Framing Democracy: A Behavioral Approach to Democratic Theory

Framing Democracy: A Behavioral Approach to Democratic Theory

by Jamie Terence Kelly

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Overview

The past thirty years have seen a surge of empirical research into political decision making and the influence of framing effects—the phenomenon that occurs when different but equivalent presentations of a decision problem elicit different judgments or preferences. During the same period, political philosophers have become increasingly interested in democratic theory, particularly in deliberative theories of democracy. Unfortunately, the empirical and philosophical studies of democracy have largely proceeded in isolation from each other. As a result, philosophical treatments of democracy have overlooked recent developments in psychology, while the empirical study of framing effects has ignored much contemporary work in political philosophy. In Framing Democracy, Jamie Terence Kelly bridges this divide by explaining the relevance of framing effects for normative theories of democracy.


Employing a behavioral approach, Kelly argues for rejecting the rational actor model of decision making and replacing it with an understanding of choice imported from psychology and social science. After surveying the wide array of theories that go under the name of democratic theory, he argues that a behavioral approach enables a focus on three important concerns: moral reasons for endorsing democracy, feasibility considerations governing particular theories, and implications for institutional design. Finally, Kelly assesses a number of methods for addressing framing effects, including proposals to increase the amount of political speech, mechanisms designed to insulate democratic outcomes from flawed decision making, and programs of public education.


The first book to develop a behavioral theory of democracy, Framing Democracy has important insights for democratic theory, the social scientific understanding of political decision making, economics, and legal theory.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780691155197
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 09/16/2012
Pages: 168
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Jamie Terence Kelly is assistant professor of philosophy at Vassar College.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix




Introduction 1




Chapter One

Framing Effects 7




Chapter Two

Theories of Democracy 44




Chapter Three

Behavioral Democratic Theory 59




Chapter Four

Behavioral Democratic Theory Applied 74




Chapter Five

Institutional Implications 97




Conclusion 122




References 125

Index 149

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

"While it has long been recognized that framing plays a huge role in politics, it is only in recent years that normative democratic theorists have started incorporating this reality. This book will set the standard for this movement and become necessary reading not only for behavioral and philosophical scholars but for all political scientists."—James Druckman, Northwestern University

"Democratic theorists—and citizens of democracies in general—ignore this book at their own peril. The case for democracy depends upon its tendency to make good decisions. Yet, in this sober, rich, and authoritative study, Kelly shows us how one set of cognitive biases—framing effects—threatens to impede sound democratic decision making."—Jason Brennan, author of The Ethics of Voting

"Kelly's synthesis of empirical research on framing effects and normative political theory is impressive, providing the most persuasive integration of the two fields that I have seen. This is a strongly written, clear, and compelling book."—Paul Brewer, University of Delaware

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