Jacques Cartier

Jacques Cartier

by Adam Woog




Hired by King Francis I of France to explore North America in order to find a northwest passage to the Pacific Ocean, Jacques Cartier arrived in Newfoundland in 1534 after sailing for a mere 20 days. His two later voyages also were successful. Cartier discovered the St. Lawrence River, a natural border existing between present-day Canada and New England, opening up the waterway for European exploration into North America. Continuing up the great river, he made contact with the North American Indian villages of Stadacona (today's Montreal) and Hochel-aga (today's Quebec City). Cartier is also credited with contributing to the creation of a lucrative trading network between the French and the North American Indians and with naming the land "Canada." Jacques Cartier is the story of the first explorer to establish a French presence in North America, an accomplishment that allowed the next generation of French sailors to create the first settlements in Canada.

Great Explorers tells the stories of some of the world's most influential figures whose quest for gold, land, and knowledge changed the course of history and created the modern globe. These books are a key resource to help students understand the stages of European exploration amid international rivalries.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781604134308
Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/01/2009
Series: Chelsea House Great Explorers Series
Pages: 112
Product dimensions: 6.70(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.50(d)
Age Range: 11 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

1 Cartier and the Rush for Exploration 6

2 The First Voyage Begins 18

3 Exploring New Territory 29

4 The Second Voyage Begins 39

5 Wintering in Stadacona 54

6 The Third Voyage Begins 65

7 The Third Voyage Ends 76

8 Carrier's Final Years 86

Chronology and Timeline 96

Glossary 99

Bibliography 101

Further Resources 102

Picture Credits 104

Index 105

About the Author 109

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