Mutual Aid a Factor of Evolution

Mutual Aid a Factor of Evolution

by Kniaz Petr Alekseevich Kropotkin


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Written partly in response to Social Darwinism and in particular to Thomas H. Huxley's Nineteenth Century essay, "The Struggle for Existence", Kropotkin's book drew on his experiences in scientific expeditions in Siberia to illustrate the phenomenon of cooperation. After examining the evidence of cooperation in nonhuman animals, pre-feudal societies, in medieval cities, and in modern times, he concludes that cooperation and mutual aid are the most important factors in the evolution of the species.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781515427612
Publisher: Wilder Publications
Publication date: 04/03/2018
Pages: 178
Sales rank: 988,371
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.56(d)

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