Table of ContentsI. Behaviour of Contaminants.- I. a. Anorganic compounds.- Analysis and prognosis of metal mobility in soils and wastes.- Comparison of leaching behaviour and bioavailability of heavy metals in contaminated soils and soils cleaned up with several extractive and thermal methods.- Transport of heavy metals and phosphate in heterogenous soils.- Influence of sorption and chemical reactions on transport of soil pollutants (heavy metals).- Estimation of long-term behavior of heavy metals in solid wastes.- Use of the Langmuir isotherm to description of Zn sorption by some Polish soils.- Leaching of cyanides.- Mineral reactions and pollutant detection in fissured glimmerton.- Vertical spreading of pollutants in glimmerton.- The influence of soil clean-up on the bioavailability of metals.- Correlations between chemical and biological evaluation procedures for the determination of heavy metal availability from soils.- Contaminant diffusion in sediments, soil and waste materials.- I.b. Organic compounds.- Behaviour of organic contaminants in soil.- Soil substitutes for adsorption measurement of chemicals to soil.- The degradation of specific organic compounds with landfill leachate as a primary substrate.- Valuation of the migration behaviour of substances in the subsoil.- The value of a soil transport model, based on partitioning, for describing the behaviour of organic compounds in the unsaturated zone of the soil.- Adsorption of benzene, toluene and xylenes in soil material.- Fate of 14C-labelled chlorinated phenols in soil.- The fate of naphthalene, anthracene and benzo(a)pyrene in soil taken from a refinery waste treatment site.- Limitations of the Koc concept inferred from 1-methylnaphthalene sorption on organic coated sorbents.- II. Site Investigation and Analysis.- The importance of measurement procedures in curative and preventive soil protection.- Groundwater contamination by abandoned waste disposal sites: detection and possibilities of standardized assessment.- Geophysics and geostatics for evaluating groundwater pollution.- On-site soil and air analysis with a mobile mass spectrometer.- Kriging interpolation as a sampling strategy in local soil pollution.- Alternative investigation techniques for ground water contamination sites: soil gas testing and spinner-logging/depth sampling a case study.- Microbial degradation of petroleum in contaminated soil analytical aspects.- An integrated approach to the investigation and redevelopment of contaminated sites.- A new system for the profile measurement of chemical/physical parameters.- Determination of the extension, identification and localization of pollutant substances by probes.- Geostatistics in soil pollution research.- Investigation of soil and groundwater at former gasworks sites.- State-wide geoscientific investigations for the evaluation of abandoned waste sites.- Investigations into underground contaminations at old landfills in Northern Bavaria.- Soil studies, risk assessment and restoration suggestions on an abandoned industrial site.- Sampling and conservation of volatile organic micropollutants in groundwater.- Hydrogeological investigations in liassic claystone basis for the redevelopment of Bielefeld-Brake refuse tip.- Mercury (Hg) new ways for an old pathfinder.- Microbiological investigations of an aquifer polluted by hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons in respect of microbiological treatment.- Evaluation of different biomass parameters for microbial monitoring of oil polluted groundwater.- Main contaminants and priority pollutants from waste sites: criteria for selection with the aim of assessment on the groundwater path.- Ionic ratios as a tool to identify and select groundwater resources.- Use of fluorescing agents to study actual and apparent petroleum thicknesses in laboratory columns.- Environmental pollution by beryllium in Japan.- Heavy metals in the soils of Hamburg.- Sources, effects and management of metallic lead pollution. The contribution of hunting, shooting and angling.- Instrumentation for the measurement of landfill gas emissions.- Theory and practice of self potential measurements on waste disposal sites.- Assessment of volatile halogenated hydrocarbons in tripping sites (abandoned waste disposal sites and landfills) by soil air and waste analyses.- Gas monitoring measurements for detecting explosion hazards on the Hamburg municipal authority’s developed landfills.- III. Risk Assessment.- Fundamentals for determining use-related, highest acceptable contaminant levels in inner city and urban soils.