The decentralization of control over the vast forests of the world is moving at a rapid pace, with both positive and negative ramifications for people and forests themselves. The fresh research from a host of Asia-Pacific countries described in this book presents rich and varied experience with decentralization and provides important lessons for other regions. Beginning with historical and geographical overview chapters, the book proceeds to more in-depth coverage of the region's countries.
Research findings stress rights, roles and responsibilities on the one hand, and organization, capacity-building, infrastructure and legal aspects on the other. With these overarching themes in mind, the authors take on many controversial topics and address practical challenges related to financing and reinvestment in sustainable forest management under decentralized governance. Particular efforts have been made to examine decentralization scales from the local to the national, and to address gender issues. The result is a unique examination of decentralization issues in forestry with clear lessons for policy, social equity, forest management, research, development and conservation in forested areas across the globe from the tropics to temperate regions.
Published with CIFOR
About the Author
Carol J. Pierce Colfer is a Principal Scientist in the Forests and Governance Program at the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), in Bogor, Indonesia.
Ganga Ram Dahal is a Post Doctoral Research Fellow in the same programme, and Doris Capistrano is Director of Forests and Governance at CIFOR, Indonesia.
Table of Contents
1. Setting the Stage: Money and Justice in Asian and Pacific Forests
Carol J. Pierce Colfer, Ganga Ram Dahal and Moira Moeliono
2. From Decentralization to Governance: Recurring Issues
3. Governance, Tenure and Equity in Asia-Pacific Forests
4. A Different Vantage Point: Decentralization, Women's Organizing and Local Forest Management
5. Community Forestry in Nepal: Decentralized Forest Governance
Ganga Ram Dahal and Apsara Chapagain
6. Policies and Programme to Make Decentralization Effective: A Case Study from China
7. Forest Fire Management and Autonomy in the Republic of Korea
Byoung Il Yoo
8. The Gap between Policy and Practice in Lao PDR
Yayoi Fujita and Kaisone Phengsopha
9. Consultative Planning for Effective Forest Governance: Case Studies from Malaysia and Indonesia
Efransjah, Petrus Gunarso, Che Hashim bin Hassan and Kresno D. Santosa
10. Implementing Decentralization: Lessons from Experiences in Indonesia
11. Devolved and Decentralized Forest Management in the Philippines: Triggers and Constraints in Investments
Ernesto S. Guiang, Ferdinand Esguerra and Domingo Bacalla
12. The Household Economy and Decentralization of Forest Management in Vietnam
Tan Quang Nguyen
13. Decentralization and Forest Governance in Asia and the Pacific: Trends, Lessons and Continuing Challenges