ISBN-10:
0415582962
ISBN-13:
9780415582964
Pub. Date:
11/30/2010
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
English: An Essential Grammar / Edition 2

English: An Essential Grammar / Edition 2

by Gerald NelsonGerald Nelson
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Overview

English: An Essential Grammar is a concise and user-friendly guide to the grammar of modern English, written specifically for native speakers and based on genuine samples of contemporary spoken and written English.

In the first four chapters, this book covers the essentials of English grammar, beginning with the basics and going on to deal with phrase, clause and sentence structure. A fifth chapter deals with English word formation and spelling, including problem spellings and British and American spelling variants.

Features include:

  • discussion of points that often cause problems
  • guidance on sentence building and composition
  • practical spelling guidelines
  • explanation of grammatical terms
  • a set of exercises at the end of each chapter
  • appendix of irregular verbs.

With numerous language examples bringing grammar to life, this Essential Grammar will help you read, speak and write English with greater confidence. It is ideal for everyone who would like to improve their knowledge of English grammar.

Gerald Nelson is Professor in the English Department at The Chinese University of Hong Kong, and formerly Reader in the Department of English Language and Literature, University College London, UK.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780415582964
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 11/30/2010
Series: Routledge Essential Grammars Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 192
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.40(d)

About the Author

Gerald Nelson is Professor of English at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Table of Contents

List of abbreviations

INTRODUCTION

What is grammar?

Grammar ‘rules’ and grammatical structures

Standard English

English as a world language

British English and American English

How this book is organised
A note on sources

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCING SENTENCE STRUCTURE



    1. The constituents of a sentence
    2. The Grammatical Hierarchy
    3. Form and function in grammatical description

1.4 Subject and verb

1.5 Identifying the Subject

1.5.1 The Inversion Test

1.5.2 The Tag Question Test

1.5.3 Subject-verb agreement

1.6 Verb types and sentence patterns

1.6.1 Intransitive verbs

1.6.2 Linking verbs and Subject Complements

1.6.3 Monotransitive verbs and Direct Objects

1.6.4 Ditransitive verbs and Indirect Objects

1.6.5 Complex transitive verbs and Object Complements

1.6.6 Adverbial Complements

1.6.7 Summary: The six sentence patterns

1.7 Active sentences and passive sentences

1.8 Adjuncts

1.8.1 The meanings of Adjuncts

1.9 Peripheral constituents in sentence structure

1.10 Fragments and non-sentences

EXERCISES

CHAPTER 2 WORDS AND WORD CLASSES

2.1 Open and closed word classes

2.2 Nouns and determiners

2.2.1 Singular nouns and plural nouns

2.2.2 Common nouns and proper nouns

2.2.3 Countable nouns and uncountable nouns

2.2.4 Genitive nouns

2.2.5 Dependent genitives and independent genitives

2.2.6 Determiners

2.3 Pronouns 

2.3.1 Personal pronouns

2.3.2 Possessive pronouns

2.3.3 Reflexive pronouns

2.3.4 Demonstrative pronouns

2.3.5 Quantifying pronouns and numerals

2.3.6 Relative pronouns

2.3.7 Nominal relative pronouns

2.3.8 Interrogative pronouns

2.3.9 Pronoun one

2.3.10 Pronoun it

2.4 Main verbs

2.4.1 The five verb forms

2.4.2 The base form

2.4.3 The -s form

2.4.4 The past form

2.4.5 The –ed/-en form

2.4.6 The -ing form

2.4.7 Irregular verbs

2.4.8 Regular and irregular variants

2.4.9 The verb be

2.4.10 Multi-word verbs

2.4.11 Light verbs

2.5 Auxiliary verbs

2.5.1 Modal auxiliary verbs

2.5.2 The meanings of modal auxiliaries

2.5.3 The passive auxiliary be

2.5.4 The progressive auxiliary be

2.5.5 The perfective auxiliary have

2.5.6 Auxiliary do

2.5.7 Semi-auxiliary verbs

2.6 Adjectives

2.6.1 Gradable adjectives

2.6.2 Comparative adjectives and superlative adjectives

2.6.3 Participial adjectives

2.6.4 Nominal adjectives

2.7 Adverbs

2.7.1 Circumstantial adverbs

2.7.2 Degree adverbs

2.7.3 Comparative adverbs and superlative adverbs

2.8 Prepositions

2.9 Conjunctions

EXERCISES

CHAPTER 3 PHRASES

3.1 What is a phrase?

3.2 The basic structure of phrases

3.3 Adverb phrases

3.3.1 The functions of adverb phrases

3.4 Adjective phrases

3.4.1 Comparative constructions

3.4.2 The functions of adjective phrases

3.5 Prepositional phrases

3.5.1 The functions of prepositional phrases

3.6 Noun phrases

3.6.1 Noun phrase Heads

3.6.1.1 Identifying the Head

3.6.2 Determiners and Determinatives

3.6.3 Noun phrase Premodifiers

3.6.4 Noun phrase Postmodifiers

3.6.4.1 Sequential and embedded Postmodifiers

3.6.4.2 Postmodifiers and Complements

3.6.5 The functions of noun phrases

3.6.6 Apposition

3.7 Verb phrases

3.7.1 The Operator

3.7.2 The ordering of auxiliary verbs

3.7.3 Finite verb phrases and non-finite verb phrases

3.7.4 Movement

3.7.5 Tense

3.7.6. Expressing future time

3.7.7 Aspect

3.7.8 Mood

EXERCISES

CHAPTER 4 CLAUSES AND SENTENCES

4.1 What is a clause?

4.2 Subordination

4.2.1 Finite and non-finite subordinate clauses

4.2.2 Adjunct clauses

4.2.2.1 The meanings of Adjunct clauses

4.2.3 Relative clauses

4.2.4 Nominal relative clauses

4.2.5 That-clauses

4.2.6 Comparative clauses

4.2.7 The functions of clauses in sentences

4.2.8 The functions of clauses in phrases

4.3 Coordination

4.3.1 Coordination types

4.3.2 The meanings of coordinators

4.3.3 Correlative coordinators

4.3.4 Quasi-coordination

4.4 Sentence types

4.4.1 Declarative sentences

4.4.2 Interrogative sentences

4.4.3 Imperative sentences

4.4.4 Exclamative sentences

4.5 Positive sentences and negative sentences

4.6 Inverted sentences

4.7 Extraposition and postponement

4.8 There-sentences

4.9 Cleft sentences

4.10 Sentence connectors

4.10.1 Logical connectors

4.10.2 Structural connectors

4.11 Referring expressions

EXERCISES

CHAPTER 5 WORD FORMATION AND SPELLING

5.1 The structure of words

5.2 Prefixes

5.3 Suffixes

5.4 Compounding and blending

5.5 Acronyms, abbreviations, and clipping

5.6 Back formations

5.7 Combining forms

5.8 Inflections

5.9 Adding inflections: general spelling rules

5.10 Adding -ly and -ally

5.11 Plural nouns

5.12 Variants with s or z

5.13 British and American spelling variants

5.14 Problem spellings

ANSWERS TO EXERCISES

APPENDIX: English Irregular Verbs

Glossary of terms

Further reading

Index

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