Paul and the Resurrection: Testing the Apostolic Testimony

Paul and the Resurrection: Testing the Apostolic Testimony

by Joshua Pagán

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Overview

For the contemporary believer, Paul’s role in the historical setting of the Resurrection is far more than a matter of theological curiosity. The Christian justification for rational belief in the Resurrection is in large part anchored in Paul’s justification for rational belief in the authenticity of his own experience. In Paul we find the earliest and best attested documentary evidence for a historical investigation of the miraculous event. Moreover, his epistles are an indispensable source of independent corroboration of the gospel narratives.

Opponents of Christianity have formulated a variety of hypotheses to account for Paul’s experience on the Damascus Road. Some propose that Paul was deceptive; others argue that he was deluded; and still others contend he came to believe a legendary development. Yet according to the Christian hypothesis, Paul’s claim to have encountered the risen Jesus is dependable, and his testimony can be shown to withstand the scrutiny of critics. In this innovative, interdisciplinary study, Pagán combines the analytic tools of history and philosophy to explore and evaluate competing explanations of Paul’s belief in the Resurrection of Jesus.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781945978968
Publisher: 1517 Publications
Publication date: 03/10/2020
Pages: 114
Product dimensions: 5.00(w) x 8.00(h) x 0.27(d)

About the Author

Joshua A. Pagán (M.Div., Ph.D.) is the founder of The Institute for Intellectual Formation & Skeptical Inquiry and an adjunct professor of graduate studies at Concordia Theological Seminary (both in Fort Wayne, IN). His published work can also be found in Making the Case for Christianity: Responding to Modern Objections (2014). Prior to his current profession, Pagán served as a member of the U.S. Army Special Operations Forces (1995-2000).

Table of Contents

Introduction, ix

Why Paul? ix

Was Paul Deceptive, Deluded, Developed, or Dependable? xiv

Part One: Selection of Historical Data,1

The Criteria of Authenticity, 1

The Fact to Be Explained, 3

Part Two: Presuppositions of Method, 5

The Question of Interpretive Framework, 5

Miracle and Historical Skepticism, 8

Hume and Humean Skepticism in the Contemporary Scene, 9

Troeltsch, 16

The Theist’s Response, 19

Historical Method, 32

Part Three: Comparative Evaluation of Hypotheses, 35

Hypothesis I: Deception, 35

Evaluation, 38

Hypothesis II: Delusion, 44

Evaluation, 50

Hypothesis III: Development, 61

Evaluation, 65

Hypothesis IV: Dependability, 68

Meeting Objections, 72

Responding to Defeaters with Cumulative Evidence, 75

Summary, 84

Works Cited, 87

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