Pub. Date:
Elsevier Health Sciences
Diagnosis and Management of Lameness in the Horse

Diagnosis and Management of Lameness in the Horse


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Helping you to apply many different diagnostic tools, Diagnosis and Management of Lameness in the Horse, 2nd Edition explores both traditional treatments and alternative therapies for conditions that can cause gait abnormalities in horses. Written by an international team of authors led by Mike Ross and Sue Dyson, this resource describes equine sporting activities and specific lameness conditions in major sport horse types. It emphasizes accurate and systematic observation and clinical examination, with in-depth descriptions of diagnostic analgesia, radiography, ultrasonography, nuclear scintigraphy, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, thermography, and surgical endoscopy. Broader in scope than any other book of its kind, this edition includes a companion website with 47 narrated video clips demonstrating common forelimb and hindlimb lameness as well as gait abnormalities.

  • Cutting-edge information on diagnostic application for computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging includes the most comprehensive section available on MRI in the live horse.
  • Coverage of traditional treatment modalities also includes many aspects of alternative therapy, with a practical and realistic perspective on prognosis.
  • An examination of the various types of horses used in sports describes the lameness conditions to which each horse type is particularly prone, as well as differences in prognosis.
  • Guidelines on how to proceed when a diagnosis cannot easily be reached help you manage conditions when faced with the limitations of current diagnostic capabilities.
  • Clinical examination and diagnostic analgesia are given a special emphasis.
  • Practical, hands-on information covers a wide range of horse types from around the world.
  • A global perspective is provided by a team of international authors, editors, and contributors.
  • A full-color insert shows thermography images.
  • Updated chapters include the most current information on topics such as MRI, foot pain, stem cell therapy, and shock wave treatment.
  • Two new chapters include The Biomechanics of the Equine Limb and its Effect on Lameness and Clinical Use of Stem Cells, Marrow Components, and Other Growth Factors. The chapter on the hock has been expanded substantially, and the section on lameness associated with the foot has been completely rewritten to include state-of-the-art information based on what has been learned from MRI. Many new figures appear throughout the book.
  • A companion website includes 47 narrated video clips of gait abnormalities, including typical common syndromes as well as rarer and atypical manifestations of lameness and neurological dysfunction, with commentary by author/editors Mike Ross and Sue Dyson.
  • References on the companion website are linked to the original abstracts on PubMed.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780721683423
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Publication date: 12/17/2002
Edition description: BK&CD-ROM
Pages: 1095
Product dimensions: 9.30(w) x 11.10(h) x 2.00(d)

