A Lesson before Dying

A Lesson before Dying

by Ernest J. Gaines


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“This majestic, moving novel is an instant classic, a book that will be read, discussed and taught beyond the rest of our lives.”—Chicago Tribune

Winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award, A Lesson Before Dying is a deep and compassionate novel about a young man who returns to 1940s Cajun country to visit a black youth on death row for a crime he didn't commit. Together they come to understand the heroism of resisting.

From the critically acclaimed author of A Gathering of Old Men and The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780375702709
Publisher: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
Publication date: 09/28/1997
Series: Vintage Contemporaries Series
Pages: 272
Sales rank: 7,477
Product dimensions: 7.98(w) x 5.32(h) x 0.58(d)

About the Author

Ernest Gaines was born on a plantation in Pointe Coupée Parish near New Roads, Louisiana, which is the Bayonne of all his fictional works. He is writer-in-residence emeritus at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. In 1993 Gaines received the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Fellowship for his lifetime achievements. In 1996 he was named a Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, one of France’s highest decorations. He and his wife, Dianne, live in Oscar, Louisiana.

Read an Excerpt

I was not there, yet I was there. No, I did not go to the trial, I did not hear the verdict, because I knew all the time what it would be. Still, I was there. I was there as much as anyone else was there. Either I sat behind my aunt and his godmother or I sat beside them. Both are large women, but his godmother is larger. She is of average height, five four, five five, but weighs nearly two hundred pounds. Once she and my aunt had found their places—two rows behind the table where he sat with his court-appointed attorney—his godmother became as immobile as a great stone or as one of our oak or cypress stumps. She never got up once to get water or go to the bathroom down in the basement. She just sat there staring at the boy's clean-cropped head where he sat at the front table with his lawyer. Even after he had gone to await the jurors' verdict, her eyes remained in that one direction. She heard nothing said in the courtroom. Not by the prosecutor, not by the defense attorney, not by my aunt. (Oh, yes, she did hear one word—one word, for sure: "hog.") It was my aunt whose eyes followed the prosecutor as he moved from one side of the courtroom to the other, pounding his fist into the palm of his hand, pounding the table where his papers lay, pounding the rail that separated the jurors from the rest of the courtroom. It was my aunt who followed his every move, not his godmother. She was not even listening. She had gotten tired of listening, She knew, as we all knew, what the outcome would be. A white man had been killed during a robbery, and though two of the robbers had been killed on the spot, one had been captured, and he, too, would have to die. Though he told them no, he had nothing to do with it, that he was on his way to the White Rabbit Bar and Lounge when Brother and Bear drove up beside him and offered him a ride. After he got into the car, they asked him if he had any money. When he told them he didn't have a solitary dime, it was then that Brother and Bear started talking credit, saying that old Gropé should not mind crediting them a pint since he knew them well, and he knew that the grinding season was coming soon, and they would be able to pay him back then.

The store was empty, except for the old storekeeper, Alcee Gropé, who sat on a stool behind the counter. He spoke first. He asked Jefferson about his godmother. Jefferson told him his nannan was all right. Old Gropé nodded his head. "You tell her for me I say hello," he told Jefferson. He looked at Brother and Bear. But he didn't like them. He didn't trust them. Jefferson could see that in his face. "Do for you boys?" he asked. "A bottle of that Apple White, there, Mr. Gropé" Bear said. Old Gropé got the bottle off the shelf, but he did not set it on the counter. He could see that the boys had already been drinking, and he became suspicious. "You boys got money?" he asked. Brother and Bear spread out all the money they had in their pockets on top of the counter. Old Gropé counted it with his eyes. "That's not enough," he said. "Come on, now, Mr. Gropé," they pleaded with him. "You know you go'n get your money soon as grinding start." "No," he said. "Money is slack everywhere. You bring the money, you get your wine." He turned to put the bottle back on the shelf. One of the boys, the one called Bear, started around the counter."You, stop there," Gropé told him. "Go back." Bear had been drinking, and his eyes were glossy, he walked unsteadily, grinning all the time as he continued around the counter. "Go back," Gropé told him. "I mean, the last time now—go back." Bear continued. Gropé moved quickly toward the cash register, where he withdrew a revolver and started shooting. Soon there was shooting from another direction. When it was quiet again, Bear, Gropé, and Brother were all down on the floor, and only Jefferson was standing.

