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University of California Press
The Railway Journey: The Industrialization and Perception of Time and Space / Edition 1

The Railway Journey: The Industrialization and Perception of Time and Space / Edition 1

by Wolfgang SchivelbuschWolfgang Schivelbusch
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This handbook covers almost every major writing problem. At 64 pages it's a concise and inexpensive way for readers to improve their writing. The Ninth Edition covers the essentials of paragraph and essay writing, ESL tips and material on research writing, as well as an extended section on the three most common errors in English: fragments, run-ons and comma splices. The book also includes enhanced coverage on electronic research on the Internet and a revised section on word choice. For anyone interested in learning about English and in improving his or her writing.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780520059290
Publisher: University of California Press
Publication date: 02/06/1987
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.25(h) x 0.63(d)

About the Author

Wolfgang Schivelbusch is a German scholar of cultural studies, historian, and author. In 2003 he was awarded the Heinrich Mann prize of the Academie of Arts in Berlin.

Table of Contents

I. SENTENCES AND GRAMMAR (Sections 101-130)

101-103 Sentences

101 Parts: A—subject; B—verb (predicate)

102 Sentence pattern

103 Classifying: A—by purpose; B—by structure (clauses)--simple, compound, complex, compound-complex

104-109 Parts of Speech: Survey

104 A--nouns; B--pronouns

105 Verbs

106 A--adjectives; B--adverbs

107 A--conjunctions; B--prepositions

108 interjections

109 A word as different parts of speech

110 A word group as a part of speech

111-112 Using Nouns

111 Kinds: A—singular, plural; B—common, proper; C—concrete, abstract; D—collective; E—count, noncount

112 Uses: A—subject; B—complement (direct, indirect object; subjective, objective complement); C--object of preposition; D—appositive; E—direct address

113-118 Using Verbs

113 Identifying

114 Kinds: A—transitive; B—intransitive; C—linking; D—auxiliary

115 Principal parts: A—present, past, past participle; B—troublesome verbs

116 Tenses, forms: A—present; B—past; C—future; D—present perfect; E—past perfect; F—future perfect; G—conditional

117 Verbs vs. Verbals: A—infinitives; B—participles; C—gerunds

118 Verb errors: A—perfect and passive forms; B--tense shift; B—overused passive voice; C—mood shifts; D—confusion of similar verbs (see also 404)

119-120 Using Adjectives and Adverbs

119 Correct use: A—adverbs with action verbs; modifying adjectives, adverbs; B—adjectives after linking verbs; C—good vs. well, bad vs.badly; D—comparative, superlative; double comparative, superlative; illogical comparisons

120 Articles, determiners [ESL]: A—a; B—articles before nouns; C—limiting adjectives (determiners); D—order of adjectives

121-123 Using Pronouns

121 Kinds: A—personal (including gender problem); B—interrogative, relative: C—demonstrative; D—indefinite; E—reflexive, intensive

122 Case: A—subjective (nominative); B—objective;C—subjective-objective problems; D—who, whom (interrogative); E—who, whom (relative); F—possessive

123 Faulty reference: A—ambiguous; B—vague

124-125 Phrases, Clauses

124 Phrases: A—prepositional; B—verbal (infinitive, participial, absolute, gerund)

125 Clauses: A—kinds (independent, dependent); B—dependent kinds (adjective, adverb, noun); C—in sentences (simple, compound, complex)

126-127 Agreement

126 Subject-verb: A—person; B—number; C—intervening words; D—compound subjects; E—subjects with not; F--indefinite pronouns; G—collective nouns; H—linking verbs; I--singulars in plural form; J—there and it; K—titles, words as words; L—money and measures; M—relative pronouns

127 Pronoun-antecedent: A—shifts to you; B. singular pronouns; C—and, or, nor; D—collective nouns; E—demonstratives as adjectives; F—one of the

128-130 Effective Sentences

128 Creating sentences: A—varying; B—coordinating; C—compounding; D—subordinating (adjective, adverb, noun clauses); E—reduction; F—parallel structure; G—positioning main idea

129 “Big three” errors: A—fragments; B—comma splices, fused sentences

130 Gaining clarity: A--needless separation; B--misplaced or dangling modifiers (participles, gerunds, clauses, etc.); C—incomplete or illogical comparisons; D—illogical shifts; E—mixed or confused construction (is when, is where, others)

II. PUNCTUATION (Sections 201-227)

201-203 Comma [,]

201 Comma (to set off): A—independent (main) clause; B—introductory clause, phrase; C—items in series; D—coordinate adjectives; E—parenthetical expressions; F—nonessential (nonrestrictive) clauses, phrases, appositives; G—absolute phrases; H—direct address; I—yes, no; J—mild interjections; K—direct quotations; L—such as, etc., contrasts

202 Comma: A—clarity; B—omitted, understood word; C—tag question; D—friendly letter; E—dates, addresses

203 No comma: A—between subject-verb, verb-object; B—between independent clauses; C--if not needed

204-205 Period [.]

204 Period: A—end of sentence; B—abbreviation, initial; C—outline; D—ellipsis, hesitation; E—nonsentence

205 No period after title

206-207 Question Mark [?]

206 Question mark: A—direct question; B—uncertainty

207 No question mark: A—indirect question; B—polite request; C—humor, irony

208-209 Exclamation Point [!]

