The collapse of the Habsburg Monarchy at the end of World War I ushered in a period of radical change for East-Central European political structures and national identities. Yet this transformed landscape inevitably still bore the traces of its imperial past. Breaking with traditional histories that take 1918 as a strict line of demarcation, this collection focuses on the complexities that attended the transition from the Habsburg Empire to its successor states. In so doing, it produces new and more nuanced insights into the persistence and effectiveness of imperial institutions, as well as the sources of instability in the newly formed nation-states.
About the Author
Claire Morelon is ERC Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Padova. She holds a dual doctorate in Modern European History from the University of Birmingham and the Institut d'Études Politiques in Paris, and was a Junior Research Fellow at The Queen’s College, University of Oxford.
Paul Miller is Associate Professor of History at McDaniel College in Maryland, USA. His current research concerns the history and memory of the Sarajevo assassination.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
PART I: PERMANENCE AND REVOLUTION: NATIONAL POLITICS IN THE TRANSITION TO THE SUCCESSOR STATES
Chapter 1. Negotiating Post-Imperial Transitions: Local Societies and Nationalizing States in East Central Europe
Chapter 2. State Legitimacy and Continuity between the Habsburg Empire and Czechoslovakia: The 1918 Transition in Prague
Chapter 3. Strangers among Friends: Leon Biliński between Imperial Austria and New Poland
Chapter 4. Ideology on Display: Continuity and Rupture at Exhibitions in Austria-Hungary and Czechoslovakia, 1873–1928
PART II: THE HABSBURG ARMY'S FINAL BATTLES
Chapter 5. Reflections on the Legacy of the Imperial and Royal Army in the Successor States
Chapter 6. Imperial into National Officers: K.(u.) K. Officers of Romanian Nationality Before and after the Great War
Chapter 7. Shades of Empire: Austro-Hungarian Officers, Frankists, and the Afterlives of Austria-Hungary in Croatia, 1918–1929
John Paul Newman
PART III: CHURCH, DYNASTY, ARISTOCRACY: THE POST-WAR FATE OF IMPERIAL PILLARS
Chapter 8. “All the German Princes Driven Out!”: The Catholic Church in Vienna and the First Austrian Republic
Chapter 9. Wealthy Landowners or Weak Remnants of the Imperial Past?: Central European Nobles during and after the First World War
Chapter 10. Sinner, Saint―or Cipher?: The Austrian Republic and the Death of Emperor Karl I
PART IV: HISTORY, MEMORY, MENTALITÉ: PROCESSING THE EMPIRE'S PASSING
Chapter 11. “What Did They Die For?”: War Remembrance in Austria in the Transition from Empire to Nation State
Chapter 12. “The First Victim of the First World War”: Franz Ferdinand in Austrian Memory
Pieter M. Judson