Grounded in the best current knowledge, this book shows how to implement response to intervention (RTI) in middle and high school contexts. Detailed guidelines are presented for teaching reading comprehension, vocabulary, and other aspects of literacy across the content areas, and for providing effective interventions for students who require additional support. The authors describe RTI procedures that are specifically tailored to the needs of struggling adolescent learners and that take into account the challenges and logistics of secondary-level implementation. The volume features 26 reproducible tools for planning, assessment, progress monitoring, and multi-tiered instruction; the large-size format facilitates photocopying.
About the Author
Deborah K. Reed, PhD, is Director of the Iowa Reading Research Center and Associate Professor at the University of Iowa. She is a former middle and high school teacher who has developed numerous instructional materials and professional development programs on adolescent literacy. She is a recipient of the Outstanding Researcher Award from the Council for Learning Disabilities and a past president of the organization.
Jade Wexler, PhD, is Assistant Professor in the Department of Special Education at the University of Maryland. A former high school special education reading teacher, she has served on the editorial board of Learning Disability Quarterly and is a recipient of the Albert J. Harris award from the International Reading Association.
Sharon Vaughn, PhD, is H. E. Hartfelder/Southland Corporation Regents Chair of Human Development and Executive Director of the Meadows Center for Preventing Educational Risk at the University of Texas at Austin. Her numerous awards include, most recently, the Jeannette E. Fleischner Award for Outstanding Contributions to the Field of Learning Disabilities, awarded by the Division for Learning Disabilities of the Council for Exceptional Children.
Table of Contents
Prologue: Response to Intervention with Secondary Students: Why the Issues Are Different Than with Elementary Students, Sharon Vaughn and Jack M. Fletcher
1. RTI in Reading: An Overview
2. Step 1: Implementing Effective Tier 1 Instruction
3. Step 2: Establishing Interventions in Reading
4. Step 3: Guidelines for Tiers 2 and 3
5. Step 4: Refining Implementation of RTI
Appendix A. Sample Middle School Schedules: Grades 6–8
Appendix B. Sample Junior High Schedules: Grades 7–8
Appendix C. Sample High School Schedule
Appendix D. Examples of Vocabulary and Comprehension Strategies for Content-Area Instruction
Appendix E. Examples of Reading Intervention Strategies
Appendix F. Resources for Implementing RTI at the Secondary Level
General and special education teachers in grades 6–12, reading specialists, school administrators, teacher educators, and graduate students. May serve as a supplemental text in graduate-level courses.