by James MacGregor Burns


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"A landmark historian" (Jon Meacham), James MacGregor Burns, winner of both the Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award, devoted his legendary career to the study of leadership in all its aspects—from politics to business. Leadership, Burns's pioneering study, introduces the highly influential theory of "transformational leadership," stating that the best leaders are those who inspire others to come together toward the achievement of higher aims. Featuring fascinating case studies drawn from history, Leadership is the classic text for anyone seeking to understand executive decision-making, the dynamics of influence, and moral leadership.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780061965579
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
Publication date: 03/30/2010
Series: Harper Perennial Political Classics
Pages: 530
Sales rank: 241,481
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

James MacGregor Burns (1918-2014) received his doctorate in political science from Harvard. In 1971, Burns won the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award for his biography Roosevelt: Soldier of Freedom. He was a former president of the American Political Science Association, a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and served as Distinguished Leadership Scholar at the Academy of Leadership that bears his name at the School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland.

Table of Contents

Prologue: The Crisis of Leadership 1

Part I Leadership: Power and Purpose

1 The Power of Leadership 9

The Two Essentials of Power 12

Leadership and Followership 18

What Leadership Is Not: Closing the Intellectual Gap 23

2 The Structure of Moral Leadership 29

The Power and Sources of Values 30

Conflict and Consciousness 36

The Elevating Power of Leadership 41

Part II Origins of Leadership

3 The Psychological Matrix of Leadership 49

The Cocoon of Personality 53

The Wellsprings of Want 61

The Transmutation of Need 68

The Hierarchies of Need and Value 72

4 The Social Sources of Leadership 81

The Family as Imperium 82

Political Schooling 85

Self-esteem, Social Role, and Empathy 94

5 The Crucibles of Political Leadership 105

The Spur of Ambition 106

The Need for Gratification 112

Openings and Closures: The Structure of Political Opportunity 119

The Creation of Followers 129

Part III Transforming Leadership

6 Intellectual Leadership; Ideas as Moral Power 141

Intellectuals at the Tension Points 143

Liberty and Power 148

Intellectuals and the Nature of Liberty 157

The Intellectual Test of Transforming Power 163

7 Reform Leadership 169

Great Britain: The Insistent Particularists 172

Russia: Reform from Above 181

Reform in America: Dilemmas of Transforming Leadership 190

8 Revolutionary Leadership 201

France: The Maelstrom of Leadership 205

Russia: The Vocation of Leadership 215

China: The Cult of Leadership 228

9 Heroes and Ideologues 241

Heroic Leadership 243

Ideological Leadership 248

Leadership as Transformation 252

Part IV Transactional Leadership

10 Opinion Leadership: The Missing Piece of the Puzzle 257

Arousal: The Mobilization of Political Opinion 259

Aggregation: The Alignment of Opinion 265

Voting: The Conversion of Opinion 274

11 Group Leadership: Bargainers and Bureaucrats 287

The Leadership of Small Groups 289

Bureaucracy Versus Leadership 295

Leadership in Political Interest Groups 302

12 Party Leadership 308

Parties: Conflict and Leadership 311

Party Leaders and Government Leaders 315

One-Party Leadership 329

Party Leadership: Power and Change 337

13 Legislative Leadership: The Price of Consensus 344

The Legislator as Leader 346

Group Leadership and Legislative Structure 355

Central Legislative Leadership 363

14 Executive Leadership 369

The Political Executive: Power and Purpose 371

The Executive Leader as Decision Maker 378

The American President as Executive Leader 385

Part V Implications: Theory and Practice

15 Decision and Change 401

The Leader as Policy Maker 404

Decision and Dissent 407

The Test: Real, Intended Change 413

16 Toward a General Theory 422

Leadership and Collective Purpose 425

Leadership as Causation 433

Leadership and Change 439

17 Political Leadership as Practical Influence 444

Teaching Leadership or Manipulation? 446

The Armament of Leadership 451

Leadership: Of Whom? To What? 457

Acknowledgments 465

Sources 467

Index 509

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