ISBN-10:
9401039828
ISBN-13:
9789401039826
Pub. Date:
09/14/2012
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Origin and Evolution of New Gene Functions / Edition 1

Origin and Evolution of New Gene Functions / Edition 1

by Manyuan LongManyuan Long

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Overview

Although interest in evolutionary novelties can be that these different mechanisms cooperate in the mak­ traced back to the time of Darwin, the appreciation ing of new genes. In the second phase of new gene evolution, conventional models of new gene evolution, and systematical experimental pursuit of the origin and evolution of new gene functions did not appear for example by gene duplication, held that the muta­ until the early years of last decade. Since the 1970s, tions fixed in the early stages of the new genes are Susumu Ohno, Walter Gilbert, and others from the assumed to be neutral or nearly neutral. However, it area of evolutionary genetics have made pioneer ef­ appears that the force of Darwinian positive selection has been detectably strong from the outset in avail­ forts to elaborate possibilities for major biological mechanisms, for example, gene duplication and exon able population genetic studies of young genes created through the process of exon recombination. This may shuffling, by which new gene functions could arise. However, the problem of new gene evolution did not account for a common phenomenon in phylogenetic catch significant attention among biologists generally analyses of genes with changed functions: the early even recently. One of the reasons was the lack of ex­ stages of such genes are usually associated with accel­ perimental or observational systems for investigating erated substitution rates. Nonetheless, a more general factual details of the 'birth' process of new genes.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789401039826
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 09/14/2012
Series: Contemporary Issues in Genetics and Evolution , #10
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2003
Pages: 199
Product dimensions: 8.27(w) x 10.98(h) x 0.02(d)

Table of Contents

Preface; M. Long. 1. The contribution of RNAs and retroposition to evolutionary novelties; J. Brosius. 2. The emergence of a synthetic theory of intron evolution; S.J. De Souza. 3. Introns in gene evolution; L. Fedorova, A. Fedorov. 4. Functional divergence in protein (family) sequence evolution; Xun Gu. 5. The EBG system of E. coli: Origin and evolution of a novel beta-galactosidase; B.G. Hall. 6. The fucosyltransferase gene family: An amazing summary of the underlying mechanisms of gene evolution; C. Javaud, F. Dupuy, A. Maftah, R. Julien, J.-M. Petit. 7. Origin of new genes: Evidence from experimental and computational analyses; M. Long, M. Deutsch, Wen Wang, E. Betran, F. Brunet, Jianming Zhang. 8. Transposable elements and vertebrate protein diversity; A. Lorenc, W. Makalowski. 9. Birth of human-specific genes during primate evolution; J.-L. Nahon. 10. Evolution by gene duplication revisited: Differentiation of regulatory elements vs proteins; T. Ohta. 11. Modular assembly of genes and the evolution of new functions; L. Patthy. 12. Origin and evolution of a new gene expressed in the Drosophila sperm axoneme; J.M. Ranz, A.R. Ponce, D.L. Hartl, D. Nurminsky. 13. Molecular mechanisms of exon shuffling: Illegitimate recombination; A.van Rijk, H. Bloemendal. 14. Recent evidence for the exon theory of genes; S.W. Roy. 15. The universe of exons revisited; S. Saxonov, W. Gilbert. 16. Population-genetic models of the fates of duplicate genes; B. Walsh.

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