Community Capitalism in China: The State, the Market, and Collectivism

Community Capitalism in China: The State, the Market, and Collectivism

by Xiaoshuo Hou


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This book proposes to end the dichotomous view of the state and the market, and capitalism and communism, by examining the local institutional innovation in three villages in China and presents community capitalism as an alternative to the neoliberal model of development. Community is both the unit of redistribution and the entity that mobilizes resources to compete in the market; collectivism creates the boundary that sets the community apart from the outside and justifies and sustains the model. Community capitalism differs from Mao-era collectivism, when individual interests were buried in the name of collective interests and market competition was not a concern. It also deviates from cooperatives such as Israeli kibbutzim in that there are obvious hierarchies in the community and people pursue the accumulation of wealth and modern conveniences. Nonetheless, this book demonstrates the embeddedness of the market in community, showing how social relations, group solidarity, power, honor, and other values play an important role in these villages' social and economic organization.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781107030466
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 02/18/2013
Pages: 164
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.59(d)

About the Author

Xiaoshuo Hou is an Assistant Professor of Sociology at St Lawrence University. Her research interests include the sociology of development, economic sociology, the sociology of organizations and the socioeconomic transformations in China. She has published extensively in The Journal of Asian Studies, Theory and Society, Contemporary Sociology, Ethnic and Racial Studies, and Theory, Culture and Society. Currently, she is co-editing the five-volume Blackwell Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Nationalism. She received her PhD from Boston University.

Table of Contents

Preface; 1. The curse revisited: the dynamics of social change in China; 2. Circle on the outside, square on the inside; 3. Socialism with Huaxi characteristics; 4. Capitalism reborn or collectivism rediscovered; 5. Back to the future: community capitalism and the search for alternatives.

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