A History of Rome: Down to the Age of Constantine

A History of Rome: Down to the Age of Constantine

by M. Cary, H. H. Scullard

Paperback(1979)

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Overview

The aim of this now classic work on the history of Rome is to provide a comprehensive survey of Roman history down to the dawn of the Middle Ages, within the compass of one volume. Its subject is a political system and a civilization which lasted a thousand years and eventually comprised the whole Mediterranean area and Western Europe.

It contains a profusion of maps and photographs as well as many coin photographs, covering almost the entire period of Roman history. In addition it has well over two thousand notes, which provide valuable information on the state of research, as well as comprehensive bibliography. There is also a detailed chronological summary of the period, a list of emperors and genealogical tables of the great Republican families.

For students coming to this period for the first time, or for the interested general reader, this book provides the most comprehensive and accessible guide to the whole sweep of Roman history.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780333278307
Publisher: Macmillan Education UK
Publication date: 06/17/1979
Edition description: 1979
Pages: 722
Product dimensions: 7.44(w) x 9.69(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Edition v
Preface to the Second Edition vii
List of Illustrations
xxiii
List of Maps
xxvii
PART I PRE-ROMAN ITALY
The Geographical Environment of Roman History
The Mediterranean Area
3(1)
Italy
4(3)
The Early Inhabitants of Italy
Stone Age Man
7(1)
Bronze Age Man
8(1)
The Iron Age and the 'Villanovans'
9(4)
The Peoples and Tongues of Italy
13(3)
Greeks and Etruscans in Early Italy
The Greeks
16(2)
Who were the Etruscans?
18(3)
Etruscan Civilisation
21(5)
Etruscan Expansion
26(5)
PART II THE ROMAN CONQUEST OF ITALY
Latium and Rome
The Geography of Latium
31(1)
The Early History of Latium
31(3)
Rome. The Site of the City
34(1)
The Origins of Rome. The Traditional Story
35(2)
The Origins of Rome. From Village to City
37(4)
Rome in the Period of the Kings
The Kings and Tradition
41(1)
The City
42(5)
Economic Conditions under the Kings
47(1)
Early Roman Religion
48(1)
Social and Political Groupings
49(1)
The Monarchy
50(2)
Military and Political Developments
52(2)
Rome and her Neighbours
54(1)
The End of Etruscan Rome
55(2)
The Sources for Early Roman History
Documentary Records
57(3)
Oral Tradition
60(1)
Literary Sources
60(2)
The Conflict of the Orders. The First Stage
The First Republican Constitution
62(1)
Economic Conditions
63(1)
The Plebeian Counter-organisation
64(2)
The Twelve Tables
66(2)
Plebeian Advances
68(2)
The Early Wars of the Republic
Rome and Latium
70(1)
Sabines, Aequi and Volsci
70(1)
The Conquest of Veii
71(1)
The Siege of Rome by the Gauls
72(3)
The Conflict of the Orders. The Second Stage
New Discontents after the Gallic War
75(1)
Economic Legislation
76(1)
Plebeian Victories
77(1)
The Patricio-Plebeian Nobility
78(1)
The Resultant Constitution
79(4)
Conclusion
83(1)
The Latin, Samnite and Pyrrhic Wars
The Establishment of Roman Ascendancy in Central Italy
84(3)
The Oscan-speaking Sabellians
87(1)
The First Samnite War and the Great Latin War
88(2)
The Second Samnite War
90(2)
The Third Samnite War
92(2)
The War with Tarentum and Pyrrhus
94(3)
The Roman State in the Third Century B.C.
The Roman Constitution. Apparent Defects
97(1)
The Working of the Constitution
97(2)
The Roman Conquest of Italy
99(4)