He wanted to run, but he couldn't run. He couldn't even think. He didn't know where he was. He didn't know how he had gotten there. He couldn't remember ever getting into the car. He couldn't remember a thing he had done all day.

He heard a voice calling. He thought the voice was coming from the liquor shelves. Then he realized that old Gropé was not dead, and that it was he who was calling. He made himself go to the end of the counter. He had to look across Bear to see the storekeeper. Both lay between the counter and the shelves of alcohol. Several bottles had broken, and alcohol and blood covered their bodies as well as the floor. He stood there gaping at the old man slumped against the bottom shelf of gallons and half gallons of wine. He didn't know whether he should go to him or whether he should run out of there. The old man continued to call: "Boy? Boy? Boy?" Jefferson became frightened. The old man was still alive. He had seen him. He would tell on him. Now he started babbling. "It wasn't me. It wasn't me, Mr. Gropé. It was Brother and Bear. Brother shot you. It wasn't me. They made me come with them. You got to tell the law that, Mr. Gropé. You hear me Mr. Gropé?"

But he was talking to a dead man.

Still he did not run. He didn't know what to do. He didn't believe that this had happened. Again he couldn't remember how he had gotten there. He didn't know whether he had come there with Brother and Bear, or whether he had walked in and seen all this after it happened.

He looked from one dead body to the other. He didn't know whether he should call someone on the telephone or run. He had never dialed a telephone in his life, but he had seen other people use them. He didn't know what to do. He was standing by the liquor shelf, and suddenly he realized he needed a drink and needed it badly. He snatched a bottle off the shelf, wrung off the cap, and turned up the bottle, all in one continuous motion. The whiskey burned him like fire—his chest, his belly, even his nostrils. His eyes watered; he shook his head to clear his mind. Now he began to realize where he was. Now he began to realize fully what had happened. Now he knew he had to get out of there. He turned. He saw the money in the cash register, under the little wire clamps. He knew taking money was wrong. His nannan had told him never to steal. He didn't want to steal. But he didn't have a solitary dime in his pocket. And nobody was around, so who could say he stole it? Surely not one of the dead men.

He was halfway across the room, the money stuffed inside his jacket pocket, the half bottle of whiskey clutched in his hand, when two white men walked into the store.

That was his story.

The prosecutor's story was different. The prosecutor argued that Jefferson and the other two had gone there with the full intention of robbing the old man and killing him so that he could not identify them. When the old man and the other two robbers were all dead, this one—it proved the kind of animal he really was—stuffed the money into his pockets and celebrated the event by drinking over their still-bleeding bodies.

The defense argued that Jefferson was innocent of all charges except being at the wrong place at the wrong time. There was absolutely no proof that there had been a conspiracy between himself and the other two. The fact that Mr. Gropé shot only Brother and Bear was proof of Jefferson's innocence. Why did Mr. Gropé shoot one boy twice and never shoot at Jefferson once? Because Jefferson was merely an innocent bystander. He took the whiskey to calm his nerves, not to celebrate. He took the money out of hunger and plain stupidity.

"Gentlemen of the jury, look at this—this—this boy. I almost said man, but I can't say man. Oh, sure, he has reached the age of twenty-one, when we, civilized men, consider the male species has reached manhood, but would you call this—this—this a man? No, not I. I would call it a boy and a fool. A fool is not aware of right and wrong. A fool does what others tell him to do. A fool got into that automobile. A man with a modicum of intelligence would have seen that those racketeers meant no good. But not a fool. A fool got into that automobile. A fool rode to the grocery store. A fool stood by and watched this happen, not having the sense to run.

