This book provides a novel approach to governance relating to biodiversity and human well-being in complex tropical landscapes, including forests and protected areas. It focuses attention at the interface between communities and the landscape level, building on interdisciplinary research conducted in five countries (Cameroon, Indonesia, Laos, Madagascar and Tanzania). In each country, the research was set within the framework of a major national policy thrust.
The book improves our understanding of and ability to manage complex landscapes – mosaics of differing land uses – in a more adaptive and collaborative way that benefits both the environment and local communities. It includes both single country and cross-site analyses, and focuses on themes, such as resettlement, land use planning, non-timber forest product use and management, the disconnect between customary and formal legal systems, and the role of larger scale policies in local level realities. Chapters also analyze experience with monitoring and a local governance assessment tool. The work also provides guidance for those interested in management and governance at lower and intermediate levels (village, district), scales likely to grow in importance in the global effort to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
About the Author
Carol J. Pierce Colfer is a Senior associate in the Governance Program at CIFOR and a Visiting Fellow at the Cornell Institute for International Food, Agriculture and Development in Ithaca, New York. Her work focuses on strengthening the voices of women and men who live in and near tropical forests. She is editor of Human Helath and Forests (2008).
Jean-Laurent Pfund is a Forester and a Senior Scientist at CIFOR, Indonesia. He has long experience with the people and forests of Madagascar and led the research project from which this book derives.
Table of Contents
1. An Introduction to Five Tropical Landscapes, Their People and Their Governance
Carol J. Pierce Colfer and Jean-Laurent Pfund, with Etienne Andriamampandry, Stella Asaha, Amandine Boucard, Manuel Boissiere, Laurene Feintrenie, Verina Ingram, Emmanuel Lyimo, Endri Martini, Salla Rantala, Michelle Roberts, Terry Sunderland, Zora Lea Urech, Heini Vihemaki, Vongvilai Vongkhamsao and John Daniel Watts
2. The Governance of Tropical Forested Landscapes
John Daniel Watts with Carol J. Pierce Colfer
3. Role of the District Government in Directing Landscape Dynamics and People's Futures: Lessons Learnt from Bungo District, in Jambi Province
Laurene Feintrenie and Endri Martini
4. Information Flows, Decision Making and Social Acceptability in Displacement Processes
John Daniel Watts, Heini Vihemaki, Manuel Boissiere and Salla Rantala
5. Changing Landscapes, Transforming Institutions: Local Management of Natural Resources in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania
Salla Rantala and Emmanuel Lyimo
6. Traditional Use of Forest Fragments in Manompana, Madagascar
Zora Lea Urech, Mihajamanana Rabenilalana, Jean-Pierre Sorg and Hans Rudolf Felber
7. The Role of Wild Species in Governance of Tropical Forested Landscapes
Bronwen Powell, John Daniel Watts, Stella Asaha, Amandine Boucard, Laurene Feintrenie, Emmanuel Lyimo, Jacqueline Sunderland-Groves and Zora Lea Urech
8. Governance and NTFP Chains in the Takamanda-Mone Landscape, Cameroon
Verina Ingram, Stella Asaha, Terry Sunderland and Alexander Tajoacha
9. A Dozen Indicators for Assessing Governance in Forested Landscapes
Carol J. Pierce Colfer and Laurene Feintrenie
10. Minefields in Collaborative Governance
Carol J. Pierce Colfer with Ettiene Andriamampandry, Stella Asaha, Imam Basuki, Amandine Boucard, Laurene Feintrenie, Verina Ingram, Michelle Roberts, Terry Sunderland and Zora Lea Urech
11. The Essential Task of 'Muddling Through' to Better Landscape Governance
Carol J. Pierce Colfer, Jean-Laurent Pfund and Terry Sunderland