Originating from the radical Right in the late 19th Century, fascism combined revolutionary anti-capitalism and nationalism and was heavily influenced by the thinking of French philosophers. It encompassed a wide spectrum of movements with characteristics both of the Right and the Left. Only with Mussolini's movement in the Twenties did the term Fascism become attached to this heady mixture. And it was only by the Thirties that movements of the radical Right throughout Europe began to see themsleves as what has now become known as 'international fascism' a Third Way between capitalism and communism. Nevertheless some of those who saw themsleves as fascists resisted being classified with Nazism.
Griffiths' remarkably lucid analysis lays bare exactly what we have to fear if and when there is a repeat of the past.