"Gentlemen of the jury, look at him—look at him—look that this. Do you see a man sitting here? I ask you, I implore, look carefully—do you see a man sitting here? Look at the shape of this skull, this face as flat as the palm of my hand—look deeply into those eyes. Do you see a modicum of intelligence? Do you see anyone here who could plan a murder, a robbery, can plan—can plan—can plan anything? A cornered animal to strike quickly out of fear, a trait inherited from his ancestors in the deepest jungle of blackest Africa—yes, yes, that he can do—but to plan? To plan, gentlemen of the jury? No, gentlemen, this skull here holds no plans. What you see here is a thing that acts on command. A thing to hold the handle of a plow, a thing to load your bales of cotton, a thing to dig your ditches, to chop your wood, to pull your corn. That is what you see here, but you do not see anything capable of planning a robbery or a murder. He does not even know the size of his clothes or his shoes. Ask him to name the months of the year. Ask him does Christmas come before or after the Fourth of July? Mention the names of Keats, Byron, Scott, and see whether the eyes will show one moment of recognition. Ask him to describe a rose, to quote one passage from the Constitution or the Bill of Rights. Gentlemen of the jury, this man planned a robbery? Oh, pardon me, pardon me, I surely did not mean to insult your intelligence by saying 'man'—would you please forgive me for committing such an error?

"Gentlemen of the jury, who would be hurt if you took this life? Look back to that second row. Please look. I want all twelve of you honorable men to turn your heads and look back to that second row. What you see there has been everything to him—mama, grandmother, godmother—everything. Look at her, gentlemen of the jury, look at her well. Take this away from her, and she has no reason to go on living. We may see him as not much, but he's her reason for existence. Think on that, gentlemen, think on it.

"Gentlemen of the jury, be merciful. For God's sake, be merciful. He is innocent of all charges brought against him.

"But let us say he was not. Let us for a moment say he was not. What justice would there be to take this life? Justice, gentlemen,? Why, I would just as soon put a hog in the electric chair as this.

"I thank you, gentlemen, from the bottom of my heart, for your kind patience. I have no more to say, except this: We must live with our own conscience. Each and every one of us must live with his own conscience."

The jury retired, and it returned a verdict after lunch: guilty of robbery and murder in the first degree. The judge commended the twelve white men for reaching a quick and just verdict. This was Friday. He would pass sentence on Monday.

Ten o'clock on Monday, Miss Emma and my aunt sat in the same seats they had occupied on Friday. Reverend Mose Ambrose, the pastor of their church, was with them., He and my aunt sat on either side of Miss Emma. The judge, a short, red-faced man with snow-white hair and thick black eyebrows, asked Jefferson if he had anything to say before the sentencing. My aunt said that Jefferson was looking down at the floor and shook his head. The judge told Jefferson that he had been found guilty of the charges brought against him, and that the judge saw no reason that he should not pay for the part he played in this horrible crime.

Death by electrocution. The governor would set the date.

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

"This majestic, moving novel is an instant classic, a book that will be read, discussed and taught beyond the rest of our lives."- Chicago Tribune

"A Lesson Before Dying reconfirms Ernest J. Gaines's position as an important American writer."- Boston Globe

"Enormously moving... Gaines unerringly evokes the place and time about which he writes."- Los Angeles Times

Reading Group Guide

The questions, discussion topics, and author biography that follow are designed to enhance your group's reading of Ernest J. Gaines's A Lesson Before Dying. We hope that they will provide you with multiple ways of looking at—and talking about—a novel whose eloquence, thematic richness, and moral resonance have called forth comparisons to the work of Richard Wright, James Baldwin, and William Faulkner. In a story so simple that it might be a lost parable from the Gospels, Gaines has compressed the entire bitter history of black people in the South—and, by extension, in America as a whole.

