Personal Identity in Moral and Legal Reasoning

Personal Identity in Moral and Legal Reasoning

by Richard Prust, Jeffery Geller

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Overview

Many questions about moral and legal judgments hinge on how we understand the identity of the agents. The intractability of many of these questions stems, this book argues, from ignoring how we actually connect actions with agents.

When making everyday judgments about the morality or legality of actions, we do not use Aristotelian logic but what is termed “character logic”. The difference is crucial because implicit in character logic is an understanding of personal identity that is both coherent and intuitively familiar. A person, as we conceptualize him in moral and legal contexts, is a character of resolve. By unpacking what it means to be a character of resolve, this book reveals what underwrites our most fundamental beliefs about a person’s rights and responsibilities. It also provides a new and useful perspective on a variety of issues about rights and responsibilities that perennially occupy philosophers. This book discusses the following:

• How we can make better sense of “human rights” if we think of them as “personal rights”.

• How the right to be civilly disobedient, in contrast with ordinary law-breaking, can be justified as a personal right.

• What basis we have for holding that someone’s responsibility is diminished.

• How it makes sense to hold someone responsible for acting irresponsibly.

• How it makes sense to distinguish a juvenile offender from someone who should be tried in criminal court.

• What kind of correction we should expect from our correctional institutions and how we should design them to achieve that.

By making explicit the axioms of character logic and exploring their origins and justification, the book provides a conceptually powerful tool for interpreting the protocols of a person-respecting society.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781622738359
Publisher: Vernon Art and Science
Publication date: 08/28/2019
Series: Series in Philosophy of Personalism
Pages: 132
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.28(d)

About the Author

Richard Prust is the author of Wholeness: The Character Logic of Christian Belief, published by Rodopi Press in 2004. He taught Philosophy at St. Andrews University in North Carolina and has been a long-time participant in the Forum on Persons.

Jeffery Geller is a retired Philosophy professor, having taught at UNC-Pembroke for several decades. He has held fellowships from the Fulbright Foundation and the Camargo Foundation. He received his PhD from Duke University. His publications span a variety of sub-disciplines, including epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, and the history of philosophy.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Chapter 1 Personal Stories

Chapter 2 Personal Presence

Chapter 3 Personal Rights

Chapter 4 Personal Responsibility

Chapter 5 Personal Integrity

Chapter 6 Prospects for Personhood

The Axioms of Character Logic

Bibliography

Index

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