special Schools Alternative Provision and Pathways Conclusion PART VI: THE ECOLOGY OF FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Introduction Family Risk Factors in Developmental Criminology Young People and Families: Routines and Relationships Home Rules Family Roles and Young People's Offending The Impact of Offending and Interventions on Families Family Adversities Young People, Families, Risk and Resilience Conclusion PART VII: THE ECOLOGY OF BEING 'IN CARE' Introduction Being in Care as a 'risk factor' In and Out of Care The Nature of 'being in Care' The Social Ecology of Care: Diversity and Trajectories Managing Identities in Care The Importance of Peers and Friends The Social Care System and Risk Professional Intervention Conclusion CONCLUSION: YOUTH, CRIME AND 'ORDINARY LIFE' THROUGH AN ECOLOGICAL LENS Ecological Impacts and the Bounding of 'Choice' The 'Nested' Qualities of Social Action Resilience as a Social Resource Power and Injustice in Political Ecology Conclusion References Endnotes

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