JPMorgan's Fall and Revival: How the Wave of Consolidation Changed America's Premier Bank available in Hardcover
- Pub. Date:
- Springer International Publishing
This book tells the untold story of how JPMorgan became a universal bank in the 1980s-1990s and the events leading to it being acquired by Chase in 2000. It depicts the challenges Morgan’s leaders – Lew Preston and Dennis Weatherstone – confronted when the firm’s business model was disrupted by the developing country debt crisis and premier corporate borrowers increasingly accessing capital markets, up to its current management with Jamie Dimon. It depicts what happened to Morgan in the larger story of U.S. banking consolidation.
As Morgan sought to re-enter the world of securities and navigate around Glass-Steagall barriers, their overriding goal was to ensure it would remain a pre-eminent wholesale bank serving multinational corporations. Opportunities to grow through acquisition were presented and considered, including purchasing a stake in Citibank in the early 1990s. However, Preston and Weatherstone were reluctant to integrate areas unfamiliar to Morgan such as retail banking or to assimilate cultures that were disparate from the firm’s.
This first-hand account explores whether Morgan could have stayed independent had its leaders pursued the strategic plan that called for it to make targeted acquisitions in areas where it had well-established businesses. Instead, in the mid-1990s, it went from being the hunter to the hunted. Rival banks that had been burdened by bad loans to developing countries and commercial real estate capitalized on rising share prices during the tech boom to acquire other institutions. Meanwhile, Morgan’s profits and share price lagged, which left it vulnerable.
During this time, all of the leading financial institutions struggled to change their business models. In the end, no U.S. money center bank was able to become a universal bank on its own. What ensued was a growing concentration of financial assets in a handful of institutions that was the precursor to the 2008 financial crisis, which is explored further using Morgan as a lens, in a book that is sure to interest banking and Wall Street professionals and business readers alike.
|Publisher:||Springer International Publishing|
|Edition description:||1st ed. 2020|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.00(d)|
About the Author
Nicholas P. Sargen is an international economist turned global money manager. He has been involved in international financial markets since the early 1970s, when he began his career at the U.S. Treasury and the Federal Reserve. He subsequently worked on Wall Street for 25 years, holding senior positions with Morgan Guaranty Trust, Salomon Brothers Inc., Prudential Insurance and J.P. Morgan Private Bank. In 2003 he became Chief Investment Officer for the Western & Southern Financial Group and its affiliate, Fort Washington Investment Advisors Inc., where he now serves as an economic consultant.
Sargen has written extensively on international financial markets, and he currently produces a blog on Fort Washington’s website, where his views are updated. He appeared frequently on business television programs throughout his career on Wall Street, and was a regular panelist on Louis Rukeyser’s Wall Street Week. He was born and raised in the San Francisco Bay Area, and received a PhD in Economics from Stanford University.
Table of ContentsPart I. Glory Days
Chapter 1. 23 Wall Street
Chapter 2. A Private Club
Chapter 3. Preston in Charge
Chapter 4. Market Shocks
Chapter 5. Crisis Erupts
Chapter 6. Time to Say Goodbye
Part II. Formulating the Plan
Chapter 7. Origins of Morgan’s Transformation
Chapter 8. Buy or Build?
Chapter 9. Industry Shakeup
Chapter 10. Should Morgan Rescue Citi?
Chapter 11. Preston Passes the Baton
Chapter 12. Preston’s Legacy
Part III. Executing the Plan
Chapter 13. Taking Stock
Chapter 14. Risk Management and Derivatives
Chapter 15. Strategic Challenges
Chapter 16. A Chance Encounter
Part IV. Playing Defense
Chapter 17. 9W 57
Chapter 18. Technology and the New Economy
Chapter 19. Three Ring Circus
Chapter 20. Market Frenzy
Chapter 21. 2000 MDs Convocation
Chapter 22. Why Morgan Matters