Technology, a product of science, is pushing against the linear boundaries of traditional storytelling. Moving in the direction of multiform stories and digital formats takes literacy well beyond the 3Rs. Students increasingly need to be critical and creative users of the new media. As the Internet becomes faster, more visually powerful, and easier to manipulate there will be an explosion of virtual environments, with literacy taking on a whole new meaning. While the word literacy has become almost synonymous with the word competence, the authors prefer the definitions found in the new language arts and science standards. For example, the National Science Education Standards suggests that scientific literacy implies that a person can identify scientific issues underlying national and local decisions and express positions that are scientifically and technologically informed.
As this book explores important new dimensions of linguistic and scientific literacy it looks at developing literacies not covered well in schools today. It is the authors' belief that an understanding of science and the processes of science can make major contributions to the ability to learn, reason, make decisions, and solve problems. Thus learning about the natural world helps develop intellectual tools of inquiry that can be used with the language arts and other disciplines. Interdisciplinary activities can help develop the skills in both science and language that are becoming so essential for personal fulfillment, performing in the workplace, and being an informed citizen.
This book is designed as a supplementary text for methods classes in elementary science and language arts education. It is also intended as a resource and guide for preservice and inservice elementary and middle school teachers.
About the Author
MARY HAMM has written articles and books on science and mathematics education./e She worked on the science standards and is now a professor at San Francisco State University.
DENNIS ADAMS, a former Fulbright Scholar, currently teaches at Montclair State University in New Jersey./e He has taught at the elementary school level and has authored or coauthored more than a dozen books and over 100 articles.
Table of Contents
Interdisciplinary Inquiry with Science, Language and Literacy
Promoting Critical and Creative Thinking
Cooperative Learning: Teamwork and Individual Accountability
Assessing Student Understanding
Scientific Literacy: Involving Students in Scientific Inquiry
The Language Arts: Literacy
Interdisciplinary Themes in Science and the Language Arts
Educational Technology: The Multiple Possibilities