Restoring Farm Woodlands for Wildlife

Restoring Farm Woodlands for Wildlife

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Overview

Millions of hectares of temperate woodland and billions of trees have been cleared from Australia’s agricultural landscapes. This has allowed land to be developed for cropping and grazing livestock but has also had significant environmental impacts, including erosion, salinity and loss of native plant and animal species.

Restoring Farm Woodlands for Wildlife focuses on why restoration is important and describes best practices approaches to restore farm woodlands for birds, mammals and reptiles. Based on 19 years of long-term research in temperate agricultural south-eastern Australia, this book addresses practical questions such as what, where and how much to plant, ways to manage plantings and how plantings change over time. It will be a key reference for farmers, natural resource management professionals and policy-makers concerned with revegetation and conservation.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781486309641
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Publication date: 01/24/2019
Pages: 120
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

About the Author

David Lindenmayer is a Professor at The Australian National University. He has worked on the conservation of forests and their wildlife for more than 35 years. He has published 45 books and over 1100 scientific papers, and has broad interests in conservation biology, landscape ecology, vertebrate ecology, forest ecology and woodland conservation. He has received numerous awards and is a member of the Australian Academy of Science and an Australian Research Council Laureate Fellow.

Damian Michael is a Senior Research Officer in Ecology at The Australian National University. He has broad interests in landscape ecology, biodiversity conservation, herpetology and understanding the ecological importance of rocky outcrops in agricultural landscapes. He manages several large-scale biodiversity monitoring programs in New South Wales and has published 90 scientific papers and six books.

Mason Crane has been a field-based research officer with the Fenner School of Environment and Society at the ANU for the last 15 years.

Daniel Florance manages the Australian Government’s Environmental Stewardship Program. Since 2012, he has worked as a research officer at the Fenner School of Environment and Society at the ANU.

Emma Burns is a conservation biologist in the Fenner School of Environment and Society and Executive Director of the Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) within TERN.

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Acknowledgements ix

About the authors xi

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

Where have the insights in this book come from? 5

Some of the other benefits of replanting on farms 6

Some notes about this book 7

A fundamentally important caveat 9

Chapter 2 Why plant? 11

Tackling biodiversity loss 11

Other reasons to establish plantings on a farm 16

Summary 22

Chapter 3 What to plant? The content: of plantings 23

Use native plants 23

Create an understorey or shrub layer where possible 27

The ground layer 29

Planting density 29

Important additional key structures in plantings 32

How to plant - tubestock versus direct seeding 33

Summary 37

Chapter 4 How much and where to plant? The size, shape, location and surrounding configuration of plantings 39

How much to plant 39

The size of plantings 40

The shape of plantings 42

The topography of the landscape 43

Adjacency to other areas of native vegetation 45

Summary 51

Chapter 5 Ways to manage plantings 53

Avoid clearing - of remnant woodland, natural regrowth and plantings 53

Control the intensity of livestock grazing 54

Consider the kind and condition of fences around plantings 57

Think about the density (tree spacing) of plantings 61

Control weeds and feral animals 62

Maintain dead trees and logs 65

Don't remove mistletoe 66

Add nest boxes - but use the right design and ensure they are well maintained 66

Avoid or limit some kinds of management 67

Plan for fire 70

Other kinds of management 71

Do interventions work? 72

Summary 73

Chapter 6 How do plantings change over time? 75

Changes in the vegetation structure of plantings 75

Some things that are missing 78

How do populations of animals in plantings change over time? 79

Plantings, time and long-term farm planning 85

Summary 86

Chapter 7 Conclusions: creating a whole-of-farm plan and some thoughts on the future 87

The critical need for whole-of-farm plans 87

Good monitoring is essential 93

Partnerships are necessary 94

Plantings and farming in a rapidly changing climate 94

More work to do 96

Concluding comments 100

References 101

Appendix 111

Index 113

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