Chronology and Recensional Development in the Greek Text of Kings

Chronology and Recensional Development in the Greek Text of Kings

by James Donald Shenkel

Hardcover(Reprint 2014 ed.)

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This first volume in the Harvard Semitic Monographs series challenges many of the standard positions that have long been held concerning the Greek and Hebrew texts of the Books of Kings. The author's personal examination of the Qumran Hebrew manuscripts, published and unpublished, has led to a new understanding of the recensional development of the Greek text. His study contributes significantly to the methodology of modern textual criticism and the evaluation of historical sources in the Old Testament.

Examining the parallel development of the Greek text and the Hebrew, the author attributes the chronological discrepancy between the oldest Greek text forms and the Masoretic text to a change from the chronological system found in the Hebrew Vorlagen of the Old Greek and proto-Lucian texts to the newer system of the Masoretic text. The greatest difference between the two systems is found in the period from Omri to Jehu, where the pattern of regional formulae is worked into the narratives concerning Elijah and Elisha. The author concludes that the reason for the change to the newer Masoretic system was the desire to be able, from a chronological viewpoint, to identify Jehoshaphat as the King of Judah in the narrative of the Moabite campaign, an identification that was not possible in the older Greek chronology.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780674433311
Publisher: Harvard
Publication date: 10/01/2013
Series: Harvard Semitic Monographs , #1
Edition description: Reprint 2014 ed.
Pages: 151
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.44(d)

About the Author

James Shenkel is Professor of Old Testament Language and Literature at Woodstock College, Maryland.

Table of Contents


PART 1: Recension Development in the Greek Text of Samuel and Kings

The Old Greek


The Kaiye Recension

The Hexaplaric Recension

PART 2: Chronologies in the Books of Kings

The Chronological Framework

The Comparative Chronological Data

PART 3: The Regnal Formula of Jehoshaphat

PART 4: The Reigns from Ahab to Ahaziah (J)

The Reign of Ahab

The Reign of Ahaziah (I)

The Reign of Jehoram (J)

The Reign of Joram (I)

The Reign of Ahaziah (J)

PART 5: The Chronological of the Prophetic Narratives

The Chronological Sequence of the Narratives

The Moabite Campaign

The Identification of the Kings in II Kings 3: 6-14

The Identification of Jehoshaphat and Other Biblical Data

The Reason for the Identification of Jehoshaphat



Appendix A

Appendix B




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