Penguins: The Animal Answer Guide

Penguins: The Animal Answer Guide

by Gerald L. Kooyman, Wayne Lynch


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Flightless, iconic birds made even more famous by the 2005 film March of the Penguins, penguins conjure up images of caring parents, devoted couples, and tough survivors. In Penguins: The Animal Answer Guide, Gerald L. Kooyman and Wayne Lynch inform readers about all seventeen species, including the emperor penguin featured in the film.

Do you know why penguins live only in the Southern Hemisphere? Or that they can be ferocious predators? Why are penguins black and white? Do they play? This book answers these questions and many more, illuminating the fascinating biology and evolutionary history of these odd birds. Kooyman has studied penguins for decades, and Lynch’s photographs of penguins in the wild are the best ever captured. The result of their combined effort is a book that answers every penguin question you've ever had.

Whether you hope to travel to the Southern Hemisphere or simply want to learn more about wildlife, Penguins: The Animal Answer Guide deserves a spot on your bookshelf.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781421410517
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
Publication date: 10/15/2013
Series: The Animal Answer Guides: Q&A for the Curious Naturalist
Pages: 184
Product dimensions: 6.70(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.50(d)

About the Author

Gerald L. Kooyman is a professor emeritus at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and is the world’s foremost expert on emperor penguins. Wayne Lynch is Canada’s most published wildlife photographer. His books include Owls of the United States and Canada: A Complete Guide to Their Biology and Behavior and Polar Bears: A Complete Guide to Their Biology and Behavior, both published by Johns Hopkins.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction xiii

1 Introducing Penguins 1

What are penguins? 1

Why are penguins important? 6

Why should people care about penguins? 9

How many kinds of penguins are there? 10

What is the current classification of penguins? 10

What characterizes the major groups of penguins? 13

Why are there no penguins in the Northern Hemisphere? 14

Where do penguins live? 16

Are there fossil penguins? 19

When did penguins first evolve? 19

What is the oldest fossil penguin? 19

What is the largest fossil penguin? 19

2 Form and Function 20

What are the largest and smallest living penguins? 20

What is the basic structure of penguins? 21

What is the metabolism of a penguin? 22

Do penguins have teeth? 23

Do penguins sleep? 24

Can penguins see color? 24

Do penguins molt? 26

Can penguins run? 27

Why do penguins have flippers? 28

Can penguins breathe under water? 29

Do penguins need to drink? 29

3 Penguin Colors 31

Why are penguins black and white? 31

What causes the different color patterns of penguins? 32

What color are penguin feet? 34

What color are a penguin's eyes? 34

Do penguins' color patterns change as they grow? 34

Do a penguin's colors change from season to season? 36

Is there much geographic color variation in a single penguin species? 36

4 Penguin Behavior 39

Are penguins social? 39

Do penguins fight? 42

Do penguins bite? 44

How smart are penguins? 44

Do penguins play? 46

Do penguins talk? 46

How do penguins avoid predators? 48

5 Penguin Ecology 52

Where do penguins sleep? 52

Do penguins migrate? 53

Are penguins good divers? 56

How fast do penguins swim, and how fast can they swim? 59

Which regions have the most species of penguins? 60

How do penguins survive the extreme cold? 61

How do penguins survive the winter? 64

Do penguins get too hot? 65

Do penguins have enemies? 66

Do penguins get sick? 66

How can you tell if a penguin is sick? 67

Are penguins good for the environment? 68

6 Reproduction and Development 69

How do penguins reproduce? 69

Where do penguins lay their eggs? 70

Does a penguin nest at the same time and in the same place every year? 71

Do penguins nest only one time a year? 73

How many eggs do penguins lay? 74

Are all hatchlings in a penguin nest full siblings? 75

Are all penguins in a colony related to one another? 75

How is the sex of a penguin determined? 76

How long do penguins care for their young? 77

How fast do penguins grow? 78

How can you tell the age of a penguin? 79

How long do penguins five? 80

7 Food and Feeding 82

What do penguins eat? 82

Do penguins chew their food? 83

How do penguins find food? 84

Are any penguins scavengers? 85

Do penguins ever store their food? 87

8 Penguins and Humans 88

Do people ever have pet penguins? 88

How do you take care of a pet penguin? 89

Are penguins dangerous? 90

Do penguins feel pain? 90

What should I do if I find an injured penguin? 91

What should I do if I find a penguin crossing the road? 92

What should I do if I find a penguin laying eggs? 92

What should I do if I find a baby penguin? 92

How can I see penguins in the wild? 92

Do people feed wild penguins? 93

9 Penguin Problems (from a human viewpoint) 94

Are penguins ever pests? 94

Do penguins reduce the number of fish or krill? 94

Do penguins kill endangered species? 97

Do penguins have diseases, and are they contagious? 97

Do people eat penguins, and is it safe? 99

10 Human Problems (from a penguin's viewpoint) 100

What are the least and the most abundant penguins? 100

How are penguins counted? 101

Are any penguins endangered? 103

How does tourism affect penguins? 104

Will penguins be affected by global warming? 106

Are penguins affected by pollution? 107

Do zoos and aquariums remove penguins from the wild? 109

Are any commercial products made from penguins? 109

What can an ordinary citizen do to help penguins? 109

Are penguins important to the conservation effort? 110

11 Penguins in Stories and Literature 112

Have penguins played a role in religion and mythology? 112

What do penguins have to do with fairy tales? 113

What roles have penguins played in native cultures? 113

What roles do penguins play in popular culture? 116

What roles have penguins played in poetry and other literature? 119

12 "Penguinology" 120

Who studies penguins? 120

Which species are best known? 120

Which species is least known? 122

How do scientists tell penguins apart? 123

Appendix A Penguins of the World 125

Appendix B Penguin Research and Conservation Organizations 126

Bibliography 131

Index 141

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