The Political Organisation of Italy
103(3)
Economic Conditions in Rome and Italy
106(1)
Architecture and Art
107(1)
Social and Religious Life
108(2)
Early Roman Literature
110(3)
PART III THE CONQUEST OF THE MEDITERRANEAN
The First Punic War and the Conquest of North Italy
Sources of Information
113(1)
The Carthaginian State
113(3)
The Affair of Messana
116(1)
The Growth of Roman War Aims
117(1)
The Invasion of Africa
118(1)
Later Operations in Sicily
119(2)
The First Punic War. Conclusion
121(1)
The Seizure of Sardinia and Corsica
121(1)
The Last Gallic Invasion
121(2)
The Illyrian Wars
123(1)
The Second Punic War
The Carthaginian Conquests in Spain
124(1)
The Affair of Saguntum
125(2)
Hannibal's Invasion of Italy. Cannae
127(2)
The Roman Effort after Cannae
129(1)
Sequel of the War in Italy
130(1)
The War in Greece and Sicily
131(2)
The Scipios in Spain
133(2)
The War in Africa
135(2)
Conclusion
137(1)
The Conquest of the Western Mediterranean
Rome's Expanding Dominance
138(1)
The Final Reduction of Cisalpine Gaul
139(1)
The Ligurian Wars
140(1)
The Spanish Wars, 197--179 B.C.
141(2)
The Spanish Wars, 154--133 B.C.
143(4)
Rome, Carthage and Numidia
147(1)
The Third Punic War
148(2)
The Macedonian Wars
Early Contacts between Rome and Greece
150(1)
The First Macedonian War
151(1)
The Overtures of Pergamum and Rhodes to Rome
151(3)
The Second Macedonian War
154(2)
Antiochus III and the Aetolians
156(1)
The Third Macedonian War
157(2)
The Fourth Macedonian War
159(1)
Rome and the Greek Homeland
160(1)
The Roman Wars in Asia in the Second Century
The Origins of the War against Antiochus
161(2)
The First Roman Campaign in Asia
163(1)
The First Roman Settlement of Asia
164(1)
The Romans in Asia Minor down to 129 B.C.
165(1)
Relations with Syria and Egypt
166(3)
The Government of the Roman Provinces
The Client States and Kings
169(2)
The Status of the Provincial Communities
171(1)
The Provincial Governors
172(1)
Conscription and Taxation in the Provinces
172(2)
The Defects of Roman Rule in the Provinces
174(1)
Attempts at Reform
175(2)
Domestic Politics in the Second Century
The Popular Assemblies
177(2)
The New Nobility
179(1)
Political Groups at Rome
180(1)
The Executive
181(1)
Reforms in the Judicial System
181(1)
Financial Administration
182(1)
The City of Rome
183(1)
Italy
183(1)
Foreign Affairs. The Army
184(2)
Roman Society in the Second Century
Agriculture
186(1)
Slave Labour on the Land
187(1)
Industry and Commerce
188(2)
Roman Private Life
190(2)
The City of Rome
192(2)
Roman and Italian Art
194(1)
Early Latin Poetry
194(2)
Early Prose Literature
196(1)
Science and Philosophy
197(1)
Religion
198(5)
PART IV THE FALL OF THE REPUBLIC
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
Tiberius Gracchus. His Political Aims
203(1)
The Gracchan Land Law
204(1)
The First Senatorial Reaction
205(1)
The First Italian Franchise Bill
206(1)
The Social Reforms of Gaius Gracchus
207(1)
The Political Legislation of Gaius Gracchus
207(2)
The Second Senatorial Reaction
209(1)
The Conquest of Narbonese Gaul
210(2)
Marius and the New Roman Army
The Restored Senatorial Government
212(1)
Affairs in the Eastern Mediterranean
213(1)
The War against Jugurtha. The First Phase
214(1)
The War against Jugurtha. Metellus and Marius
215(2)
The Invasion of the Northmen
217(2)
Saturninus and Marius's Sixth Consulship
219(3)
The Italian Wars, 91--83 B.C.
The Tribunate of Livius Drusus
222(1)
The Rebel Italian Confederacy
223(2)
The Italian War
225(1)
The Tribunate of Sulpicius Rufus
226(1)
The Capture of Rome by Sulla and by Cinna
227(1)
