Edward "Kid" Ory (1886-1973) was a trombonist, composer, recording artist, and early New Orleans jazz band leader. Creole Trombone tells his story from birth on a rural sugar cane plantation in a French-speaking, ethnically mixed family, to his emergence in New Orleans as the city's hottest band leader. The Ory band featured such future jazz stars as Louis Armstrong and King Oliver, and was widely considered New Orleans's top "hot" band. Ory's career took him from New Orleans to California, where he and his band created the first African American New Orleans jazz recordings ever made. In 1925 he moved to Chicago where he made records with Oliver, Armstrong, and Jelly Roll Morton that captured the spirit of the jazz age. His most famous composition from that period, "Muskrat Ramble," is a jazz standard. Retired from music during the Depression, he returned in the 1940s and enjoyed a reignited career.
Drawing on oral history and Ory's unpublished autobiography, Creole Trombone is a story that is told in large measure by Ory himself. The author reveals Ory's personality to the reader and shares remarkable stories of incredible innovations of the jazz pioneer. The book also features unpublished Ory compositions, photographs, and a selected discography of his most significant recordings.
About the Author
John McCusker, New Orleans, is a photographer for The Times-Picayune. He was part of the the team that shared the 2006 Pulitzer Prize for Journalism for covering Hurricane Katrina.
Table of Contents
Introduction Who Was Kid Ory? 3
Chapter 1 1886-1896: Le Monde Creole en Campagne 6
Chapter 2 ca. 1897-1900: Music 24
Chapter 3 1900-1904: Orphan 42
Chapter 4 1905-1907: Walking with the King 52
Chapter 5 1908-1910: Kid 64
Chapter 6 1910-1916: New Orleans 80
Chapter 7 1917-1919: Creole Jazz 112
Chapter 8 1919-1925: California 134
Chapter 9 1925-1933: Chicago Sideman 156
Chapter 10 1933-1973: Epilogue 184
Appendix I Autobiography 189
Appendix II Autobiography 191
Appendix III Selected Discography 193
Appendix IV Lost Compositions 200