Moral Responsibility and Global Justice: A Human Rights Approach (Second Revised Edition)

Moral Responsibility and Global Justice: A Human Rights Approach (Second Revised Edition)

by Christine Chwaszcza

Paperback(2. revised edition)

$59.00
Members save with free shipping everyday! 
See details

Overview

Defending an account of human rights as ethically substantive standards of legitimacy for institutions, Chwaszcza develops a methodological framework for normative theory of inter- and transnational justice. Her account combines critical normative discourse with an analysis of political and international practice. Four problems are addressed: inter-state responsibility for peace, transnational responsibilities concerning poverty relief, humanitarian intervention, and ethical problems related to voluntary migration. Moral Responsibility and Global Justice: A Human Rights Approach declines to develop an abstract ideal of global justice, but instead provides a framework for normative argument dealing with obvious injustice and absence of justice in inter- and transnational political practice as it actually is. Two years after its first publication, the problems that the book addresses are as pressing as they have ever been.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783832959456
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft
Publication date: 11/30/2010
Series: Studies in Political Theory Series , #1
Edition description: 2. revised edition
Pages: 209
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.80(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface 13

Part I Human Rights as Standards - The Abstract Idea 17

1 Human Rights and the Ethics of International Relations 19

1.1 Human Rights as Standards of Legitimacy 21

1.2 The Normative Substance of Human Rights Standards 26

1.3 Human Rights Standards and International Institutions 32

1.4 Human Rights as "Universal" Standards: A Few Arguments Against Relativism 35

1.4.1 Substantive Relativism 37

1.4.2 Metaethical Relativism 39

2 The Limits of Statism and the Normative Significance of Political Associations 43

2.1 Methodological Statism. The Limits of a Theoretical Paradigm 45

2.2 The Ethical Status of Political Associations 49

2.3 States as Legal Persons and the Assignment of Collective Responsibilities 54

2.3.1 The Argument from Methodological Individualism 56

2.3.2 The Argument from Moral Agency 59

3 Two Types of Normative Political Theory 67

3.1 General Norms and Principles for Action 68

3.2 Challenges for Normative Agency and the Structure of Theoretical Argument 71

Part II Human Rights in Contexts 75

4 Peace Ethics 77

4.1 Contemporary Challenges and Theoretical Options: An Overview 78

4.1.1 Challenges 78

4.1.2 Theoretical Options 81

4.1.3 Ethical Argument and Practical Conditions of Application 83

4.2 Beyond Just-war Theory 84

4.3 The Legalist Paradigm and the Limits of Normative Institutionalism in Peace Ethics 91

4.3.1 Walzer's "Deontological" Proposal: Self-defense as Collective Self-determination 91

4.3.2 The Challenge for "Deontology" 95

4.4 Collective Security 102

4.4.1 The Basic Idea 102

4.4.2 Practical Approximations 105

4.5 Democratic-peace Theory 106

4.6 Theoretical Perspectives for a Changing Practice 109

5 Humanitarian Intervention: An Institutional Perspective 113

5.1 The Structure of Moral and Legal Discourse of Humanitarian Intervention 114

5.2 The Permissibility of Humanitarian Intervention. The Legal Debate 119

5.2.1 Humanitarian Intervention in Legal Argument 121

5.2.2 Theoretical Perspectives on "Legal Validity" 127

5.3 Transnational Responsibilities to Protect Human Rights. The Ethical Debate 134

5.3.1 The Individual Rights Approach 134

5.3.2 Humanitarian Intervention as the Collective Responsibility to Promote Just Institutions 136

6 Human Rights and Poverty Relief 145

6.1 Some Deficiencies of the Present State of the Debate 147

6.2 Human Rights Standards and the Normative Status of Institutional Goals 149

6.2.1 The "Negative Rights" Argument 150

6.2.2 The Separation of Powers Argument 152

6.2.3 The Institutional Perspective: Legitimacy and Political Goals 152

6.3 Separating Human-rights Requirements from Requirements of Political Justice 154

6.4 Socioeconomic Human-rights Requirements Beyond the Nation-state 156

6.4.1 Extreme Poverty and the Right to Subsistence 156

6.4.2 International Trade 163

6.5 Objections to Cosmopolitanism 168

6.5.1 The Methodological Level 168

6.5.2 The Analytical Level 169

6.5.3 The Practical Level 170

7 Transnational Migration 171

7.1 Human Rights Standards and Voluntary Migration 173

7.1.1 The Holistic Structure of Political Society 174

7.1.2 The Limits of Social Constructivism 177

7.2 Justified Interests of Political Societies and Individual Persons 181

7.3 A Critique of Some Common Arguments of the Current Debate 183

7.3.1 "Freedom of Association:" The Libertarian Approach 184

7.3.2 "Freedom of Movement:" The Egalitarian Approach 185

7.3.3 Comunitarian Ideals of Membership and the "Argument from Culture" 187

7.4 Involuntary Migration 190

7.5 Are We Moving towards Cosmopolitan Society? A Very Short Afterword 192

A Final Remark 193

Bibliography 195

Index of Names 207

Customer Reviews