The Rule of Cinna
228(2)
The Temporary Monarchy of Cornelius Sulla
Events in Asia Minor to 88 B.C.
230(1)
The First Mithridatic War
231(2)
The Homecoming of Sulla
233(1)
Sulla's Settlement. The Proscriptions
234(1)
Sulla's Constitutional Legislation
235(2)
Sulla's Place in Roman History
237(2)
The Fall of the Restoration Government
Prospects for the Seventies
239(1)
The Rebellion of Lepidus and its Aftermath
240(1)
The War against Q. Sertorius
241(1)
The Slave War in Italy
242(1)
Pompey's Coup d'Etat
242(2)
Crassus, Caesar and Catiline
244(2)
The Conspiracy of Catiline
246(1)
The Concordia Ordinum of Cicero
247(1)
The First Triumvirate and Caesar's First Consulate
248(2)
The Wars of Lucullus, Pompey and Crassus
The Campaigns against the Pirates
250(1)
Lucullus's Conquests in Asia Minor
251(1)
The Campaigns of Lucullus in Armenia
252(2)
Pompey's Settlement of the East
254(1)
The Campaign of Crassus against the Parthians
255(3)
Caesar's Conquest of Gaul, and the Breakdown of the First Triumvirate
Gaul and its People
258(3)
Caesar's Advance to the Rhine and the Channel
261(1)
Caesar's Forays into Germany and Britain
262(1)
The Final Reduction of Gaul
263(2)
The First Crisis in the Triumvirate
265(1)
The Conference of Luca and the Dictatorship of Pompey
266(1)
The Second Crisis in the Triumvirate
267(3)
The Rise of Caesar to Supreme Power
The Campaigns of 49 B.C.
270(1)
Dyrrhachium and Pharsalus
271(2)
The 'Bellum Alexandrinum'
273(2)
Thapsus and Munda
275(1)
Caesar's Measures of Reconstruction
276(2)
Caesar's Foreign Policy. Miscellaneous Reforms
278(1)
Caesar's Constitutional Position
279(2)
Caesar's Personality and Achievements
281(2)
The Second Triumvirate
The Interim Administration of Antony
283(1)
The Philippics of Cicero and the War of Mutina
284(2)
Octavian's Coup d'Etat and Pact with Antony
286(2)
The Proscriptions and the Campaign of Philippi
288(2)
The Wars of Perusia and Brundisium
290(2)
Octavian's War against Sextus Pompeius
292(2)
Antony in the East
294(1)
The War of Actium
295(3)
Review of the Second Triumvirate
298(1)
Roman Society in the First Century
Changes in Roman Agriculture
299(1)
Manufactures and Trade
300(2)
Standards of Living
302(1)
Social Life
303(1)
Architecture and Art
304(4)
Latin Literature. Poetry
308(1)
Latin Prose Writers
309(2)
Science and Philosophy
311(1)
Religion
311(4)
PART V CONSOLIDATION OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
The Settlement of Augustus. Rome and Italy
The First Settlement, 29--23 B.C.
315(4)
Augustus's Second Settlement
319(2)
The New Executive
321(1)
The City of Rome
322(5)
Italy
327(1)
Social Legislation
328(1)
The Ludi Saeculares
329(2)
The Roman Empire Under Augustus
The Roman Frontiers
331(1)
Africa and the Red Sea
331(2)
Asia Minor and the Euphrates
333(1)
Western Europe
334(2)
The Danube Lands
336(2)
Military Reforms
338(1)
The Provinces
339(3)
Financial Administration
342(1)
The Succession
343(1)
Summary of Augustus's Principate
344(3)
Conclusion
347(4)
The Julio-Claudian Emperors. Internal Affairs
Tiberius (A.D. 14--37)
351(3)
Caligula (37--41)
354(1)
Claudius (41--54)
355(2)
Nero (54--68)
357(3)
Constitutional Developments
360(2)
Finance
362(1)
Rome and Italy
363(3)
The Roman Empire Under the Julio-Claudian Dynasty
Africa
366(1)
Judaea
367(1)
Armenia and Parthia
368(2)
The Danube Lands
370(1)
Germany
370(1)
The Conquest of Britain
371(3)
The Provinces
374(1)
Conclusion
375(2)
Roman Society Under the Early Roman Empire
Agriculture
377(2)
Industry and Trade
379(3)
Urban Life
382(3)
Architecture and Art
385(8)
Literature. General Conditions