- Development of a model to set clean-up criteria for contaminated soil at decommissioned industrial sites.- Soil quality standards: science or science fiction an inquiry into the methodological aspects of soil quality criteria.- Essays concerning the discussion of limiting values for residual values of hazardous substances.- Setting trigger concentrations for contaminated land.- Soil standards for soil protection and remedial action in the Netherlands.- Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in the soil system: long-term changes, behaviour and current levels in the U.K..- ISO/TC 190 Soil quality, first steps towards a world-wide standardized approach of soil problems.- AGAPE a model for estimating the relative risk of potential contaminated sites.- RISC: an expert system for risk identification of soil contamination.- Hazard estimation of two emittents as component parts of the data-combination system ‘Existing contamination load Soil Ground water’.- Assessment of the risk potential of contaminated sites without taking samples: strategy results problems.- Estimation of the potential hazard deriving from old lanfills using differentiated gas sampling and analytical methods.- Risk assessment for contaminated sites.- Contaminations by chemical armament factories risk potential of soil and groundwater contaminations by closed down chemical armament industry plants in the FRG and GDR.- The Volgermeerpolder, a case study.- Fiber dust emissions on dumps and their assessment.- Methods for an action oriented program concerning risk assessment and danger abatement of contaminated sites on a regional scale.- An expert system for groundwater vulnerability assessment.- IV. Public Health and Toxicology.- Experience in the appraisal of health risks owing to soil contamination.- An international study on social aspects etc. of contaminated land.- Setting up a network of Health and Environment Medical Officers in primary health services.- Human health observed through the ‘ecological looking glass’.- The influence of soil pollution on the indoor air quality.- Studies of organic pollutant uptake by plants.- Toxicant screening in soil using bioassays.- Arsenic in gley-soils, occurrence and human exposure.- V. Remedial Action Techniques.- V.a. General aspects.- Lessons learned: a basis for future success.- Contaminated land: the scale of the problem in Europe, costs of clean up and application of novel techniques to reduce clean up costs.- A computer model for contaminated land reclamation schemes.- Experiences, problems and possible solutions for a redevelopment of contaminated industrial sites.- Land management at industrial sites.- Soil management an industry-specific approach.- General survey of site clearance techniques: trend towards in-situ treatment.- Analysis concerning thermically, physically-chemically and biologically treated contaminated sites.- General program for research and development of the remedial action technologies used for hazardous waste landfills evaluated at the landfill Gerolsheim/Rheinland-Pfalz.- Motor fuel contamination of soils: current and recent research of the American Petroleum Institute.- Contamination of groundwater by cyanide-bearing former refuse deposits a case study.- V. b. Encapsulation techniques.- New results and aspects in the area of seal wall research.- Surface coverings for tips and contaminated sites.- Geotechnical data requirements for earthen hydraulic barriers.- Resistance of mineral sealing wall masses against seepage waters from old storages.- Soil covering systems as remedial action in contaminated housing areas in the Netherlands.- The refurbishment of contaminated sites and high-safety waste dump technology.- Safer sealing systems for waste dumps.- The diaphragm wall chamber system inspection of the efficacy and long-term observations.- Cut-off wall with inserted HDPE-panel in comparison to a soil-concrete wall.- Long-term behaviour of encapsulation materials especially for cleaning-up hazardous waste landfills.- Assessment of mobility and transport of organic contaminants through mineralic containment materials.- Diffusive pollutant migration under encapsulation and its retardation or interruption by means of an inversion flow.- Test seal wall for Gerolsheim hazardous waste dump.- Concept for surface sealing at the special waste depot of Gerolsheim.- Optimizing form and covering of disposal sites for minimizing infiltration water.- Possibilities and limitations of surface covering systems for waste sites.