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Earth-affecting solar transients encompass a broad range of phenomena, including major solar flares, CMEs, ICMEs, solar energetic particle events, and corotating interaction regions.​

In the past decade, nearly continuous observations of the Sun and the inner heliosphere with an unprecedented wide spatial coverage from a fleet of spacecraft, including STEREO Ahead/Behind, SDO, SOHO, Messenger, Venus Express, ACE and WIND, in combination with a significant advancement of global MHD numerical simulation and theoretical analysis, have greatly improved our understanding of solar transients and the prediction of their potential impact on Earth.

This Topical Collection is based on the International Study of Earth-affecting Solar Transients (ISEST) project, initially launched in 2013 to bring together scientists from many countries to join efforts on studying solar transients. ISEST became one of the four research projects of the Variability of the Sun and Its Terrestrial Impact (VarSITI) program, sponsored by the Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics (SCOSTEP) for the period of 2014 – 2018.

Originally published in the journal Solar Physics, volumes 292 (2017) and 293 (2018).

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789402415698
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 10/17/2018
Edition description: 1st ed. 2019
Pages: 744
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

About the Author

Dr. ​Jie Zhang is professor at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia. He is an expert on solar flares and coronal mass ejections.

Dr. Xóchitl Blanco-Cano is professor at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). Her research areas are the physics of the solar wind and space plasmas.

Dr. Nariaki Nitta is senior staff physicist at the Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory in Palo Alto, California. His interests include transient phenomena on the Sun and their possible impacts on the heliosphere.

Dr. Srivastava Nandita is professor at Udaipur Solar Observatory, India. Her research focuses on space weather, coronal mass ejections, and filament eruptions.

Dr. Cristina Mandrini is professor at the Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, CONICET-UBA, Buenos Aires, Argentina. She is working on the emergence, evolution and interplanetary impact of the solar magnetic field.

Table of Contents

Editorial: Earth-affecting Solar Transients.- A Study of the Earth-Affecting CMEs of Solar Cycle 24.- Understanding the Internal Magnetic Field Configurations of ICMEs Using More than 20 Years of Wind Observations.- Investigation of the Geoeffectiveness of Disk-Centre Full-Halo Coronal Mass Ejections.- The Interaction of Successive Coronal Mass Ejections: A Review.- On the Collision Nature of Two Coronal Mass Ejections: A Review.- Deflection and Rotation of CMEs from Active Region 11158.- Earth-Affecting Coronal Mass Ejections Without Obvious Low Coronal Signatures.- Relation of CME Speed and Magnetic Helicity in CME Source Regions on the Sun during the Early Phase of Solar Cycles 23 and 24.- A New Solar Imaging System for Observing High-Speed Eruptions: Solar Dynamics Doppler Imager (SDDI).- On Flare-CME Characteristics from Sun to Earth Combining Remote-Sensing Image Data with In Situ Measurements Supported by Modeling.- Comprehensive Analysis of the Geoeffective Solar Event of 21 June 2015: Effects on the Magnetosphere, Plasmasphere, and Ionosphere Systems.- Origin and Ion Charge State Evolution of Solar Wind Transients during 4 – 7 August 2011.- Interplanetary and Geomagnetic Consequences of Interacting CMEs of 13 – 14 June 2012.- Characterization of the Complex Ejecta Measured In Situ on 19 – 22 March 2001 by Six Different Methods.- Study of the Geoeffectiveness and Galactic Cosmic-Ray Response of VarSITI-ISEST Campaign Events in Solar Cycle 24.- Intense Geomagnetic Storms Associated with Coronal Holes Under the Weak Solar-Wind Conditions of Cycle 24.- Statistical Analysis of Solar Events Associated with Storm Sudden Commencements over One Year of Solar Maximum During Cycle 23: Propagation from the Sun to the Earth and Effects.- Estimation of Reconnection Flux Using Post-eruption Arcades and Its Relevance to Magnetic Clouds at 1 AU.- Comparison of CME and ICME Structures Derived from Remote-Sensing and In Situ Observations.- CME Dynamics Using STEREO and LASCO Observations: The Relative Importance of Lorentz Forces and Solar Wind Drag.- A Helicity-Based Method to Infer the CME Magnetic Field Magnitude in Sun and Geospace: Generalization and Extension to Sun-Like and M-Dwarf Stars and Implications for Exoplanet Habitability.- Interplanetary Magnetic Flux Ropes as Agents Connecting Solar Eruptions and Geomagnetic Activities.- The Grad–Shafranov Reconstruction of Toroidal Magnetic Flux Ropes: Method Development and Benchmark Studies.- Fitting and Reconstruction of Thirteen Simple Coronal Mass Ejections.- Geomagnetic Effects of Corotating Interaction Regions.- Observation of an Extremely Large-Density Heliospheric Plasma Sheet Compressed by an Interplanetary Shock at 1 AU.- Dynamics of Large-Scale Solar-Wind Streams Obtained by the Double Superposed Epoch Analysis: 2. Comparisons of CIRs vs. Sheaths and MCs vs. Ejecta.- Correlation Between the Magnetic Field and Plasma Parameters at 1 AU.- Muon Excess at Sea Level during the Progress of a Geomagnetic Storm and High-Speed Stream Impact Near the Time of Earth’s Heliospheric Sheet Crossing.- The Role of Solar Wind Structures in the Generation of ULF Waves in the Inner Magnetosphere.- Analysis of the Relationship Between the Solar X-Ray Radiation Intensity and the D-Region Electron Density Using Satellite and Ground-Based Radio Data.- Validation of the CME Geomagnetic Forecast Alerts Under the COMESEP Alert System.- Understanding Problem Forecasts of ISEST Campaign Flare-CME Events.- An Early Diagnostics of the Geoeffectiveness of Solar Eruptions from Photospheric Magnetic Flux Observations: The Transition from SOHO to SDO.

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