Scientists and Inventors of the Renaissance

Scientists and Inventors of the Renaissance

by Robert Curley

Hardcover

$38.75

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781615308804
Publisher: Britannica Educational Publishing
Publication date: 12/15/2012
Series: Britannica Renaissance Series , #4
Pages: 228
Product dimensions: 8.90(w) x 6.20(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range: 14 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

Introduction x

Chapter 1 The Scientific Revolution 1

Astronomy 3

The Ptolemaic Inheritance 4

The New Sun-Centred System 6

Mechanics 9

Galileo and Descartes on Motion 10

Newton's Laws 12

Optics 15

Chemistry 17

The Royal Society of London 18

Medicine 20

The Anatomists 21

The Futile Search for an Easy System 24

Harvey and the Experimental Method 26

Microscopy 27

Malpighi's Animal and Plant Studies 28

The Discovery of Cells 29

The Discovery of "Animalcules" 30

Microscopy and the Scientific Method 32

Technology and Renaissance Science 32

Chapter 2 Astronomers 35

Nicolaus Copernicus 35

Early Life and Education 37

Copernicus's Astronomical Work 39

Publication of De Revolutionibus 43

Tycho Brahe 44

Youth and Education 44

Mature Career 48

Johannes Kepler 49

Kepler's Social World 51

Astronomical Work 52

Galileo 59

Refracting and Reflecting Telescopes 60

Early Life and Career 62

Telescopic Discoveries 64

Galileo's Copernicanism 66

Galileo and the Inquisition 70

Chapter 3 Natural Philosophers 73

René Descartes 73

Early Life and Education 74

Residence in the Netherlands 76

The World, The Discourse on Method, and The Meditations 77

Physics, Physiology, and Morals 78

Final Years 80

Isaac Newton 81

Formative Influences 81

Early Work on Motion 83

The Principia 84

Newton's Final Years 86

Christiaan Huygens 87

Robert Boyle 91

Early Life and Education 91

Scientific Career 92

Discovering Boyle's Law 94

Theological Activities 96

Mature Years in London 97

Chapter 4 Anatomists, Physicians, and Microscopists 98

Mondino Dei Liucci 98

Paracelsus 99

Education 99

Career 100

Contributions to Medicine 103

Girolamo Fracastoro 104

Ambroise Paré 105

Andreas Vesalius 106

Education 106

The Fabrica 107

Career 109

Assessment 110

Gabriel Fallopius 110

Hieronymus Fabricius 111

Santorio Santorio 112

William Harvey 113

Education and Career 113

Physician to the King 114

Later Life 116

Discovery of Circulation 116

The Invention of the Microscope 117

Jan Baptista van Helmont 121

Education and Early Life 121

Publications 122

Major Experiments 122

Other Contributions 123

Giovanni Alfonso Borelli 124

Franciscus Sylvius 124

Marcello Malpighi 126

Life 126

Assessment 130

Thomas Willis 130

Robert Hooke 131

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 132

Chapter 5 Inventors 136

Johannes Gutenberg 136

Life 137

Invention of the Press 137

Printing of the Bible 139

Hans Lippershey 141

Sir John Harington and the Flush Toilet 142

Cornelis Drebbel 142

Evangelista Torricelli 143

Otto von Guericke 144

Giuseppe Campani 147

James Gregory 148

Denis Papin 150

Thomas Savery 152

Conclusion 155

Glossary 156

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