Do All Indians Live in Tipis? Second Edition: Questions and Answers from the National Museum of the American Indian

Do All Indians Live in Tipis? Second Edition: Questions and Answers from the National Museum of the American Indian

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Overview

How much do you really know about totem poles, tipis, and Tonto? There are hundreds of Native tribes in the Americas, and there may be thousands of misconceptions about Native customs, culture, and history. In this illustrated guide, experts from Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian debunk common myths and answer frequently asked questions about Native Americans past and present. Readers will discover the truth about everything from kachina dolls to casinos, with answers to nearly 100 questions, including: Did Indians really sell Manhattan for twenty-four dollars worth of beads and trinkets? Are dream catchers an authentic tradition? Do All Indians Live in Tipis? Second Edition features short essays, mostly Native-authored, that cover a range of topics including identity; origins and histories; clothing, housing, and food; ceremony and ritual; sovereignty; animals and land; language and education; love and marriage; and arts, music, dance, and sports.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781588346209
Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press
Publication date: 07/17/2018
Sold by: Penguin Random House Publisher Services
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 272
Sales rank: 392,247
File size: 108 MB
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Age Range: 12 - 17 Years

About the Author

The National Museum of the American Indian is an institution of living cultures dedicated to advancing knowledge and understanding of the life, languages, literature, history, and arts of the Native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

Table of Contents

Foreword Kevin Gover, Director, National Museum of the American Indian xiii

Introduction Wilma Mankiller, Former Principal Chief, Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma xv

American Indian Cultures

Do Indians celebrate Thanksgiving? 2

What is the importance of music to Native people? 5

What musical instruments do Native people play? 7

What did Indians use for paint and dye? 10

What are kachina dolls? What are they used for? 12

Did all tribes have totem poles? Does anyone still carve them? 14

Do Indians make art? 17

How do I know if something I purchase is really made by an American Indian artist or tribe? 20

Why are there different spellings for words-such as tipi and teepee-in Native American languages? 23

What is a powwow? 26

Did American Indians invent lacrosse? 28

What was the first game ever played with rubber balls? 30

Did early Mesoamericans practice human sacrifice during their ball games? 32

Did any Indians practice cannibalism? 34

What did Indians really smoke in those peace pipes? 35

What is "counting coup"? 37

Do Indians do rain dances? 39

Are dream catchers an authentic tradition? 41

Why are most Indian ceremonies and dances off-limits to non-Native audiences? 43

What is the Native American religion? 45

How can I find a shaman (or medicine man) who will teach me? 48

Do Indians have funerals? 50

Was Tonto a real Indian? 52

Why did carved wooden Indians stand outside cigar stores? 55

How authentic are contemporary movies that try to tell stories from a Native perspective? 58

Time, Continuity, and Change

Where did Indians come from? How did they get to the Americas? 62

How many Indians lived in the Western Hemisphere when Columbus arrived? 65

Is it true that Indian languages are now extinct? 67

Did Indians have alaphabets and writing before contact with Europeans? 70

Did Indians really help the European settlers? 72

Is is true that Pocahontas saved John Smith from execution? 75

Is it true that Indians sold Manhattan for twenty-four dollars worth of beads and trinkets? 78

Did Europeans purposely use smallpox to kill Indians? 80

Was Sacagawea really all that important to the Lewis and Clark Expedition? 82

What happened to white people captured by Indians? 84

Is it true that white people invented scalping, or did the practice originate with Native Americans? 87

People, Places, and Environments

What is the relationship of Native Americans to the environment? 90

Were the Americas a vast, untouched wilderness when Europeans arrived? 93

Did Native people and European colonists have different perspectives about land? 96

Do Alaska Natives really have hundreds of words for snow? 98

Did Indians really use smoke signals? Do they today? 100

Did Native Americans use sign language? 102

What kinds of foods do Indians eat? 105

Before contact with Europeans, did Indians make all their clothing from animal skins? 108

Is it true that Native people used all parts of the animal? 110

Is it true Native Americans hunted a great number of large animals to extinction? 113

Why do Indians wear feathers? Why are eagle feathers important to Indians? 115

How did Native Americans acquire horses? 117

Where did Native people get glass beads to decorate their clothing? 119

Do Native American parents still put their babies in cradleboards? Are the cradleboards comfortable? 122

Are Indians more prone to certain diseases than the general population? Why? 125

What are the rates of alcoholism, drug addiction, and suicide among American Indians? 127

Do all Indians live in tipis? 129

Individual Development and Identity

What is the correct terminology: American Indian, Indian, Native American, or Native? 132

Should I say tribe or nation? 134

Why do many tribes have more than one name? 136

How do I prove my Indian ancestry and enroll in my tribe? 138

Did Native American tribes have royalty? 140

Why is the word squaw offensive? 142

Why is the word Eskimo sometimes offensive? 144

What's wrong with naming sports teams Indians, Braves, etc.? 145

What is the origin of the term redskin? Why is it offensive? 148

Why do some people believe there are no "real" Indians left? 149

Why are coming-of-age ceremonies important? 152

How have Native Americans viewed sexuality and gender? 155

Why do some Native people not like having their photo taken? 158

Individuals, Groups, and Institutions

Before the arrival of formal schools, how were Indian Children taught? 162

Why did the U.S. government force Indian children into boarding schools? 165

What distinct roles did men and Women play in Native communities? 168

Why was the Navajo language chosen for military code in World War II? Were all Indian "code talkers" Navajo? 172

How did some tribes get a reputation as warlike and others as peaceful? 175

Did any Indian Groups practice polygamy? 177

Power, Authority, and Governance

What are the Indian populations of the United States, Canada, and Latin America? 180

How many Indian tribes are officially recognized in the United states today? Why is recognition important? 181

Why didn't Indian tribes band together to fight off Europeans? 183

What was the Iroquois Confederacy and how did it contribute to democracy? 186

Are Indians U.S. citizens? 188

Did Native Americans own slaves? 190

Did women serve as chiefs and leaders of Native American tribes? 193

Can Indians leave the reservations? Why do reservations still exist? 196

Why do American Indians run casinos? 198

What happens to the revenue from Indian casinos? 200

Do the rich casino tribes help out the poor tribes? 203

Why is there still poverty on some reservations? 206

Why benefits do Indians receive from the U.S government? 209

Do Indians have to pay taxes? 212

Do Indians have to follow state hunting and fishing regulations? 214

Do museums have to give back everything in their collections that was taken from tribes without permission? 216

Science, Technology, and Society

What were some of the accomplishments of Native Americans at the time Europeans first arrived in the Western Hemisphere? 220

Did Indians have mathematics before contact with Europeans? 223

How did foods native to the Americas influence global cuisines? 226

Who really built the mounds? 229

Further Reading 233

Index 241

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