ISBN-10:
0335209033
ISBN-13:
9780335209033
Pub. Date:
07/01/2001
Publisher:
Open University Press
How to Research / Edition 2

How to Research / Edition 2

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Overview

How to Research 2nd Edition is about the practice and experience of doing research in the social sciences as well as in related subjects such as education, business studies and health and social care. It is aimed at those, particularly the less experienced, who are involved in small-scale research projects at college or at work. The book is written in an original, accessible and jargon-free style using a variety of different forms of presentation to support the researcher.

How to Research 2nd Edition offers a series of useful exercises to help progress research thinking, a wide range of examples taken from a variety of subject areas, extensive annotated bibliographies for further reading, and practical hints for all stages of the research process. This new edition has been completely revised with up-to-date bibliographies and has new sections on choosing the appropriate method; internet research; and searching the internet. It will be a core text for undergraduate and postgraduate research methods courses in the social sciences and will also be invaluable for those carrying out research as part of a workplace assignment.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780335209033
Publisher: Open University Press
Publication date: 07/01/2001
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 286
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.79(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Lorraine Blaxter is based at the University of Warwick, United Kingdom, where she lectures at the School of Health and Human Studies.

Christina Hughes is a senior lecturer in the University of Warwick's sociology department.

Malcolm Tight is based at the Department of Educational Research at Lancashire University, United Kingdom.

Table of Contents

List of exercisesviii
List of boxesx
Acknowledgmentsxiv
1Thinking about research1
Introduction1
What is research?2
Why research?9
What is original?13
Truth, power and values14
How to use this book16
What is different about this edition?19
Summary19
Further reading19
2Getting started21
Introduction21
Choosing a topic22
What to do if you can't think of a topic30
Focusing34
Finding and choosing your supervisor43
Individual and group research46
Keeping your research diary48
Summary51
Further reading51
3Thinking about methods53
Introduction53
Everyday research skills54
Which method is best?59
Families, approaches and techniques62
Action research67
Case studies71
Experiments74
Surveys77
Which methods suit?79
Deciding about methods85
Summary86
Further reading87
4Reading for research97
Introduction97
Why read?98
Coping with the research literature98
Basic reading strategies100
Using libraries104
Using the Internet107
Good enough reading111
Reading about method as well as subject117
Recording your reading119
The literature review120
Issues in reading123
Summary127
Further reading128
5Managing your project130
Introduction130
Managing time131
Mapping your project133
Piloting135
Dealing with key figures and institutions137
Sharing responsibility142
Using wordprocessors and computers145
Managing not to get demoralized when things do not go as planned148
Summary150
Further reading151
6Collecting data153
Introduction153
Access and ethical issues154
Sampling and selection161
Applying techniques to data collection164
Documents167
Interviews171
Observations176
Questionnaires179
Recording your progress182
The ups and downs of data collection185
Summary188
Further reading188
7Analysing data192
Introduction192
The shape of your data193
The nature of data196
Managing your data202
Computer-based analysis203
The process of analysis205
Analysing documents207
Analysing interviews210
Analysing observations212
Analysing questionnaires215
Interpretation218
Summary222
Further reading222
8Writing up227
Introduction227
Drafting and redrafting228
How to argue234
How to criticize238
Whom am I writing for?240
Grammar, punctuation and spelling246
Using tables, diagrams and other illustrations247
Panics247
Summary250
Further reading251
9Finishing off253
Introduction253
Planning to finish?254
The penultimate and final drafts255
Added extras258
The process of assessment261
What do I do now?267
Summary269
Further reading270
References277
Index284

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