1. All the characters in A Lesson Before Dying are motivated by a single word: "hog." Jefferson's attorney has compared him to a hog; Miss Emma wants Grant to prove that her godson is not a hog; and Jefferson at first eats the food she has sent him on his knees, because "that's how a old hog eat." How are words used both to humiliate and to redeem the characters in this novel?

2. . Grant's task is to affirm that Jefferson is not a hog, but a man. The mission is doubly difficult because Grant isn't sure he knows what a man is. What definition of manhood, or humanity, does A Lesson Before Dying provide? Why is manhood a subversive notion within the book's milieu?

3. At various points in the book Gaines draws analogies between Jefferson and Jesus. One of the first questions Jefferson asks his tutor concerns the significance of Christmas: "That's when He was born, or that's when he died?" Jefferson is executed eight days after Easter. In what other ways is this parallel developed? In particular, discuss the scriptural connotations of the word "lesson."

4. For all the book's religious symbolism, the central character is a man without faith. Grant's refusal to attend church has deeply hurt his aunt and antagonized Reverend Ambrose, whose religion Grant at first dismisses as a sham. Yet at the book's climax he admits that Ambrose "is braver than I," and he has his pupils pray in the hours before Jefferson's death. What kind of faith does Grant acquire in the course of this book? Why does the Reverend emerge as the stronger of the two men?

5. One of the novel's paradoxes is that Ambrose's faith—which Grant rejects because it is also the white man's—enables him to stand up against the white man's "justice." How do we resolve this paradox? How has faith served African-Americans as a source of personal empowerment and an axis of communal resistance?

6. Grant believes that black men in Louisiana have only three choices: to die violently, to be "brought down to the level of beasts," or "to run and run." How does the way in which Gaines articulates these grim choices—and suggests an alternative to them—make A Lesson Before Dying applicable not only to Louisiana in 1948 but to the United States in the 1990s?

7. Women play a significant role in the book. Examine the scenes between Grant and Tante Lou, Grant and Vivian, and Jefferson and Miss Emma, and discuss the impetus that Gaines's women provide his male characters. In what ways do these interactions reflect the roles of black women within their families and in African-American society?

8. A Lesson Before Dying is concerned with obligation and commitment. Discuss this theme as it emerges in the exchanges between Emma Glenn and the Pichots, Grant and Vivian, and Grant and the Reverend Ambrose. What are the debts these people owe each other? In what ways do they variously try to honor, evade, or exploit them?

9. Like Faulkner and Joyce, Gaines has been acclaimed for his evocation of place. In A Lesson Before Dying his accomplishment is all the more impressive because of the book's brevity. What details in this book evoke its setting, and what is the relation between its setting and its themes?

10. From the manslaughter that begins this novel to the judicial murder at its close, death is a constant presence in A Lesson Before Dying. We are repeatedly reminded of all the untimely, violent deaths that have preceded Jefferson's and, in all likelihood, will follow it. Why then is Jefferson's death so disturbing to this book's black characters, and even to some of its white ones? What does Jefferson's death accomplish that his life could not?

