Barbara Mcclintock: Pioneering Geneticist

Barbara Mcclintock: Pioneering Geneticist

by Ray Spangenburg, Diane Kit Moser




Makers of Modern Science is a 10-volume set that profiles the lives and achievements of scientists who made notable contributions to the advancement of science and society. Each volume covers a scientist whose work has had a major impact on a particular field. The scientist's accomplishments are discussed, including the scientific principles and personal struggles underlying his or her work. Employing an array of primary sources-diaries, memoirs, letters, and contemporary news accounts-as well as secondary sources, the set depicts the human drama of scientific work, the challenge of research, and the exhilaration and rewards of discovery.

Barbara McClintock recounts the life and work of the acclaimed scientist whose research in cytogenetics resulted in her being awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine, the first time a women was the prize's sole recipient in that category. The book includes information on McClintock's groundbreaking experiments in the genetics of maize, or Indian corn, which paved the way to today's cutting-edge discoveries in genetic engineering and bacterial reactions to antibiotics; the physical location of genes with chromosomes; the breakage-fusion-bridge cycle; and the struggles McClintock faced to maintain her integrity in a male-dominated environment.

Barbara McClintock includes 30 photographs and line illustrations, a glossary, a chronology, a list of print and Internet resources, and an index. Makers of Modern Science is an essential set for students, teachers, and general readers that provides a factual look at the lives and outstanding contributions of prominent scientists.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780816061723
Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
Publication date: 04/28/2008
Series: Makers of Modern Science Series
Pages: 160
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range: 12 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

Preface     xi
Acknowledgments     xv
Introduction     xvii
Born to Seek Knowledge (1902-1918)     1
An Appreciation for Solitude     2
Thirst for Knowledge     4
Brooklyn and Erasmus Hall High School     5
College: To Go or Not to Go?     6
Science as a Way of Finding Out (1919-1927)     9
Women in Science     10
College Days at Cornell University (1919-1923)     12
Genetics: The Story So Far     16
Gardening as Science     16
Monk and Scientist: Gregor Mendel (1822-1884)     17
Mendel Rediscovered     22
Fruit Fly Geneticist: Thomas Hunt Morgan (1866-1945)     24
Bateson and Gene Linkage     25
Fruit-Fly Genetics     25
When Cells Divide     28
Exploring the Genetics of Maize     31
Getting Started: Freedom to Work (1923-1927)     34
Ten Maize Chromosomes     35
Scientist at Work (1927-1931)     41
The Cornell Cytogenetics Group     42
McClintock and Creighton Team Up     47
The Experiment     48
Maize Researchers at Work     49
Publishing theResults     51
On the Road (1931-1936)     55
X-rays in Missouri     58
Ring Chromosomes     60
The Nucleolar Organizer Region     62
Cornell: A Brief Return     63
Prewar Germany     64
Exodus of Scientists: Germany in the 1930s     65
Working with the Lion     66
The Missouri Years (1936-1941)     69
The Breakage-Fusion-Bridge Cycle     71
In Search of a Position     72
Moving On     74
Cold Spring Harbor: A Place to Work (1942-1992)     75
Continuing the Work     77
Molecular Biology: A Powerful Approach     80
The Jumping Gene     81
Presenting the Evidence (1951-1956)     87
Skeptical Peers     89
DNA: The Double Helix (1953)     91
Persistence and Knowing: Return to Work     92
Sojourn in Latin America: The Origins of Maize     94
Reevaluation and Recognition     97
Awards Abound in the 1960s and 1970s     98
The Nobel Prize     99
Why Not Sooner?     102
After the Nobel     103
The Last Years     105
Barbara McClintock: Personal Integrity and Solid Science     107
A Philosophy Made to Fit     108
Spanning the Century     109
"I've Had Such a Good Time...."     110
Chronology     113
Glossary     117
Further Reading     121
A Chronological Selection of Barbara McClintock's Key Papers     126
Index     129

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