Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking

by Jonathan Haber

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Overview

How the concept of critical thinking emerged, how it has been defined, and how critical thinking skills can be taught.

Critical thinking is regularly cited as an essential twenty-first century skill, the key to success in school and work. Given our propensity to believe fake news, draw incorrect conclusions, and make decisions based on emotion rather than reason, it might even be said that critical thinking is vital to the survival of a democratic society. But what, exactly, is critical thinking? In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Jonathan Haber explains how the concept of critical thinking emerged, how it has been defined, and how critical thinking skills can be taught and assessed.

Haber describes the term's origins in such disciplines as philosophy, psychology, and science. He examines the components of critical thinking, including structured thinking, language skills, background knowledge, and information literacy, along with such necessary intellectual traits as intellectual humility, empathy, and open-mindedness. He discusses how research has defined critical thinking, how elements of critical thinking have been taught for centuries, and how educators can teach critical thinking skills now.

Haber argues that the most important critical thinking issue today is that not enough people are doing enough of it. Fortunately, critical thinking can be taught, practiced, and evaluated. This book offers a guide for teachers, students, and aspiring critical thinkers everywhere, including advice for educational leaders and policy makers on how to make the teaching and learning of critical thinking an educational priority and practical reality.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780262538282
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 04/07/2020
Series: The MIT Press Essential Knowledge seriesSeries Series
Pages: 232
Sales rank: 84,585
Product dimensions: 4.90(w) x 6.90(h) x 0.70(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Jonathan Haber is an educational researcher, writer and entrepreneur working in the fields of critical-thinking education, assessment, and technology-enabled learning whose work has been featured in the New York Times, the Boston Globe, the Chronicle of Higher Education, and the Wall Street Journal. He is the author of another MIT Press Essential Knowledge book, MOOCS, and The Critical Voter.

Table of Contents

Series Foreword ix

Preface xi

1 The Genealogy of Critical Thinking 1

2 Components of Critical Thinking 37

3 Defining, Teaching, and Assessing Critical Thinking 101

4 Where Do We Go from Here? 161

Glossary 183

Notes 189

Additional Resources 197

Index 201

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