New York Mills, named for the textile factories that were once the backbone of the surrounding village’s economy, ranked among the foremost producers of quality fabrics in the country. Originally a wilderness area just south of the Mohawk River, the community began with a few scattered homes after the establishment of a small textile mill in 1808. Nourished by a growing economy, the village attracted a mosaic of Welsh and French-Canadian workers in the 19th century, followed by Poles, Syro-Lebanese, and Italians in the early 20th century. A hotbed of abolitionism in the antebellum years, it sent high percentages of its residents off to the Civil War, World War I, and World War II. In 1912 and 1916, its Polish residents founded a union and led textile strikes that were considered the most successful in the nation at that time. With the eventual closing of the mills in the 1950s, residents found employment in the surrounding area as the village evolved into a stable and prosperous suburban community.
About the Author
Eugene E. Dziedzic and James S. Pula are graduates of New York Mills High School who both pursued careers in education. They remain committed to preserving and interpreting the history and culture of their native community.
Table of Contents
1 An Industry Expands into a Village 11
2 Evolution to a Company Town 29
3 From Labor Strife to World War 49
4 Prosperity and Depression 65
5 War and Transformation 91
6 A Century Ends, a New Evolution Begins 99
About the Organization 127