Table of Contents

Part IDiagnosis of Lameness
Section 1The Lameness Examination
1Lameness Examination: Historical Perspective2
2Lameness in Horses: Basic Facts before Starting3
3Anamnesis (History)9
4Conformation and Lameness15
5Observation: Symmetry and Posture31
9Applied Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System81
10Diagnostic Analgesia93
11Neurological Examination and Neurological Conditions Causing Gait Deficits124
12Unexplained Lameness135
13Assessment of Acute-Onset, Severe Lameness145
14The Swollen Limb150
Section 2Diagnostic Imaging
15Radiography and Radiology153
16Ultrasonographic Evaluation of the Equine Limb: Technique166
17Ultrasonographic Examination of Joints189
18Ultrasound and Orthopedic (Non-Articular) Disease194
19Nuclear Medicine198
20Computed Tomography213
21Magnetic Resonance Imaging216
22Gait Analysis for the Quantification of Lameness222
23Arthroscopic Examination226
24Tenoscopy and Bursoscopy230
25Thermography: Use in Lameness236
Part IIThe Foot
26Clinical Investigation of Foot Pain242
27The Foot and Shoeing250
Foot Balance, Conformation, and Lameness250
Horseshoes and Shoeing262
Natural Balance Trimming and Shoeing271
Hoof Reconstruction Materials and Glue-on Shoes274
28Trauma to the Sole and Wall275
29Functional Anatomy of the Palmar Aspect of the Foot282
30Navicular Disease and Other Soft Tissue Causes of Palmar Foot Pain286
31Treatment and Prognosis of Horses with Navicular Disease299
32Fracture of the Navicular Bone304
33Primary Lesions of the Deep Digital Flexor Tendon within the Hoof Capsule305
34The Distal Phalanx and Distal Interphalangeal Joint310
Primary Pain Associated with the Distal Interphalangeal Joint310
Fractures and Fragmentation of the Extensor Process of the Distal Phalanx316
Osseous Cyst-Like Lesions in the Distal Phalanx317
Keratomas, Neoplastic, and Non-Neoplastic Space-Occupying Lesions in the Hoof317
Fractures of the Distal Phalanx318
Pedal Osteitis: Does It Exist?321
Osteitis of the Palmar Processes of the Distal Phalanx322
Disease of the Cartilages of the Foot323
Pathophysiology of Laminitis325
Diagnosis of Laminitis329
Medical Therapy of Laminitis329
Hoof Care of a Laminitis Horse332
Deep Digital Flexor Tenotomy for Managing Laminitis335
Other Management Aspects of Laminitis338
Part IIIThe Forelimb
36The Proximal and Middle Phalanges and Proximal Interphalangeal Joint342
37The Metacarpophalangeal Joint348
38The Metacarpal Region362
39The Carpus376
40The Antebrachium394
41The Elbow, Brachium, and Shoulder399
Part IVThe Hindlimb
42The Hind Foot and Pastern418
43The Metatarsophalangeal Joint421
44The Metatarsal Region433
45The Tarsus440
46The Crus450
47The Stifle455
48The Thigh471
49Mechanical Lameness in the Hindlimb475
50Estrous Cycle and Performance in Athletic Mares480
Part VThe Axial Skeleton
51Diagnosis and Management of Pelvic Fractures in the Thoroughbred Racehorse484
52Pelvic Injuries in the Non-Racehorse491
53Diagnosis and Management of Sacroiliac Joint Injuries501
54Thoracolumbar Spine509
55The Cervical Spine and Soft Tissues of the Neck522
Part VIDevelopmental Orthopedic Disease and Lameness
56Pathogenesis of Osteochondrosis534
57The Role of Nutrition in Developmental Orthopedic Disease: Nutritional Management543
58Diagnosis and Management of Osteochondrosis and Osseous Cyst-Like Lesions549
60Angular Limb Deformities557
Diagnosis and Conservative Management557
Surgical Management558
61Flexural Limb Deformity in Foals562
62Cervical Stenotic Myelopathy566
Part VIIArthritis
64Markers of Osteoarthritis: Implications for Early Diagnosis and Monitoring of Pathological Course and Effects of Therapy591
65Models of Equine Joint Disease594
66Infectious Arthritis598
67Non-Infectious Arthritis606
68Other Joint Conditions610
Part VIIIThe Soft Tissues
69Pathophysiology of Tendon Injury616
70Superficial Digital Flexor Tendonitis628
Superficial Digital Flexor Tendonitis in Racehorses628
Surgical Management of Superficial Digital Flexor Tendonitis635
Superficial Digital Flexor Tendonitis in Event Horses, Show Jumpers, and Dressage Horses639
71The Deep Digital Flexor Tendon644
72Desmitis of the Accessory Ligament of the Deep Digital Flexor Tendon650
73The Suspensory Apparatus654
74Clinical Use of Stem Cells and Marrow Components to Stimulate Suspensory Ligament Regeneration673
75Diseases of the Digital Synovial Sheath, Palmar Annular Ligament, and Digital Annular Ligaments674
76The Carpal Canal and Carpal Synovial Sheath684
77Tarsal Sheath687
78Extensor Tendon Injury692
80Bursae and Other Soft Tissue Swellings705
81Other Soft Tissue Injuries708
82Tendon Lacerations712
83Soft Tissue Injuries of the Pastern716
84Skeletal Muscle and Lameness723
Muscle Injury and Disease, Lameness, and Poor Performance723
Nutritional Myodegeneration736
Toxic Myopathies737
Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis738
Part IXTherapeutics
Section 1Traditional Therapy
85Principles and Practices of Joint Disease Treatment746
86Epidural Analgesia and Hindlimb Lameness764
87Bandaging, Splinting, and Casting769
88External Skeletal Fixation774
91Radiation Therapy783
92Rest and Rehabilitation788
Section 2Complementary (Nontraditional) Therapy
Equine Acupuncture for Lameness Diagnosis and Treatment793
Understanding the Use of Acupuncture in Treating Equine Lameness and Musculoskeletal Pain798
94Chiropractic Evaluation and Management of Musculoskeletal Disorders803
95Therapeutic Use of Ultrasound, Lasers, and Electromagnetics811
96Massage, Stretching, Homeopathy, and Herbs815
97Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation817
98Osteopathic Treatment of the Axial Skeleton of the Horse819
99Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy825
Part XLameness in the Sport Horse
Section 1Poor Performance
100Poor Performance and Lameness828
101Experiences Using a High-Speed Treadmill to Evaluate Lameness832
Section 2The Racehorse
102The Sales Yearling836
Purchase Examination of a Thoroughbred Sales Yearling in North America836
Purchase Examination of a Thoroughbred Sales Yearling in Europe838
North American Standardbred Sales Yearling839
103Biochemical Markers of Bone Cell Activity842
104The Bucked Shin Complex847
Etiology, Pathogenesis, and Conservative Management847
Stress Fractures of the Third Metacarpal Bone: Surgical Management853
105On-Track Catastrophe in the Thoroughbred Racehorse854
106Epidemiology of Racehorse Injuries861
107North American Thoroughbred868
108The European Thoroughbred879
109The North American Standardbred895
110The European and Australasian Standardbreds913
The European Standardbred913
The Australasian Standardbred924
111The Racing Quarter Horse927
112Lameness of the Arabian Racehorse931
113National Hunt Racehorse, Point to Point Horse, and Timber Racing Horse934
114The Finnish Horse and Other Scandinavian Cold-Blooded Trotters946
Section 3Non-Racing Sport Horses
115Prepurchase Examination of the Performance Horse951
116Lameness in the Show Hunter and Show Jumper965
117Lamesness in the Dressage Horse975
118Lameness in the Three Day Event Horse984
119Lameness in Endurance Horses996
120Lameness in the Polo Pony1003
121The Western Performance Horse1017
The Cutting Horse1017
The Roping Horse1021
The Reined Cow Horse1026
Barrel Racing Horses1030
The European Western Performance Horse1032
122The Tennessee Walking Horse1033
123Lameness in the American Saddlebred and Other Trotting Breeds with Collection1035
124Lameness in the Arabian and Half-Arabian Show Horse1040
125Lameness in the Driving Horse1049
126Lameness in Draft Horses1058
127Lameness in the Pony1069
128Lameness in Breeding Stallions and Broodmares1077
129Lameness in Foals1084
130Pleasure Riding Horse1094

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