A Socio-Criminological Analysis of the HIV Epidemic

A Socio-Criminological Analysis of the HIV Epidemic

by Bruno Meini


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In the world of the 21st century, epidemics are common biological and social occurrences, with HIV perhaps emphasising this better than any other disease. Medical scientific research has undoubtedly made significant steps forward; meanwhile, the social research field is still in its initial stages, with many awaiting an equally auspicious response.

A Socio-Criminological Analysis of the HIV Epidemic offers a comprehensive analysis of the multifaceted socio-criminological dimensions of the HIV epidemic and positively contributes to the ongoing sociological debate on infectious diseases. The author intends to create an independent epistemology of HIV to explicate the social forces that impact and determine the course and experience of the epidemic, while also seeking to reframe the popular discourse on HIV to reflect sociological conceptualisations. This latter step leads to the identification of the concept of social interaction as an appropriate tool for highlighting the complex social nature of this virus. The unprecedented challenge posed by the epidemic for the international community calls for global cooperation aimed at evaluating the diverse aspects of the issues that many actors in this tragic drama must deal with.

Given its wide-reaching international appeal, this book is also recommended for those involved or interested in global health issues and infectious diseases. It will be of particular interest to medical researchers, health workers, social scientists, social workers, policymakers, humanitarian workers, HIV and human rights activists, and graduate students.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781648890543
Publisher: Vernon Art and Science
Publication date: 07/15/2020
Series: Series in Sociology
Pages: 170
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.44(d)

About the Author

Bruno Meini is a member of the Observatory and Methods for Health, University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy. He holds a Ph.D. in Criminology from the University of Bologna, an MA in Criminal Justice from the School of Criminal Justice at Rutgers University as well as two master's degrees, one in Research Methods in the Social Sciences from the University of Florence, and the second in Development, Innovation and Change from the School of Development, Innovation and Change at University of Bologna. Meini's current research interests lie in the areas of criminological theory, policing, crime prevention, victimology, and sociology of HIV and AIDS.

Table of Contents

List of Figures


Chapter 1 HIV: The basic aspects

Health and illness

The origin of AIDS

The Haitian controversy

Features of the HIV epidemic

The routes of transmission of HIV

Epidemiological factors

Prevention policy: A theoretical approach


Chapter 2 Normalcy, pathology and the ‘sick role’

Sociological organicism

The ‘sick role’

The element of intentionality

Children orphaned by AIDS and their deviant tendencies


Chapter 3 The impact of HIV-related stigma and discrimination against children orphaned by AIDS

HIV as a human rights issue

HIV-related stigma

Orphans and other children made vulnerable by HIV

HIV discrimination


Chapter 4 The dual health burden of intimate partner violence and HIV in South Africa

The capital of sexual violence

South Africa’s rape crisis

The relationship between sexual violence and HIV among young women

Child rape and risk of HIV infection


Chapter 5 A victimological analysis of the link between harmful traditional practices and HIV

Polygyny, widow brides and cleansing rituals

Virginity testing

Female genital mutilation


Chapter 6 The risk-security nexus

HIV, risk and social cohesion

HIV as a security issue

The process of securitisation

Human security approach

The impact of AIDS on democratic processes

HIV prevalence and state weakness

HIV and law enforcement


Final considerations


List of Acronyms


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