393(1)
Latin Poetry
394(1)
Latin Prose
395(2)
Religion
397(5)
The 'Year of the Four Emperors'
The Revolt against Nero
402(1)
Galba
403(2)
Otho
405(1)
Vitellius
406(2)
Conclusion
408(1)
The Flavian Emperors
Personalities
409(1)
Constitutional Changes
410(2)
General Administration
412(3)
The Jewish War
415(3)
The Revolt of Civilis and Classicus
418(2)
Further Conquest in Britain
420(1)
The Rhine and Danube Frontiers
421(1)
The East
422(1)
The Provinces
423(1)
The 'Opposition' to the Flavian Emperors
423(2)
The 'Five Good Emperors'. General Administration
Personalities
425(2)
Constitutional Changes
427(2)
Municipal Government
429(1)
Imperial Finance
430(2)
The Provinces
432(2)
The 'Five Good Emperors'. External Affairs
Foreign Policy
434(1)
Africa
435(3)
Armenia and Parthia
438(1)
Judaea
439(2)
Dacia
441(2)
The Marcomannic Wars
443(1)
Britain
444(4)
The Roman Army
448(1)
Conclusion
449(2)
Roman Society From A.D. 70 to 180
Agriculture
451(2)
Industry and Trade
453(5)
The Growth of Cities
458(1)
Architecture
459(17)
Art
476(2)
Social Life
478(1)
The Spread of Latin and Greek
479(2)
Latin Poetry
481(1)
Latin Prose
481(1)
Philosophy and Religion
482(2)
The Spread of Christianity
484(2)
The Opposition to Christianity
486(2)
Conclusion
488(1)
Commodus and the Severi
The Reign of Commodus (180--192)
489(1)
The Civil Wars of 193--197
490(2)
The Military Policy of Septimius Severus
492(1)
The Internal Reforms of Septimius Severus
493(3)
Caracalla (211--217)
496(2)
Severus Alexander (222--235)
498(1)
The Severan Age
499(8)
PART VI THE DECLINE OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
The Crisis of the Empire in the Third Century
Military Anarchy in Permanence
507(2)
The Empire Invaded
509(3)
The Frontiers Restored
512(5)
Diocletian and Constantine
Diocletian and the Tetrarchy
517(3)
The Rise of Constantine
520(3)
Constantine and Licinius
523(1)
The Transition to Absolute Monarchy
524(2)
The Emperors and their Executive
526(4)
Financial Reforms
530(2)
Compulsory Service
532(1)
Defence and Army Reform
533(2)
Conclusion
535(1)
Economic, Cultural and Religious Developments
Economic Conditions
536(2)
Architecture and Art
538(4)
Social Life
542(1)
Education and Letters
543(1)
Latin and Greek Literature
543(2)
Religions
545(1)
Christianity, Persecuted and Triumphant
546(4)
The Roman Empire. Retrospect and Prospect
The End of the Empire in the West
550(1)
Decline and Fall
551(1)
Physical Causes of the Decline
552(1)
Social and Political Causes of the Decline
553(3)
Survivals of the Roman Empire
556(3)
Chronological Table 559(12)
List of Emperors 571(4)
Genealogical Tables
1. Some Cornelii, Aemilii, and Sempronii Gracchi
572(1)
2. Some Metelli, Claudii, etc.
573(1)
3. The Julio-Claudian dynasty
574(1)
Brief List of Books 575(1)
List of Abbreviations 576(1)
Notes and References 577(82)
Glossary 659(8)
Index 667

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'...a unique achievement in its genre: a masterly synthesis of a huge mass of material. It deals with the political, military, social and cultural aspects of Roman civilisation, extending over a millennium.' - KLEIO

'...we must indeed be grateful for what we have been given, which is immense. It is not often that a new edition of an old book can be hailed as a major event but this is the exception.' - Times Literary Supplement

'Almost nothing has escaped Scullard's attention, including some extremely recent items...it will be an ideal work of reference for students.' - Times Higher Education Supplement

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