This translation of a major work in Mexican anthropology argues that Mesoamerican civilization is an ongoing and undeniable force in contemporary Mexican life.
For Guillermo Bonfil Batalla, the remaining Indian communities, the "de-Indianized" rural mestizo communities, and vast sectors of the poor urban population constitute the México profundo. Their lives and ways of understanding the world continue to be rooted in Mesoamerican civilization. An ancient agricultural complex provides their food supply, and work is understood as a way of maintaining a harmonious relationship with the natural world. Health is related to human conduct, and community service is often part of each individual's life obligation. Time is circular, and humans fulfill their own cycle in relation to other cycles of the universe.
Since the Conquest, Bonfil argues, the peoples of the México profundo have been dominated by an "imaginary México" imposed by the West. It is imaginary not because it does not exist, but because it denies the cultural reality lived daily by most Mexicans.
Within the México profundo there exists an enormous body of accumulated knowledge, as well as successful patterns for living together and adapting to the natural world. To face the future successfully, argues Bonfil, Mexico must build on these strengths of Mesoamerican civilization, "one of the few original civilizations that humanity has created throughout all its history."
About the Author
Guillermo Bonfil Batalla (1935-1991) was one of Mexico's most notable anthropologists.
Translator Philip A. Dennis is Professor of Anthropology at Texas Tech University.
Table of ContentsTranslator's Foreword
Preface to the Second Edition
Part I. A Civilization Denied
1. A Land of Millenarian Civilization
2. The Indian Recognized
3. De-Indianizing That Which Is Indian
Part II. How We Came to Be Where We Are
4. The Problem of National Culture
5. The Colonial Order
6. Forging a Nation
7. Our (Revolutionized) Modern Times
8. The Paths of Indian Survival
Part III. The National Program and the Civilizational Project
9. The Nation We Have Today
10. Civilization and Alternatives
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
This has to be the best book on the true history of Mexico ever written. Almost heartbreaking as Batalla describes how Spain conquered the Native Americans of Mexico, this book will change the way you think about what it means to be Mexican.
This book is a must for anyone attempting to understand Mexicans,Guatemalans,and all native peoples of Anahuak (amerika) that falsely claim and are referred to as Latino and Hispanic.When you read this book you will start seeing indigenous Mexika and Mayas instead of Latinos,Hispanics,immigrants, and illegals. An eye opener and reality checker for anyone.A healthy introductory serving of reality to neutralize the genocidal promoting labels of Hispanic and Latino.