Science and Technology in Post-Mao China / Edition 1 available in Paperback
- Pub. Date:
Along with the political and economic reforms that have characterized the post-Mao era in China there has been a potentially revolutionary change in Chinese science and technology. Here sixteen scholars examine various facets of the current science and technology scene, comparing it with the past and speculating about future trends.
Two chapters dealing with science under the Nationalists and under Mao are followed by a section of extensive analysis of reforms under Deng Xiaoping, focusing on the organizational system, the use of human resources, and the emerging response to market forces. Chapters dealing with changes in medical care, agriculture, and military research and development demonstrate how these reforms have affected specific areas during the Chinese shift away from Party orthodoxy and Maoist populism toward professional expertise as the guiding principle in science and technology. Three further chapters deal with China’s interface with the world at large in the process of technology transfer.
Both the introductory and concluding chapters describe the tension between the Chinese Communist Party structure, with its inclinations toward strict vertical control, and the scientific and technological community’s need for a free flow of information across organizational, disciplinary, and national boundaries.
About the Author
Merle Goldman is Professor of History, Emerita, at Boston University and Associate of The Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies at Harvard University.
Table of Contents
Introduction: The Onset of China's New Technological Revolution
Merle Goldman and Denis Fred Simon
Part One: Historical Precedents
1. Technocratic Organization and Technological Development in China: The Nationalist Experience and Legacy, 1928-1953
William C. Kirby
2. Learning from Russia: Lysenkoism and the Fate of Genetics in China, 1950-1986
Part Two: The Reorganization of Science and Technology
3. Reform of China's Science and Technology Organizational System
4. Reforms and Innovations in the Utilization of China's Scientific and Engineering Talent
Leo A. Orleans
5. China's Industrial Innovation: The Influence of Market Forces
William A. Fischer
6. Organizational Reforms and Technology Change in the Electronics Industry: The Case of Shanghai
7. Scientific Decision Making: The Organization of Expert Advice in Post-Mao China
Nina P. Halpern
8. The Impact of Returning Scholars on Chinese Science and Technology
Part Three: Application of the Science and Technology Reforms
9. Issues in the Modernization of Medicine in China
10. Science and Technology in the Chinese Countryside
11. China's Military R & D System: Reform and Reorientation
Part Four: Technology Transfer
12. Technology Transfer and China's Emerging Role in the World Economy
Denis Fred Simon
13. Acquiring Foreign Technology: What Makes the Transfer Process Work?
Roy F. Grow
14. DOS ex Machina: The Microelectronic Ghost in China's Modernization Machine
Conclusion: Science, Technology, and China's Political FutureA Framework for Analysis
Richard P. Suttmeier