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Overview

Georgians, like all Americans, experienced the Civil War in a variety of ways. Through selected articles drawn from the New Georgia Encyclopedia (www.georgiaencyclopedia.org), this collection chronicles the diversity of Georgia’s Civil War experience and reflects the most current scholarship in terms of how the Civil War has come to be studied, documented, and analyzed.

The Atlanta campaign and Sherman’s March to the Sea changed the course of the war in 1864, in terms both of the upheaval and destruction inflicted on the state and the life span of the Confederacy. While the dramatic events of 1864 are fully documented, this companion gives equal coverage to the many other aspects of the war—naval encounters and guerrilla war­fare, prisons and hospitals, factories and plantations, politics and policies— all of which provided critical support to the Confederacy’s war effort. The book also explores home-front conditions in depth, with an emphasis on emancipation, dissent, Unionism, and the experience and activity of African Americans and women.

Historians today are far more conscious of how memory—as public commemoration, individual reminiscence, historic preservation, and literary and cinematic depictions—has shaped the war’s multiple meanings. Nowhere is this legacy more varied or more pronounced than in Georgia, and a substantial part of this companion explores the many ways in which Georgians have interpreted the war experience for themselves and others over the past 150 years. At the outset of the sesquicentennial these new historical perspectives allow us to appreciate the Civil War as a complex and multifaceted experience for Georgians and for all southerners.

A Project of the New Georgia Encyclopedia; Published in Association with the Georgia Humanities Council and the University System of Georgia/GALILEO.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780820339818
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Publication date: 09/01/2011
Pages: 312
Sales rank: 1,191,329
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

ANGELA ESCO ELDER is the Virginia Center for Civil War Studies Postdoctoral Fellow at Virginia Tech. Her research interests focus on the antebellum and Civil War era, with an emphasis on gender, emotion, family, and trauma in the American South.

ANNE J. BAILEY is a professor of history at Georgia College and State University. Her many books include War and Ruin and The Chessboard of War.

ANTHONY GENE CAREY is an assistant professor of history at Auburn University.

DAVID WILLIAMS is a professor of history at Valdosta State University in Georgia.

GORDON L. JONES is senior military historian and curator at the Atlanta History Center.

HUGH RUPPERSBURG is Emeritus University Professor of English at the University of Georgia. He is the literature section editor of the New Georgia Encyclopedia.

JACQUELINE MILLER CARMICHAEL, who formerly taught English at Georgia State University, lives in Atlanta.

WILLIAM HARRIS BRAGG is an independent scholar who lives in Gray, Georgia. He is the past recipient of the Georgia Historical Society’s E. Merton Coulter Award for Excellence in the Writing of Georgia History.

JOHN C. INSCOE is a professor of history emeritus at the University of Georgia and the founding editor of the New Georgia Encyclopedia. He is coauthor of The Heart of Confederate Appalachia.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction 1

Overview: The Civil War in Georgia 5

Section 1 Prelude to War 13

Slavery 16

Box: Wanderer 22

Georgia in 1860 24

Sectional Crisis 29

Box: Georgia Platform 34

Secession 35

State Constitution of 1861 38

Milledgeville 40

Box: Old Governor's Mansion 41

Section 2 The War Years 43

Military Actions

Fort Pulaski 49

Union Blockade and Coastal Occupation 51

Box: CSS Savannah 56

Box: USS Water Witch 58

Naval War on the Chattahoochee River 59

Guerrilla Warfare 62

Andrews Raid 66

Black Troops 67

Battle of Chickamauga 70

Atlanta Campaign 73

Battle of Resaca 83

Battle of Pickett's Mill 87

Battle of Kennesaw Mountain 89

Sherman's March to the Sea 92

Box: Griswoldville 97

Wilson's Raid 98

Capture of Jefferson Davis 101

Box: Confederate Gold 103

Civil War Photojournalist: George N. Barnard 105

Military Support

Georgia Military Institute 125

Confederate Hospitals 126

Industry and Manufacturing 129

Atlanta as Confederate Hub 134

Box: Roswell Mill Women 138

Prisons 139

Andersonville Prison 142

Home Front

Newspapers 149

Box: The Countryman 152

Unionists 153

Desertion 157

Dissent 160

Women 164

Box: Nancy Harts Militia 168

Welfare and Poverty 170

Emancipation 173

Sherman's Field Order No. 15 177

Section 3 The War's Legacy 179

Postwar Identity

Reconstruction 185

Lost Cause Religion 194

Confederate Veteran Organizations 197

United Daughters of the Confederacy 201

Commemorative Sites and Activities

Cemeteries 207

Confederate Monuments 209

Cyclorama 212

Fitzgerald 215

Stone Mountain 207

Civil War Heritage Trails 218

National Civil War Naval Museum at Port Columbus 219

Civil War Centennial 221

Georgia Civil War Commission 226

Reenacting 228

Archaeology 233

Literary and Cinematic Perspectives

Journals, Diaries, and Memoirs 239

Slave Narratives 244

Macaria 248

"Marching through Georgia" 250

On the Plantation 252

The General 255

Gone With the Wind (Novel) 258

Gone With the Wind (Film) 262

The Great Locomotive Chase 267

The Andersonville Trial (Play) and Andersonville (Film) 269

Jubilee 271

The Wind Done Gone 273

Fictional Treatments of Sherman in Georgia 276

Selected Bibliography 281

Contributors 287

Index 293

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

The Civil War in Georgia uses selected articles drawn from the New Georgia Encyclopedia to cover the Georgia Civil War experience and provide the latest scholarship discussing how the Civil War affected individual states. . . .A fine guide, this is a pick for any Civil War or Southern history holding.” —Midwest Book Review

“That the text is so seamless is a tribute to the strong hand of project editor John C. Inscoe, Professor of History at the University of Georgia and onetime editor of the Georgia Historical Quarterly. . . . Those looking for a sophisticated, concise overview of Georgia’s role in the American Civil War. . .would do well to begin here.”—Keith Muchowsky, The Civil War Monitor

“An excellent book for anyone interested in the home front during the war.”—NYMAS Reviews

“John C. Inscoe has skillfully edited and arranged seventy-three topics into three sections: ‘Prelude to War,’ ‘The War Years,’ and ‘The War’s Legacy.’ The result is a valuable resource that provides concise information on major social, political, and military events from the antebellum era through Reconstruction in the ‘Empire State of the South.’”—Brett J. Derbes, Journal of Southern History

Customer Reviews