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A Lesson before Dying 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 330 reviews.
Fully More than 1 year ago
This is a modern day classic. I've read and taught this book since 1998. I never get tired of the story and I constantly find new facets of the book that I am just now seeing. From the Christ figure of Jefferson to Grant's ambiguous atheism, Gaines takes an interesting look at the problems of faith for black men in the 1940's Deep South. Also, Grant's journey to manhood parallels Jefferson's. Could either of them have done it without the other? Their are other themes present as well: Human dignity, Community Responsibility, Running away from one's problems,and Universality are some of them. I've found that I learn something from this book every single time I read it with my classes. The humanity of Jefferson's diary always moves my students. Even though Jefferson isn't an educated, or even a smart man, he is still a man deserving of dignity and decency and justice. While seeming to be a rather dark subject, A Lesson Before Dying is an uplifting story of hope and redemption. I can't imagine not having this book in my classroom.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
A Lesson Before Dying is a book about a mentally retarded man, Jefferson. Jefferson is wrongly convicted of a murder. He is called a 'hog' during his trail. His aunt, Miss Emma, wants him to become a man before he dies. Miss Emma asked the community's teacher, Grant, to make her son a man before his execution.
Grant is left with an enormous task when he reluctantly agreed. Grant has to break down the barriers surrounding Jefferson, who refuses to eat and talk to his visitors, but in the end, two complete opposite people become the best of friends.
I really enjoyed this book. It has a moving plot that makes you think about the life you are living. At times in the middle of the book it got a little tedious waiting for the end, but it picked up speed again toward the end of the story.
This book is a historical fiction book set in the 1940's while whites still had the upper hand. This book is for advanced young adults readers and older.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This has got to be one of the best works of fiction that I have ever read. Some of the most beautiful and moving passages ever written -- especially the writings by Jefferson. Felt like I was there. Unforgettable!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This book taught me what true shame is about, but it also taught me humility and strength.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Amazing book. I have read it several times.  The first was when I was in high school.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
I'm reading this in class, and it is really suprising. I love the concept of the story and the plot. The movie is also something to look foward to, but it may look boring but I thought it would be good read because i have black/ french heritage so i could relate ancestors with this novel!
jsiriann More than 1 year ago
This book was great,I recommend this to anyone that can relate to the coming of age. This novel brings you to a small town in the southern states in the 1940's. A uneducated black man named Jefferson is in the middle of a shootout, where Jefferson is the only survivor. Jefferson is put on trial for murder, and as Jefferson and his friends and family are put though life changing events where they learn about each other and their ideals. Jefferson learns about heroism and how some push to be a hero and some fail to try.
Duker79 More than 1 year ago
This was a great book I really enjoyed this book it was an easy read and I could not put it down once I started! I originally picked this book up because I read the first chapter on an online review page and on this website you are limited to one chapter so after I had read the first chapter I was hooked on the book I tried to get the book as soon as possible so I could read it. I loved this book so much that I would be willing to read this book a second time and I have never considered reading a book twice that is how much I loved this book. Throughout the book Jefferson displays the theme of redemption in death. At the end of the novel Jefferson redeems himself in front of his community because he defies his society that tells him that he is a hog but instead of acting like the hog that everyone says he is he makes his community proud by standing strong at the execution being the "strongest man in the room." This novel is a heart wrenching book that made me feel for Grant Wiggins, Jefferson and Jefferson's friends and family and at points made me wanted to cry. The only thing I did not like about this book was that it went into extreme detail for instance the author would explain what the characters were eating and it said things that were not important sometimes, but other than that Ernest J. Gaines is a brilliant author. This book should be considered a classic literature but I do not think that it should be taught in high schools just because it had some bad parts and some not so good language it is definitely considered a young adult book it has some mature themes in it. One of the