Climate change is the biggest challenge agriculture faces. Part 1 of this collection reviews current research on the impacts of climate change on agriculture, such as the effects of increased temperatures, as well as the ways these impacts can be modelled. Part 2 assesses what we know about the contribution of agriculture to climate change, including the impacts of both crop and livestock production as well as land use. Part 3 surveys mitigation strategies to achieve a more ‘climate-smart’ agriculture such as the role of integrated crop-livestock and agroforestry systems.
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About the Author
Cheikh Mbow is a research Professor and the Director of Future Africa at the University of Pretoria. Cheikh Mbow served as the Executive Director of START-International in Washington DC and Lead Scientist on Climate Change at the World Agroforestry Center in Kenya. He is an Adjunct Associate Professor at Michigan State University’s Department of Forestry. He works on Global Change research capacities for developing countries in Africa and Asia. He worked on land productivity and climate change at the Institute of Environmental Sciences, an interdisciplinary institute of the University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar (UCAD). At the university, he managed the research team CAREX (Climate Change, Adaptation, Environmental Risks). Over the past 23 years, Mbow has been active to raise funding and develop research and education partnerships. He established and coordinated the GOFC-GOLD Regional Network for West Africa (WARN) and worked in several regional programs such as AFRICANESS, AMMA (FP6), UNDESERT (FP7) projects, for the Global Atlas of the convention on Desertification, the GBO3 and for the GLO. Cheikh Mbow has been a Senior Scientist (Team Leader) on Climate Change and Development at World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) and supported the inter-institutional program CCAFS (Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security). He is currently an Adjunct Associate Professor at Michigan State University's Department of Forestry where he supports integrated land-use systems such as agroforestry. With more than 120 publications on various sustainability issues, Mbow has proven transdisciplinary expertise on food security and sustainable production in Africa. His work focuses on natural resources management, capacity building and, translation of scientific information to decision-makers and various stakeholder groups. He is a Lead Author on the Agriculture, Forestry and, Other Land Use (AFOLU) chapter in the IPCC's AR-5 and AR-6. Mbow is now a Coordinating Lead Author for the IPCC Special Report on Food Security. He served in many Scientific Committees such as the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program-IGBP (2012-2014) and Future Earth (2013-2015). He contributed to many high-level science-policy documents for UN agencies.
Dr Kenneth Boote is Emeritus Professor in the Department of Agronomy at the University of Florida, USA. He is widely regarded as a pioneer in crop modelling, helping to develop the DSSAT software application program that simulates growth for over 40 different crops. He is presently serving as Co-Lead for Crop Modeling in AgMIP, the global Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project. Amongst his many distinctions, Professor Boote is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Crop Science Society of America and the American Society of Agronomy.
Table of ContentsPart 1 The impacts of climate change on agriculture
1.The effects on crop cultivation of increased CO2, temperature and ozone levels due to climate change: Eline Vanuytrecht, Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO) and KU Leuven Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Belgium;
2.Effects of climate change on agricultural soils: Kennedy Were, Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation, Kenya; and Bal Ram Singh, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway;
3.Modeling the effects of climate change on agriculture: a focus on cropping systems: M. Adam, CIRAD, Burkina Faso; K. J. Boote, University of Florida–Gainesville, USA; G. N. Falconnier, CIRAD, France; C. H. Porter, University of Florida–Gainesville, USA; E. Eyshi Rezaei, University of Göttingen, Germany; and H. Webber, University of Bonn and Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Research (ZALF), Germany;
Part 2 The contribution of agriculture to climate change
4.Quantifying the role of livestock in climate change: Julie Wolf, USDA-ARS, USA;
5.The role of crop cultivation in contributing to climate change: Sonali Shukla McDermid and David Kanter, New York University, USA;
6.The role of agricultural expansion, land cover and land-use change in contributing to climate change: Catherine E. Scott, University of Leeds, UK;
7.Measuring and quantifying greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural activities: Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil, University College Dublin & Prudence College Dublin/GSustain, Ireland; Syed Faiz-ul Islam, University College Dublin, Ireland; Macdara O’Neill, University College Dublin & Teagasc, Ireland; and Bruce Osborne, University College Dublin, Ireland;
Part 3 Adaption and mitigation strategies in agriculture
8.Climate-smart crop production: understanding complexity for achieving triple-wins: Katrien Descheemaeker, Pytrik Reidsma and Ken E. Giller, Plant Production Systems, Wageningen University & Research, The Netherlands;
9.The contribution of integrated crop–livestock systems in combatting climate change and improving resilience in agricultural production to achieve food security: Mark van Wijk and James Hammond, International Livestock Research Institute, Kenya; Simon Fraval, International Livestock Research Institute, Kenya and Wageningen University, The Netherlands; Jannike Wichern, Wageningen University, The Netherlands; Randall Ritzema, Olivet Nazarene University, USA; and Ben Henderson, Natural Resources Policy, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), France;
10.Agroforestry as a solution for multiple climate change challenges in Africa: C. Mbow, Future Africa at University of Pretoria, South Africa and Michigan State University, USA; E. Toensmeier, Perennial Agriculture Institute, USA; M. Brandt, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; D. Skole, Michigan State University, USA; M. Dieng, Senegalese Institute of Agricultural Research (ISRA), Senegal; D. Garrity, World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya; and B. Poulter, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA;
What People are Saying About This
"The challenges ahead for agriculture globally are substantial and growing: feeding an increasingly populous and hungrier world whilst managing increased risks from climate change, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and operating in ways that enhance ecosystem services. The highly experienced editor and authors of this book bring together a comprehensive coverage of these issues and their potential resolution."
Prof Mark Howden, Director - Climate Change Institute, Australian National University; Vice Chair - IPCC Working Group II