Modern Spain

Modern Spain

by Enrique Ávila López

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Overview

Fulfilling the need for English-source material on contemporary Spain, this book supplies readers with an in-depth, interdisciplinary guide to the country of Spain and its intricate, diverse culture.

Far from a usual reference book, Modern Spain takes the reader through the country's history, economy, and politics as well as topics that address Spain's popular culture, such as food, sports, and sexuality. Because of the interdisciplinary nature of its content, this book differs from the average typical English manuals that very rarely cover in depth the whole array of interesting issues that define Spain in the 21st century. The vast amount of information makes this book the perfect companion for any reader wishing to learn more about Spain.

Packed with current facts and statistics, this book offers an unbiased view of a modern country, making it an ideal source for undergraduate students and scholars.


  • Serves as a general reference guide to Spain that presents historical information as well as details about everyday life in modern-day Spain
  • Covers a huge variety of topics ranging from sports and literature to gastronomy and geography
  • Addresses virtually every issue and concern related to 21st-century Spain
  • Provides the most up-to-date facts in a fair, unprejudiced manner
  • Connects relevant aspects of Spain with those of other countries, giving readers perspective into the obvious differences and subtle nuances between unfamiliar cultures

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781610696005
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/07/2015
Series: Understanding Modern Nations
Pages: 427
Product dimensions: 7.30(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.40(d)

About the Author

Enrique Ávila López, PhD, is Cross-Appointed Associate Professor in the Departments of Humanities and General Education at Mount Royal University in Calgary, Canada.