208 Exclamation point: w. strong interjection

209 No exclamation point: A—mild interjection; B—beyond one

210 Semicolon [;]: A—joining clauses; B—conjunctive adverb; C—clauses, series with commas

211-213 Apostrophe [’]

211 Apostrophe with possessive nouns: A—singular; B—plural; C—before gerund; D—fine points; E--apostrophes and clarity

212 Apostrophe: A—contractions, omissions; B—letters, symbols

213 No apostrophe: A—personal pronouns; B—plurals, verbs; C—inanimate objects

214 Italics (Underlining): A—titles of long works; B—ships, etc.; C—art works; D—foreign words; E—words, etc. as such; F—emphasis

215-219 Quotation Marks [“ ”]

215 Double quotation marks: A—speaker’s words; B—interrupted quotation; C—uninterrupted quotation; D—paragraphs; E—fragmentary quotation; F—omission (ellipsis); G—insertion in quotation; H—dialogue; I—poetry

216 Double quotation marks: A—titles of short works; B—definitions; C—words in special sense

217 Single quotation marks: quotation inside quotation

218 Quotation marks with other marks: A—periods, commas; B—colons, semicolons; C—others

219 No quotation marks: A—title of paper; B--irony, etc.;

220-221 Colon [:]

220 Colon (to introduce): A—list; B—long quotation; C—formal quotation, question; D—independent clause; E—business letter; F—announcement; G—resolution; H—play dialogue

221 Colon (to separate): A—title parts, etc.; bibliography parts

222 Dash [--]: A—break in thought; B—parenthetical element; C—appositive; D—quotation

223-224 Parentheses[( )]

223 Parentheses: A—incidental information; B—enclosing; C—accuracy; D—with other marks

224 No parentheses: A—deletions; B—editorial remarks

225 Brackets [[ ]]: A: editorial remarks; B—sic; C—stage directions; D—within parentheses

226 Hyphen[-]: A—compound words; B—compound adjective; C—numbers; D—clarification; E—ex-, self-, etc.; F—hesitation, etc.; G—word division

227 Slash (virgule) [/]: A—poetry; B—alternatives; C—per; D—fractions


301-303 Capitalization

301Capital: A—sentence beginning; B—poetry; C—nonsentence; D—after colon; E—outline; F—title; G—letter greeting, close; H—I, O

302 Proper noun capital: A—person, group, etc.; B—place; C—organization, brand; D—day, month, etc.; E—sacred name; F—historical event, etc.; G—school, etc.; H—flag, award; I—planet, etc.; J—ship, etc.; K—initial, etc.; L—personification; M—title

303 No capital: A—compass points; B—seasons; C—family; D—school subject; E—common noun; F—words from proper nouns; G—after semicolon; H—interrupted quotation; I—fragmentary quotation; J—compound word; K—emphasis; L—book part

304 Word division (syllabication): A—by pronunciation; B—compound word; C—one-syllable word; D—single letter

305-307 Numbers

305 In words: A—one or two words; B—compound adjective; C—fraction; D—beginning sentence

306 In figures: A—three or more words; B—special uses; C—groups in same passage

307 Money

308-309 Abbreviations

308 Abbreviation: A—title before name; B—title after name; C—with numeral; D—Latin phrase; E—organization

309 No abbreviation: A—state, day, etc.; B—name; C—street, company, etc.; D—and; E—school subject; F—book part

310-314 Spelling

310 Improvement techniques: A—visualizing; B—practicing; C—similar words; D—related words; E—memory devices

311 Basic rules: A—ie-ei; B—final e; C—final y; D—doubling; E—letting alone

312 Plurals: A—extra syllable (-es); B—y ending (-es); C—f, fe ending (-es); D—o ending (-es); E—-is ending (–es); F—compound word; G—foreign plural; H—letter, symbol

313 Nonstandard, alternative spelling: A—nonstandard; B—preferred

314 One hundred problem words

IV. WORD CHOICE (Sections 401-405)

401 Conciseness, clarity, originality: A—conciseness; B—specificity; C—connotation; D—originality

402 Standard, appropriate English: A—formal vs. informal; B—limited use words; C—expressions to avoid

403 Nondiscriminatory terms: A—nonsexist; B—other

404 Similar words often confused

V. PARAGRAPHS AND PAPERS (Sections 501-510)

501 Manuscript Form: A—paper, typeface; B—spacing; C—title, paging; D—Justifying, word dividing; E—corrections

502-503 Paragraphs

502 Form, length [ESL]

503 Content: A—topic sentence; B—development; C—coherence (incl. transitions); D—unity, emphasis

504 Netiquette Guidelines

505-506 Essays

505 Before writing: A—topic; B—plan (prewriting, etc.); C—thesis; D—approach; E—outline

506 Writing, revising: A—first draft; B—revising, editing, proofreading; C—sample student essay

507-510 Research Papers

507 Planning, researching: A—topic; B—thesis (see 505C); C— locating sources (print, electronic, field); D—working bibliography; E—evaluating sources (objectivity, etc.); F-- note taking (paraphrase, etc.); G—pulling it all together

508 Citing sources: A—within paper (MLA, APA); B—plagiarism [ESL]

509 Works cited/references list: A—MLA; B—APA

510 Setting up pages: A—text (MLA, APA); B—works cited/references list (MLA, APA)

Index (by section number)

Correction Chart

Customer Reviews