Middle Bronze Age and Roman Settlement at Manor Pit, Baston, Lincolnshire: Excavations 2002-2014

Middle Bronze Age and Roman Settlement at Manor Pit, Baston, Lincolnshire: Excavations 2002-2014


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Between 2002 and 2014 MOLA Northampton carried out evaluation and excavation work over an area of approximately 49.65ha ahead of mineral extraction for the quarry at the Manor Pit, Baston, Lincolnshire.

The earliest activity dated to the Neolithic with the first occupation dating to the early Bronze Age, but it was within the middle Bronze Age that significant occupation took place within the site. Part of a large co-axial field system was recorded over an area approximately c800m long and up to 310m wide. Cropmarks and the results from other archaeological excavations suggest the field system continued beyond Manor Pit for c4km and was up to 1km wide. The field system was a well-planned pastoral farming landscape at a scale suggesting that cattle and other animals were being farmed for mass trade.

The site was reoccupied in the early 2nd century AD when two adjacent Roman settlements were established. One of the settlements was arranged along a routeway which led from the Car Dyke whilst the other settlement connected to this routeway by a long straight boundary. In both settlements there were a series of fields/enclosures situated in a largely open environment, with some evidence for cultivation, areas of wet ground and stands of trees. Well/watering holes lay within these enclosures and fields indicating that stock management was a key component of the local economy.

In the later medieval period a trackway ran across the site, associated with which was a small enclosure, which perhaps contained fowl. During the early post-medieval period the land was subject to a final period of enclosure, with a series of small rectilinear fields established aligned with Baston Outgang Road, forming the basis of the current landscape.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781789695830
Publisher: Archaeopress Archaeology
Publication date: 08/14/2020
Pages: 300
Product dimensions: 8.00(w) x 11.50(h) x 0.00(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction

Project background

Location, topography and geology

Cropmarks and archaeological excavations

Previous site investigations within Baston Manor Pit

Excavation areas 2006-2014


Site phasing

Chapter 2 Archaeological results

Period 1, earlier prehistoric activity

Period 2, early to middle Bronze Age

Period 3, Roman settlement and boundary (2nd to 4th centuries)

Period 4, medieval and post-medieval land use

Undated features

Chapter 3 Finds

Worked flint – Yvonne Wolframm-Murray

Prehistoric pottery – Sarah Percival

Roman pottery – Margaret Darling, Ian Rowlandson and H G Fiske with samian reports by Felicity C Wild and Gwladys Monteil

Writing on pottery vessels – R S O Tomlin

Medieval and post-medieval pottery – Paul Blinkhorn

Coins – Ian Meadows and Paul Clements

Small finds - Tora Hylton with a report on a Bronze Age knife by Matthew G Knight

Middle Bronze Age loomweights – Pat Chapman

Querns – Andy Chapman

Slag – Andy Chapman

Ceramic tile and brick – Pat Chapman

Stone – Pat Chapman

Fired clay – Pat Chapman

Roman glass – Claire Finn

Worked wood – Michael Bamford with identifications to taxa by Steve Allen

Radiocarbon dates – Rob Atkins

Chapter 4 Environmental evidence and human and faunal remains

Human skeletal remains – Helen Webb and Chris Chinnock

The mammal, bird and amphibian bones – Philip L Armitage

Environmental evidence from the southern excavation area and the far western part of the northern excavation area (BMP06-08) – Enid Allison, Lucy Allott, Robert Batchelor, Alex Brown and John Giorgi

Environmental evidence from the northern excavation area (BMP09-14) – Val Fryer

Chapter 5 Discussion

Period 1: Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic

Period 2.1 Early Bronze Age

Period 2.2 Middle Bronze Age

Period 3: Roman

Period 4: Medieval

Period 5: Post-medieval


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