- The management of the hydrologic system of the landfill Hamburg-Georgswerder.- Measuring the water balance of various multilayered covering systems on the waste tip Georgswerder (Hamburg, FRG).- New requirements and developments for groundwater protection with plastic liners.- V.c. Microbiological techniques.- Review of biological soil treatment techniques in the Netherlands.- Engineering significance of fundamental concepts in xenobiotics biodegradation in soil.- Applied biotechnology for decontamination of polluted soils. Possibilities and problems.- Latest development of biological in situ remedial action techniques, portrayed by examples from Europe and USA.- Aspects on the in-situ and on-site removal of hydrocarbons from contaminated sites by biodegradation.- In situ biorestoration of a subsoil, contaminated with gasoline.- Bioremediation of hazardous waste sites in the USA: case histories.- Microbial degradation of phenoxyacetic acid and 2,4-dichloro-phenoxyacetic acid in continuous culture.- Reductive dechlorination of chlorinated hydrocarbons in anaerobic sediment columns.- Biodegradation of alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane by a bacterium isolated from polluted soil.- Decontamination of a coal gasification site through application of vanguard microorganisms.- Biorestoration, a technique for remedial action on industrial sites.- Prerequisites for a bacterial degradation of N-, S- and O-heterocyclic, aromatic compounds.- Bioaccumulation of heavy metals from polluted soils.- Elimination of the toxic seepage water at the Kirchlengern refuse disposal site using more complex plants.- V.d. Thermal techniques.- Progress in the treatment of soils contaminated with organochlorine compounds. A comparison between the Netherlands and the USA.- Test of a transportable full-scale rotary kiln incinerator on herbicide-orange contaminated soil at the Naval Construction Battalion Center, Gulfport, Mississippi.- Six years of experience in thermal soil cleaning.- Review of thermal and extraction soil treatment plants in the Netherlands.- Remedying polluted soil by thermal treatment system Deutag/Von Roll. (Thermal decontamination of various polluted soils in a pilot plant).- Process for PCDD and PCDF removal from contaminated soil.- High temperature thermal treatment of contaminated soil.- Further development of a thermal soil purification method under special consideration of waste gas purification and safety aspects as an example for successful international cooperation.- Deutsche Babcock process for the thermal cleaning of contaminated soils.- Demonstration of electric infrared incineration.- Experiences with thermal disposal of gases from contaminated soil.- Ecological recovery of decontaminated soil.- The recolonisation by bacteria of thermically cleaned soil.- In situ vitrification an innovative melting technology for the remediation of contaminated soil.- V.e. Physical techniques.- Physico-chemical treatment methods for soil remediation.- High-pressure soil washing. Process for cleaning polluted soil in Berlin..- Experience gained with a soil-decontamination system in Berlin.- Physical techniques for the in situ cleaning of contaminated soil.- An examination of various soil excavation techniques of herbicide-orange contamination at the Naval Construction Battalion Center, Gulfport, Nississippi.- In situ cadmium removal full-scale remedial action of contaminated soil.- In-situ mobilisation of residual oil in contaminated soil development of a method for selecting oil-mobilising surfactants.- Liquid extraction an element in the clean-up of waste sites. Site investigation with observation wells.- Field-study of soil-gas exhaustion on a landfill to investigate the risk potential depending on chlorinated hydrocarbons.- Experiences joined in the remediation of CHC-contamination cases.- Disposal of leachate by evaporation.- Detoxification of organic liquids using sodium / dehalogenation of harmful substances.- V.f. Solidification techniques.- Status of solidification/stabilization in the United States and factors affecting its use.- Application technique for safe fixing of coking residues on the basis of a stabilisation process according to ‘Heide-Werner’, and first results on the behaviour regarding elution.- Solidification, stabilization and encapsulation of organic compounds from remedial actions using inorganic and organic fillers and binding agents.- Industrial wastes rehabilitation.- List of addresses of first-named authors (Vol. 1).- Key words (Vol. 1).