Tibetan Buddhism derives from the confluence of Buddhism and yoga which started to arrive in Tibet from India briefly around the late eighth century and then more steadily from the thirteenth century onwards. Indian Buddhism around that time had incorporated both Hindu yogic and tantric practices along with the classical teachings of the historical Buddha who lived around 500 BC. It acknowledged that there were two paths to enlightenment (complete transcendence of identification with the personal ego). One path was that taught in the sutras according to the historical teachings. The heart of sutra practice was based on morality, concentration, and wisdom (not identifying with the personal ego). The other path, which has become the cornerstone of Tibetan variations, was tantric. This practice blended the sutra teachings with techniques adapted from Hindu systems of yoga and tantra. Hinayana and Mahayana are two schools of Buddhist practice that have basically similar goals and techniques but somewhat differing philosophies. For instance, Theravadin Buddhism (known for its Vipassana meditation) is a Hinayana teaching and Zen Buddhism is a Mahayana teaching. It is very much like trying to deal with a wild horse charging towards you. One way is denial: put up your hands and shout out, "stop, stop!" Probably you will be bowled over by the animal. Another, more clever, approach is to step aside and then jump on its back as it charges past you. Volumes of the present book deal the teachings of Buddha from the purest available sources i.e. Buddhism in Tibet.
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About the Author
Dr. Kuldeep Chand Agnihotri is Director, Himachal Pradesh University, Regional Centre, Dharamshala. Dr. Agnihotri is authority in Tibetan Buddhism. He is also a social activist working against female foeticide and child labour.
Dr. Sanjay Kumar is associated with Department of Buddhist Studies, University of Delhi. He is expertise in Buddhist Ethics. His several research papers have been published in different reputed journals. He also participated in many national and international seminars.