Featuring contributions from leading experts in science and engineering, this book explores the complex biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage, rock drainage, and acid sulfate soils. It describes how to predict, prevent, and remediate the environmental impact of acid drainage and the oxidation of sulfides, offering the latest sampling and analytical methods. Moreover, readers will discover new approaches for recovering valuable resources from acid mine drainage, including bioleaching.
Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils reviews the most current findings in the field, offering new insights into the underlying causes as well as new tools to minimize the harm of acid drainage:
- Part I: Causes of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils focuses on the biogeochemistry of acid drainage in different environments.
- Part II: Assessment of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils covers stream characterization, aquatic and biological sampling, evaluation of aquatic resources, and some unusual aspects of sulfide oxidation.
- Part III: Prediction and Prevention of Acid Drainage discusses acid-base accounting, kinetic testing, block modeling, petrology, and mineralogy studies. It also explains relevant policy and regulations.
- Part IV: Remediation of Acid Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils examines both passive and active cleanup methods to remediate acid drainage.
Case studies from a variety of geologic settings highlight various approaches to analyzing and solving acid drainage problems. Replete with helpful appendices and an extensive list of web resources, Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils is recommended for mining engineers and scientists, regulatory officials, environmental scientists, land developers, and students.
|Product dimensions:||8.80(w) x 11.10(h) x 1.20(d)|
About the Author
JAY H. LEHR received a degree in geological engineering from Princeton and a PhD in groundwater hydrology from the University of Arizona. He is the coauthor of 30 books relating to environmental science and water supply. He edited the journal Groundwater for 25 years. He is currently the Science Director of the Heartland Institute, a free market think tank in Chicago, Illinois.
STEPHEN M. TESTA is currently the Executive Officer of the California State Mining and Geology Board and past president of the American Geosciences Institute, American Institute of Professional Geologists, American Association of Petroleum Geologists (Energy Minerals Division), and Los Angeles Basin Geological Society. Mr. Testa was a consultant for over 30 years and served as an instructor at the University of Southern California and California State University, Fullerton.
Table of ContentsPreface ix
Part I Causes Of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Sulfate Soils
1 Acid Drainage and Sulfide Oxidation: Introduction 3James A. Jacobs and Stephen M. Testa
2 Vitriols in Antiquity 9Stephen M. Testa
3 Biogeochemistry of Acid Drainage 15James A. Jacobs and David B. Vance
4 Trace Element Geochemistry and Acid Rock Drainage 53Bruce W. Downing and John Gravel
5 The Microbiology of Acid Drainage 61Bruce W. Downing
6 Natural Acid Rock Generation, Drainage, and Metal Leaching: Impact on Exploration, Mining, and Reclamation 67Bruce W. Downing
7 The Sulfur Cycle: Acid Drainage and Beyond 81David B. Vance
Part II Assessment of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Sulfate Soils
8 Sampling Strategies for Acid Drainage Studies 99James A. Jacobs
9 Stream Characterization for Acid Mine Drainage 105Jeff Skousen and James A. Jacobs
10 Overview of Soil and Groundwater Sampling Methods for Acid Drainage Studies 119James A. Jacobs
11 Acid Drainage Sampling Design and Sample Preparation 123Bruce W. Downing
12 Acid Drainage and Aquatic Resources 131Dennis R. Neuman, Stuart R. Jennings, and James A. Jacobs
13 Metals Associated with Acid Rock Drainage and Their Effect on Fish Health and Ecosystems 139Dennis R. Neuman, Peter J. Brown, and Stuart R. Jennings
14 Biological Sampling and Inventory Process 171Jeff Skousen, Craig Mains, and James A. Jacobs
15 Acid Rock Drainage as Related to Permafrost, Glaciers, and Climate Change 185Bruce W. Downing and James A. Jacobs
16 Acid Sulfate Soils 191James A. Jacobs
17 Prevention of Arsenic Mobilization Related to Sulfide Oxidation in Aquifers 197Mark S. Pearce, Mike Waldron, and James A. Jacobs
Part III Prediction and Prevention of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Sulfate Soils
18 Overview of Acid Drainage Prediction and Prevention 207Stuart R. Jennings and James A. Jacobs
19 Acid–Base Accounting Associated with Acid Rock Drainage 217Bruce W. Downing
20 Acid–Base Accounting Test Procedures 229Bruce W. Downing
21 Kinetic Testing Procedures 253Bruce W. Downing
22 Kinetic Testing Data Interpretation 261Bruce W. Downing
23 Block Modeling and Acid Rock Drainage Prediction 267Bruce W. Downing and Gary Giroux
24 Lithogeochemical Methods for Acid Rock Drainage Prediction 273Bruce W. Downing and Hans E. Madeisky
25 Predicting Acid Rock Drainage Based on Mineralogy andPetrology Studies 285Shannon Shaw and Bruce W. Downing
26 Management and Analysis of Acid Drainage Data 293Bruce W. Downing
27 Acid Generation and Drainage Workshop: Example Calculations and Solved Problems 305Jeff Skousen, Paul Ziemkiewicz, and James A. Jacobs
28 Mine Reclamation Policy and Regulations of Selected Jurisdictions 319James A. Jacobs and Stephen M. Testa
Part IV Remediation of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Sulfate Soils
29 Overview of Acid Mine Drainage Treatment with Chemicals 327Jeff Skousen
30 Passive Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage 339Carl Zipper and Jeff Skousen
31 The Iron Mountain Mine in Shasta County, California 355James A. Jacobs and Stephen M. Testa
32 Overview of Resources from Acid Drainage and Postmining Opportunities 361James A. Jacobs
33 Systematic Land Reclamation Assessment at Acid Mine Drainage Sites 377Pamela S. Blicker, Dennis R. Neuman, Stuart R. Jennings, and James A. Jacobs
34 Resource Recovery 387Stephen M. Testa
35 Case Studies for Acid Mine Drainage 407James A. Jacobs
36 Sustainable Aquaculture Using Treated and Untreated Mine Water from Coal Mines 419Kenneth J. Semmens and James A. Jacobs
Part V Appendixes
Appendix A Web Resources for Acid Drainage Issues 433
Appendix B Acronyms Used in Acid Drainage Literature 435
Appendix C Glossary of Acid Drainage and Mining Technical Terms 442
Appendix D Chemical Equilibrium Diagrams 447
Appendix E Soil and Groundwater Sampling Methods for Acid Drainage Studies 450
Appendix F Conversion Factors and Datums 459
Appendix G Nomenclature and Physical Characteristics of Pyrite 461
Appendix H Summary of U.S. EPA Method 1627 Kinetic Test Procedure for the Prediction of Mine Drainage Quality 463
Appendix I Acid Mine Drainage Remediation Decision Tree 475