many things that I liked about this book is how much smarter Jefferson is than everyone gives him credit for. One thing that I like about the main character Grant Wiggins is that he never calls himself a teacher but in the end he teaches a "hog" to be a man and is a very smart man. One thing that I would change about this book is just not putting in every detail about Grant Wiggins and Vivian's relationship because I did not see how it tied into the story. This book reminds me of the movie The Green Mile. The Green Mile is about a guard who works in the jail for the people that are going to be executed. Tom Hanks plays a character that feels bad for a jailer that is to be soon executed. This movie reminds me of this book because there is a guard in there named Paul and he is emotionally compensated about the execution of Jefferson. This book has been a truly inspiring book it has taught me many life lessons for instance choose wisely on the people you hang out with it might cost your life.
AKitow13 More than 1 year ago
I really enjoyed reading this book, It is a very detailed book where the words make you feel like you are there with Grant and Jefferson. A Lesson before Dying really wants you to see how the struggle was for a black man back in that time period and it does a great job of doing so. A Lesson before Dying has a very slow start, but as you get more into the book you get to know Jefferson a but more. Grant also really lets you know how he feels about the town, the situation he's in, and he gets deeper about himself towards the ending of the book. I actually really enjoyed reading this book and would definitely recommend that you read it!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This book was amazing. It is a very detailed book about a young black man who found himself in the wrong place at the wrong time. The book shows how much prejudice during the Jim Crow Days on the way black people were treated. While still having an education he is still treated poorly. It's sad, but both uplifting and powerful in the message it sends.
AKitow13 More than 1 year ago
I really enjoyed reading this book, It is a very detailed book where the words make you feel like you are there with Grant and Jefferson. A Lesson before Dying really wants you to see how the struggle was for a black man back in that time period and it does a great job of doing so. A Lesson before Dying has a very slow start, but as you get more into the book you get to know Jefferson a but more. Grant also really lets you know how he feels about the town, the situation he's in, and he gets deeper about himself towards the ending of the book. I actually really enjoyed reading this book and would definitely recommend that you read it!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
anneofia on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
In a small town in Louisiana during the 1940s, a young black man is convicted for the murder of a white shopkeeper. Although he was present at the robbery, he was not the one who pulled the trigger. Nevertheless he was give the death penalty. Grant Wiggins, the town's black schoolmaster, is asked to visit with Jefferson in jail, to help him prepare for the inevitable, and be ready to die with dignity. Although Grant resents being asked, he does visit with Jefferson, and in the end, both learn from each other some important life lessons. Gaines' novel is a powerful indictment against the racial injustice of the 40s, and which still lingers today. The book has some strong, unforgettable characters, and the story is compelling, although uncomfortable. It really made me rethink my ideas about the death penalty. It's not a book I would have ordinarily have picked up - I read it for a discussion group - but I'm so glad I read it.
CutestLilBookworm on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This book touched me deeply and actually moved me to tears. I listened to the audio version, and was impressed by the readers ability to effectively imitate that old southern drawl; altered ever so subtlety depending on the character. It really heightened my ability to visualize the characters, place and time. The story itself, touched on so many aspects of the human condition for that time period, yet many of the concepts remain relevant today. Teacher Wiggins, flawed as he was imparted a lesson to Jefferson about being a man, having empathy, and putting others first--all traits he himself desperately wanted to build upon in himself. It tells of his internal struggle, and the intense reciprocity of he and Jefferson's relationship. Short as this story was, I find it did not need to be much longer. It did not belabor the issue or become overly philosophical. It cut straight to the chase, moved quickly and offered an in-depth snapshot of the behaviors, beliefs, and customs of that particular point in time. Excellent book on a number of levels.
missyr46 on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
easy to read book about a boy who is charged for murder and is called a hog. The boy¿s Godmother asks a man named Grant, the town¿s teacher, to make him a man before he dies. This is a wonderful story about the importance of dignity and self esteem as well as pride.
