Old Testament Law

Old Testament Law

by Dale Patrick

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Overview

Dale Patrick examines the first five books of the Bible--the Pentateuch--the Law.

He provides an effective method for studying and understanding this vital part of the canon. His introduction concentrates on the exposition of the major thrust of Old Testament Law: the Ten Commandments, the Book of the Covenant, the Deuteronomic Law, the Holiness Code, and the Priestly Law.

Law--rules and regulations, concepts and principles, legal codes--written and unwritten. Patrick tackles important questions surrounding the formation of the Law. What is the Law? How was it formulated? What implications does the Law of the Israelites have for Christians today? Patrick's deft handling and answering of these questions results in a book that provides a means to understand the specific rules governing the concepts and principles of the written law so that we may grasp the unwritten law; i.e., the justice, righteousness, and holiness required by God.

Patrick offers critical exposition in a format that makes a seemingly difficult and esoteric part of the Bible accessible to the reader. This introductory text serves as a springboard to further study.

Dale Patrick was appointed to the faculty at Drake University in 1985. He continued at Drake until retirement in 2008. Since retiring, he and his wife have been teaching at United Theological College, Harare, Zimbabwe, as volunteers in mission.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781610972413
Publisher: Wipf & Stock Publishers
Publication date: 06/28/2011
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 292
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Dale Patrick was appointed to the faculty at Drake University in 1985. He continued at Drake until retirement in 2008. Since retiring, he and his wife have been teaching at United Theological College, Harare, Zimbabwe, as volunteers in mission.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1

Laws and the Law 2

Moral and Judicial Law 5

Law and Community 6

The Scope of This Study 7

The Objectives of This Study 9

2 How Law is Studies by Critical Scholars 13

Source Criticism 14

Source Criticism of the Pentateuch 15

Source Criticism of the Legal Texts 17

Form Criticism 19

Form Criticism of Biblical Law 21

Critique and Reconstruction 23

The History of Tradition 24

Tradition History of Biblical Law 26

The Legal Documents of the Ancient Near East 27

A Final Comment on the Art of Interpretation 30

3 The Ten Commandments 35

Source Criticism 35

Related Series 36

The Question of the Original Form 39

The Scope of the Commandments 40

Commentary 41

4 The Book of the Covenant 63

Source Criticism 63

Form Criticism 65

Commentary 66

The Law of the Altar 67

The Judgments 69

Moral Commandments and Primary Law 85

Sabbatical Times and the Festival Calendar 90

5 The Deuteronomic Law 97

Source Criticism 98

The History of Tradition 99

Form Criticism 101

Commentary 103

Cult and Religion 104

Offices and Institutions 117

Miscellaneous Short Laws 128

Rituals to Strengthen Israelite Identity 139

6 The Holiness Code and Priestly Law 145

The Religious Community Envisaged by Priestly Law 146

Introduction to the Holiness Code 151

Commentary 154

The Place of Sacrifice and Subsidiary Rules 155

Prohibited Sexual Intercourse and Penalties for Violation 157

Commandments Exemplifying the Holiness of God 162

Qualifications for Priests and Rules for Offerings 168

Calendar of Annual Festivals and Daily Ritual 175

Remedial Law for Blasphemy and Homicide 179

The Sabbatical and Jubilee Years 181

Appendix: Desacralization of Sanctuary Donations 185

7 The Written and Unwritten Law 189

Substantive Justice and the Rules of Law 190

Judicial Ethics 191

Narratives of Judicial Deliberation 193

The Purpose of the Lawbooks 198

From Unwritten to Written Law 200

Conflict over the Law 204

New Testament Criticism of the Emerging Tradition 205

The Love Commandment in the Teaching of Jesus 207

The Love Commandment in John and Paul 214

Recapitulation 218

8 Law and Covenant 223

The Accounts of Covenant Making 225

The Structure of the Older Covenant Texts 228

The Identification and Authority of Yahweh 228

The Status and Vocation of Israel 231

The Function of Law Giving in Covenant Making 232

The Ratification of the Covenant 233

The Structure of the Priestly and Deuteronomic Covenant 235

The Identification and Authority of Yahweh 235

The Status and Vocation of Israel 236

The Function of the Law 237

From Ratification to Renewal 238

A New Covenant 240

The New in the Covenant 240

New Covenant as Promise 242

The New Covenant in Christ 244

Postscript: What is the Meaning of This Law? 249

Biblical Law as a Historical Tradition 250

Biblical Law as a Word of God 251

Witnesses to the Law 254

The Ten Commandments 254

The Book of the Covenant 255

The Deuteronomic Law 257

The Holiness Code and Priestly Law 259

Index of Biblical Passages 263

Index of Subjects 273

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