Nomads of Mauritania [Paperback, Premium Color]

Nomads of Mauritania [Paperback, Premium Color]

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Overview

Nomads of Mauritania aims at understanding the cultural identity (religious beliefs, language, values, relationships with others) of the Mauritanian nomads through their geographical environment, an original history, their lifestyle, caste system, diet, housing and crafts and how it is revealed by their art, materially expressed on the everyday objects and the body and defined for the first time as geometrical-abstract and respectively as ephemeral usual art and ephemeral living art. Furthermore, what has become of the nomads of Mauritania with the climate warming and the economic and cultural globalization and to what extent are they still the pillars and heart of the Mauritanian society of today?

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781622737253
Publisher: Vernon Art and Science
Publication date: 05/02/2019
Series: Series in Anthropology
Pages: 552
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.43(d)

About the Author

Brigitte Himpan, Artist Painter, obtained a Master's degree in Fine Arts in 1983 at the
University of Paris VIII (France) about the everyday life of the Mauritanian nomads through their usual objects and a post-graduate pre-PhD's degree in Philosophy of Art and Culture in 1986 at the University of Panthéon-Sorbonne Paris I (France) concerning the cultural identity of the Mauritanian nomads.

Diane Himpan-Sabatier graduating from the Higher Institute of Management (Paris) in 1994 and the Higher School of Cinema Studies (Paris) in 1996. Himpan-Sabatier is also the author of a post-graduate pre-PhD thesis from the School of International High Studies (Paris). Furthermore, from 1981 to 1992 she spent a total of nine months in Mauritania, during which she got acquainted with and became interested in the Mauritanian culture. Therefore, through extensive research work, she participated in the completion and update of this book.

Table of Contents

Maps of Africa and Mauritania

FOREWORDS

INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1:

GEOGRAPHY OF MAURITANIA

1. Geographical situation

2. Climates

3. Relief and landscapes

4. Hydrography

5. Vegetation

6. Population

7. Mineral wealth

8. Wealth of the sea

9. Fauna

10. Desertification of the Sahara and Mauritania

Chapter 2:

HISTORY OF MAURITANIA

A. Mauritania at the time of Prehistory

B. The ancient inhabitants of Mauritania

C. The second wave of Berbers of Arab origin

D. Mauritania in Antiquity

E. The advent of Arabs and Islam in North Africa and Mauritania from the 7th century

F. The blossoming of African powers in the south of Mauritania from the 13th century and the advent of the European maritime trade

G. The control and protection of the entire Mauritanian territory

by the Moors from the 17th century

H. The colonization stages of Mauritania

I. Mauritania since its independence

Chapter 3:

NOMADISM: THE MAURITANIAN NOMADS’ WAY OF LIFE

A. The factors leading to the appearance of nomadism

B. Nomadism and occupations of the Moors

C. Nomadism and the social organization of nomads

D. Nomadism and the daily life of nomads

E. Nomadism and the cultural and religious impacts of the Moorish nomads

Chapter 4:

SOCIETY OF CASTES AMONG THE NOMADS

A. Hierarchy and activity of the castes among the nomads before 1981

B. The nomads and the current Mauritanian society

Chapter 5:

NUTRITIONAL PREOCCUPATIONS OF THE NOMADS

1. Movements of the nomads

2. Water: the best friend of the nomad

3. The wells and transport of water

4. Livestock

5. Milk

6. Butter

7. Dates

8. The sacrifice of animals

9. Hunting

10. Cereals: a nutritional complement

11. Salt: in the heart of the trade-based caravan economy

Chapter 6:

MATERIAL PREOCCUPATIONS OF THE NOMADS

A. The tent or khaima

B. The mat

Table of contents

ix

Chapter 7:

CRAFTS OF THE NOMADS

A. Crafts of leather

B. Crafts of wood

C. Crafts of terracotta

D. Crafts of metal

E. Crafts of textile

F. The Mauritanian crafts of today

Chapter 8:

CULTURAL IDENTITY OF THE MAURITANIAN NOMADS

A. About cultural identity

B. Islam rooted in the nomads’ customs

C. Predominance of the Hassaniya language

D. Values of the Moorish nomads and their relations with the others

E. The ephemeral usual art and ephemeral living art: materialized arts of the Mauritanian nomads

Chapter 9:

WHAT HAS BECOME OF THE MAURITANIAN NOMADS?

A. The nomads becoming extinct

B. Nomads still moving nomadically

C. Detailed characteristics of the nomads

D. The anchoring of the nomads in the heart

of the Mauritanian society

CONCLUSION

LEXICOLOGY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

About the Authors

Index

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