jaseD on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Another book that moved me. Even in adversity the human spirit and friendship is still powerful.
walkonmyearth on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Grant Wiggins was living in a place he didn¿t want to be and using his college education for what? On weekends and evenings, he listened to the predictability of church services that took the place of his predictable students by day in the same building. Grant felt the pressure of silent guilt trips and verbal pleas by his Tante Lou and Miss Emma. These formidable elderly women insisted that Grant visit Miss Emma¿s godson, Jefferson, in jail while Jefferson awaited death by electrocution. Emma¿s plea was that Jefferson not go like a hog to his death, but walk like a man, with self-respect. She believed that Grant could imbue him with that self-respect.While his aunt might hold stock in Grant¿s being a teacher, he summed up his 1940s plantation existence with, ¿Yes, I¿m the teacher¿.And I teach what the white folks around here tell me to teach ¿ reading, writing, and `rithmetic. They never told me how to keep a black boy out of a liquor store.¿ So suffocated by the sanctions set by the `white folks¿, Reverend Ambrose, and the imposed moral codes by which his aunt expected him to abide, Grant often escaped to the nearby Bayonne and his love, Vivian¿so he `could breathe¿.Grant concedes to visit Jefferson in jail. He appears to feel most strongly about not wanting to be there. It seems that its his logic rather than any empathy or feeling is the only connection that Grant can create. Underlying in this story, I felt that Grant was more emotionally dead than Jefferson. Both men seemed resigned to their fates. Through the radio and the act of giving the radio; through the expectations of Jefferson having something to write in the journal; and through the expectations Jefferson and Grant disclosed of each other, both men seemed to reach toward each other and learn about themselves as well as what it means to be human.Ernest Gaines, in this award winning novel (National Book Critics Circle Award for Fiction, 1993), introduces a meld of characters and builds on their relationships as well as individual personalities. Nor does he free the reader from reflection on socially conscious decisions. Grant experiences internal conflicts, verbal sparring with Tante Lou and Reverend Ambrose, and more subtle posing with Vivian, his escape and salvation.Reverend Ambrose and Grant, at times, appear to be in competition ¿ whose methods will win? What¿s the prize? Is it peace of mind for Jefferson or his godmother, Miss Emma? Is it Jefferson¿s personal faith salvation? Is it, for either Ambrose or Grant, feeding an ego in being able to claim glory in giving direction to Jefferson in how best to walk to his death? There are so many questions and conflicts in the relationships in this rural area of segregation and white power. Deputy Bonin, who reaches out to Jefferson and Grant, but still has to be careful of lines drawn. The prisoners and their perceptions of Grant as he visits with Jefferson and delivers comfort food, a notebook and a radio. Ambrose and Grant face off several times. ¿Kneel while standing¿ presents a heavy philosophical and race question for both men. Two constant themes are Grant¿s beliefs, and what part in his life religion plays or doesn¿t play. Ambrose and Grant hold their own judgments of each other. At times they become verbal adversaries:Ambrose: ¿You hear me talking. But are you listening? You know nothing¿not even yourself.¿ Ambrose insists that he is the one (not Grant) who is truly educated ¿ in the ways of people. He shuns Grants classroom methods. He rails at Grant. The two men face each other, adversarial and defending their differences in meanings of words ¿ what it means to be a man, to be educated, to be `lost¿, the purpose of `righteous¿ lying.Everyone is in pain, everyone is hurting, sometimes more conscious than at other times; more concerned with one¿s own temporary pain than another¿s death. This book confronts the reader, not with the morality of the death penalty, but how one dies and how one lives. An
mrsdwilliams on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Set in the fictional town of Bayonne, Louisiana in the late 1940s. Two African American men, proundly different, are both struggling to be men in a racist society. Uneducated Jefferson witnesses the murder of a white storekeeper during a robbery. The perpetrators are also killed, and Jefferson is put on trial for murder. In Jefferson's defense, his lawyer says not that Jefferson is innocent, but that killing him would be like slaughtering a hog. The all white jury is not swayed by this argument and sentences him to death in the electric chair. Jefferson's godmother, who raised him, asks a black school teacher, Grant Wiggins, to visit Jefferson in jail and help him to face his death with dignity.Grant longs to leave the South and is unwilling to take his task seriously. He really doesn't believe it will make a difference. After all, though he is well-educated, he still feels bound and limited by the same racist attitudes that resulted in Jefferson's conviction and death sentence. Eventually, however, the two men form a bond that transforms them both.Heart-wrenching and thought-provoking. A MUST READ.