Table of Contents

Series Foreword xiii

Preface xv

Introduction xvii

Chapter 1 Geography 1

Overview 1

Archaeological Artifacts 4

Bodies of Water: Tajo, Ebro, Sanabria, Covadonga 6

Cities: Barcelona, Madrid, Sevilla, Valencia 7

Climate and Water Conservation 10

Mountain Ranges: Teide, Sierra Nevada, and the Pyrenees 11

National Parks 14

Natural Resources and Environment 18

Population and Demography 21

Regions of Spain 24

Transportation 26

Villages 26

World Heritage 27

References 31

Chapter 2 History 35

Overview 35

Timeline 40

Abderramán III 46

Adriano 47

Alcahi Zamora, Niceto 47

Azana, Manuel 48

Cánovas del Castillo, Antonio 48

Carlos II "the Bewitched" 49

The Catholic Monarchs 49

Columbus, Christopher 50

Cortés, Hernán 51

De Borbón, Maria Cristina 52

De Farnesio, Isabel 52

De Godoy, Manuel 53

Don Pelayo 54

Don Rodrigo 54

Espartero, Baldomero 55

Eugenia, Isabel Clara 55

Franco, Francisco 56

Jaime I "the Conqueror" 57

Juan Carlos I of Spain 58

Largo Caballero, Francisco 58

Leovigildo 59

Maimónides 60

Negrin, Juan 60

Pasionaria, La 61

Philip II 62

Prim y Prats, Juan 62

Primo de Rivera, Miguel 63

Sagasta, Práxedes Mateo 64

Séneca 65

Viriato 65

References 66

Chapter 3 Government and Politics 69

Overview 69

Army and National Police 73

Constitutions 74

Electoral Scheme and the "No Molestar" System 76

ETA 77

Foreign Policy: Marca España 79

King Felipe VI 80

Molinas, César 81

Political Challenges of Spain's 21st Century 83

Political Parties 84

Rajoy Brey, Mariano 87

Regional Government and Regionalism 89

Scandals and Political Corruption 89

Serra, Eduardo 91

Spanish Politicians 92

Zapatero, José Luis Rodríguez 96

References 97

Chapter 4 Economy 99

Overview 99

Agriculture and Fishing Industry 103

Automobile Industry 104

Banks 107

Construction and Transportation 108

Economic Activity and GDP 111

Financial Crisis 112

IBEX 35: Spain's Stock Exchange 114

Labor Market 116

Manufacturing Industry 119

Production of Energy 120

Real Estate Market 123

Tourism 124

Trade: Private, Public, and E-Commerce 126

References 127

Chapter 5 Religion and Thought 131

Overview 131

Averroes, Ibn Rushd 136

Ávila, Saint Teresa de 137

Cardinal Cisneros 138

Churches, Mosques, and Synagogues 139

Cruz, Saint Juan de la 140

The Inquisition: Torquemada 140

Madariaga y Rojo, Salvador de 142

Opus Dei, Compañía de Jesús, and Caritas 142

Ortega y Gasset, José 143

The Pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela 144

Religious Ceremonies 145

Savater, Fernando 146

Zambrano, María 147

References 148

Chapter 6 Social Classes and Ethnicity 153

Overview 153

Aristocracy 156

Diaspora 158

Disability Services 159

Immigration 161

Income-Level Groups 162

Monarchy 165

Multiculturalism 166

Nationalism 167

Roma Society 171

Spanish Youth 172

References 174

Chapter 7 Gender, Marriage, and Sexuality 177

Overview 177

Family Roles 179

Feminism in Spain 181

Gender Roles 185

LGBT Community 187

Maternity (and Paternity) Care 189

Representation in Government 190

Representation in the Workforce 191

References 192

Chapter 8 Education 195

Overview 195

CSIC: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas 199

Elcano Royal Institute 200

Preschool, Primary, and Secondary Education 200

Testing: Selectividad and Oposiciones 202

University and Vocational Education 204

References 206

Chapter 9 Language 209

Overview 209

Instituto Cervantes 212

Linguistic Landscape of Spain 212

Peninsular Languages 215

Spanish Language Mixed 217

References 218

Chapter 10 Etiquette 221

Overview 221

Clothing and Fashion 224

Food and Dining Out 225

Greetings and Language 226

Shopping 228

Standards of Public Decency 229

Weddings, Funerals, and Etiquette in Religious Places 230

References 231

Chapter 11 Literature and Drama 233

Overview 233

21st-century Literature 235

Award-Winning Writers 236

Best-Selling Writers 238

Costumbrismo 242

Generation of '27 242

Generation of '98 244

Golden Age of Spanish Literature 246

Medieval Period 249

Naturalism 251

Realism 252

Renaissance Literature 253

Rexurdimento 254

Romanticism 255

Social Realism 256

Spanish Enlightenment Literature 257

References 257

Chapter 12 Art and Architecture 259

Overview 259

Alhambra Palace 263

Architects 265

Comics and Cartoons 266

Dalí, Salvador 268

El Greco 269

Gaudi, Antoni 270

Goya, Francisco de 271

Graphic Design 273

Miró, Joan 274

Museums 274

Painters 276

Photographers 278

Picasso, Pablo Ruiz 280

Sculptors 281

Street Art 284

Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y 285

References 286

Chapter 13 Music and Dance 289

Overview 289

Canción Protesta-Protest Songs 294

Copla 296

Cuplé 297

Flamenco 298

Iconic Musicians 301

Pop 303

Rock 305

Zarzuela 306

References 307

Chapter 14 Food 309

Overview 309

Alcohol: Beer, Brandy, Cava, Sherry, Wine 315

Cheeses and Jamón 319

Chefs and Restaurants 320

Regional Dishes and Drinks 323

Seafood Dishes 324

Sweets 325

Tapas 326

Traditional Dishes 327

Vegetarian Dishes 328

References 330

Chapter 15 Leisure and Sports 331

Overview 331

Basketball 334

Bullfighting 334

Cycling 337

Family Outings and Vacations 338

La Tomatina 339

Las Fallas 341

Los Reyes Magos 341

Lottery Games 342

Moros y Cristianos 343

Motor Sports 344

Other Sports 345

San Fermín 346

Semana Santa 347

Soccer 347

Tennis 348

References 349

Chapter 16 Media and Popular Culture 351

Overview 351

Cinema 354

Cultural Icons 359

Fashion 360

News Sources 361

Social Media 363

TV Outlets 364

Youth Culture 367

References 371

Appendix A A Day in the Life 375

A Day in the Life of a University Student 375

A Day in the Life of a School Teacher 376

A Day in the Life of a Housewife 377

A Day in the Life of a Foreigner 377

Appendix B Glossary of Key Terms 379

Appendix C Facts and Figures 387

Appendix D Holidays 397

Selected Bibliography 401

Index 417

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