The theme of this study is the large-scale exploitation of different stone products that took place in Norway during the Viking Age and the Middle Ages (c. AD 800–1500). The research is based on analyses of two different quarry landscapes in Western Norway: the quernstone quarries in Hyllestad, Sogn og Fjordane, and the bakestone quarries in Ølve and Hatlestrand, Hordaland. The centre of attention is the production of utility artefacts: quernstones, millstones and bakestones, and more symbolic products such as stone crosses. The production landscapes are also assessed within wider socio-economic perspectives related to organisation, control and landownership. Following the different products, from production in the quarries to their distribution and use in both urban and rural contexts in Northern Europe, questions regarding trade and networks are addressed. The material is also discussed and assessed in wider methodological and theoretical contexts, and an aim is to illuminate the control and right of use related to the quarrying, also to examine the groups of actors behind production as well as distribution and trade.
|Publisher:||Brown, David Book Company|
|Edition description:||UK ed.|
|Product dimensions:||8.25(w) x 11.75(h) x (d)|
About the Author
Irene Baug is a postdoctoral researcher in archaeology in the Department of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion at the University of Bergen. Her research interests deal with social, socio-political and economic aspects of the Viking Age and the Middle Ages. Her research has mainly focused upon utilization of different outfield resources – such as production of different stone products c. AD 700-1500, and distribution and trade of these products within Northern Europe. Her work is based on own archaeological fieldwork, artefacts studies and multidisciplinary cooperation.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction 2 State of Research 3 Theoretical Perspectives 4 Methodological Approaches 5 Archaeological Investigations of Quarries at Hyllestad 6 Archaeological Investigations of the Quarries of Ølve and Hatlestrand 7 Spatial and Chronological Distribution of Products 8 Who Controlled the Quarries? 9 Organizing Production 10 Forms of Transaction 11 Conclusions Bibliography