sushidog on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
While it was satisfying, it was satisfying in an entirely predictable way. You knew the teacher was going to learn more about himself than the prisoner. There were no surprises. It was like a template.
TooBusyReading on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
A young black man, Jefferson, is with two other men who commit a robbery and people are killed and Jefferson is tried and sentenced to be executed. Sad, straightforward plot.Because I don't like to know too much about a story before I read it for myself, I didn't know that the setting was 1940s Louisiana, so was appalled in the first few pages that Jefferson had such an unfair trial where even his defending counsel was racist. But...1940s Louisiana...no, this is not an unrealistic situation, it was all too common.Grant Wiggins, the local teacher who is telling the story, is not very likeable, mostly because he doesn't like himself. He is educated, he is sometimes brutal to his students, and he has let life be sucked out of him, he is trapped. And he is a most unlikely person to be given the task of helping Jefferson learn to be a man before he is executed.Some of the dialogue is written in huge paragraphs, the speakers bouncing back and forth multiple times in the same paragraph, and it was hard to understand. I don't know why it was written that way when most of the dialogue is written traditionally. There were several pages written as a minimally educated person would write, and those took some time to understand, enough interpretation that it took away from what the person was truly saying.I wanted to know more about Jefferson earlier in the book, but he was revealed slowly, as Grant learned more about him, and more about himself. For the most part, I liked the characterization but a couple of people felt too much like stereotypes to me. The story was touching and sad and, as fiction, all too real.
ekelly27 on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Although it's well written and a relatively easy read, it leaves a little to be desired when it comes to character development. Although the characters do mature as the story goes on, they weren't likable to begin with and they're not any more likable at the end. Since I was not connected with the characters I found I didn't really care about the plot.
kayceel on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Excellent and very unsettling, I was reluctant to read this at first. (Read it for a personal book club)I am glad I read this, and *really* wish I had been able to make it to the discussion! really makes one question faith, what it means to be "human," racism, freedom, and our nation's ugly history of slavery and inequality.Highly recommended!
EBT1002 on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Beautifully brutal, brutally beautiful. I read this novel for a TIOLI challenge; it's from the syllabus of a "Multicultural American Lit" class being taught at Eastern Illinois University this semester. Jefferson, a Black man who is in the wrong place at the wrong time, ends up sentenced to death in Jim Crow (1948) Louisiana. Grant Wiggins is sent by his aunt and Jefferson's godmother to try to help Jefferson become a man before he dies (as well as possibly save his soul). Grant's love for his aunt and his respect for Miss Emma (Jefferson's godmother) lead him to visit Jefferson in jail and try to help him gain some dignity. The novel is really about Grant's own anguished exploration of what it means to be a Black man in a time and place where the behavioral expectations are completely focused on erasing any shred of self-determination and dignity he might otherwise have, as much as it's about Jefferson's transformation from a silent, self-loathing, self-pitying man to one with self-respect and a paradoxical sense of hope even as he faces his own death. The novel packs an emotional punch and I couldn't put it down. It's worth reading more than once.
jwhenderson on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This is a very inspirational book. I recently saw a reading of a stage adaptation and it did not lose its emotional power. A young man who returns to 1940s Cajun country to teach visits a black youth on death row for a crime he didn't commit. Together they come to understand the heroism of resisting. Each must learn a lot about himself. The teacher, Grant Wiggins, believes that he must get away from that town, that country, as soon as possible. "I was not there, yet I was there. No, I did not go to the trial, I did not hear the verdict, because I knew all the time what it would be..." But he is coerced into visiting the young prisoner, Jefferson, who is confined by the law to an iron-barred cell. Jefferson's grandmother, Miss Emma, begs Grant for one last favor: to teach her grandson to die like a man. As Grant and Jefferson meet and talk they begin to realize the nature of the bonds that hold them and how, perhaps they can both learn about themselves. This is a book of inspiration for those who read and believe in the power of words. But it is also a testament to the belief that you can choose to cause your own change.