The Present and the Past in Medieval Irish Chronicles

The Present and the Past in Medieval Irish Chronicles

by Nicholas Evans


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Ireland has the most substantial corpus of annalistic chronicles for the early period in western Europe. They are crucial sources for understanding the Gaelic world of Ireland and Scotland, and offer insights into contacts with the wider Christian world. However, there is still a high degree of uncertainty about their development, production, and location prior to 1100, which makes it difficult to draw sound conclusions from them.
This book analyses the principal Irish chronicles, especially the "Annals of Ulster", "Annals of Tigernach", and the Chronicum Scotorum, identifying their inter-relationships, the main changes to the texts, and the centres where they were written in the tenth and eleventh centuries - a significant but neglected period. The detailed study enables the author to argue that the chroniclers were in contact with each other, exchanging written notices of events, and that therefore the chronicle texts reflect the social connections of the Irish ecclesiastical and secular elites. The author also considers how the sections describing the early Christian period (approximately 431 to 730 AD) were altered by subsequent chroniclers; by focussing on the inclusion of material on Mediterranean events as well as on Gaelic kings, and by comparing the chronicles with other contemporary texts, he reconstructs the chronicles' contents and chronology at different times, showing how the accounts were altered to reflect and promote certain views of history. Thus, while enabling readers to evaluate the sources more effectively, he also demonstrates that the chronicles were sophisticated and significant documents in themselves, reflecting different facets of contemporary medieval society and their shifting attitudes to creating and changing accounts of the past.

Dr Nicholas Evans is an Honorary Research Fellow at the University of Glasgow.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781843835493
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer, Limited
Publication date: 06/17/2010
Series: Studies in Celtic History Series , #27
Pages: 308
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

The 'Annals of Ulster', 912-1100
The characteristics of the 'Annals of Tigernach' and Chromium Scotorum
The Clonmacnoise Group 912-1100 and its relationship with the 'Chronicle of Ireland'
Shared items in AU and the Clonmacnoise-group, AD 912-1100
The restructuring of the past in the 'Chronicle of Ireland'
The chronology of the 'Chronicle of Ireland', 431-730
The original chronology of the Irish chronicles, circa 550-730
The Clonmacnoise-group redaction of medieval history AD 431-730 in the tenth and eleventh centuries
Conclusion: Chronicling Medieval Ireland

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