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New York University Press
Sharing Our Worlds: An Introduction to Cultural and Social Anthropology / Edition 2

Sharing Our Worlds: An Introduction to Cultural and Social Anthropology / Edition 2

by Joy Hendry, Rachel Perkins
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Sharing Our Worlds offers the perfect introduction to cultural and social anthropology for anyone approaching the subject for the first time. Hendry introduces classic theoretical ideas of the key founders of cultural and social anthropology, placing them in their historical and geographical context. Carefully structured so that one chapter builds on the next, Sharing Our Worlds covers the core topics in an even-handed and illuminating manner, introducing the reader to divergent views on all the most basic subjects-food, hygiene, gift-exchange, rites of passage, symbolism, religion, politics, and the environment-and raising awareness of the emotional value people place on those views. Covering a wide array of countries, it brings the subject of cultural and social anthropology right into the neighborhood of the reader, wherever they are in the world.

Written in a refreshingly accessible style, Sharing Our Worlds offers a compelling introduction to an enigmatic and exciting subject, drawing out its relevance and value for the complex multicultural world in which we live.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780814737101
Publisher: New York University Press
Publication date: 04/01/2008
Edition description: Second Edition
Pages: 328
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Joy Hendry is Professor Emerita of Oxford Brookes University, a Senior Member of St. Antony’s College, Oxford University, and an Honorary Fellow of Edinburgh University. She is the author of many books, including Wrapping Culture: Politeness, Presentation and Power in Japan and Other Societies.

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Maps     xi
List of Photographs     xii
List of First-hand Accounts     xiv
Acknowledgements     xv
Preface     xviii
Introduction     1
What Anthropologists Do     1
A Brief History of Social (and Cultural) Anthropology     8
The Content of this Book     13
Seeing the World     17
Souvenirs and Handkerchiefs     17
Learning to Classify     20
Life, Death and Burial Alive     21
Cultural Relativism and the Anthropologists' Bias     23
Changes in Systems of Classification: The Issue of Gender     30
Disgusting, Forbidden and Unthinkable     36
Challenging Some Ingrained Ideas     36
Taboo     38
Pollution     41
Purity and Classification     42
Animal Categories and Verbal Abuse     45
Gifts, Exchange and Reciprocity     51
The Anthropologist's Arrival     51
Gifts     52
The Indian Gift     58
Exchange     62
Reciprocity     64
Objects Inalienable, Entangled and Wrapped     67
The Ritual Round     73
Shoes and the Empty Ritual     73
Definitions of Ritual     75
Rites of Passage     77
Society: A Set of Symbols     93
What is a Symbol?     93
Bodily Symbols     95
Symbolising Relationships     102
Group Symbols and Their Interpretation     104
Anthropological Interpretation of Symbolism     105
Beauty and Bounty: Treasure and Trophies     110
Seeing and Value     110
Living Art     112
Art for Gaining Access to 'Seeing the World'     115
Art and Status: The Status of Art     117
Art and Meaning     122
Aesthetics     123
Definitions of Art     125
Cosmology I: Religion, Magic and Mythology     129
Religion, Science and Cosmology     129
Definitions and Distinctions     130
Origins of Religion     133
Explanations of Religious Phenomena     136
Cults: The Persistence of Religious Movements     142
Cosmology II: Witchcraft, Shamanism and Syncretism     150
Indigenous Categories of Cosmology     150
Terminology     151
Roles of Witchcraft and Sorcery Beliefs     153
Reactions and other Theories of Witchcraft     155
Possession and Shamanism     158
Syncretism     160
Law, Order and Social Control     170
Rules and Norms     170
Sanctions     173
Order and Dispute     178
Contested Norms and Social Control in a Context     181
The Art of Politics     187
Political Possibilities     187
Types of Political System     189
Acquiring and Achieving Political Power and Status     201
Family, Kinship and Marriage     207
Varieties of Kinship     207
Classifying Kin Relations     213
Unilineal Descent Groups     216
Kinship in a Multicultural Context: A Case Study     219
Marriage     224
Endogamy, Exogamy and Incest     226
Marriage as Exchange - Dowry and Bridewealth     227
Locality of Marriage Residence     231
Monogamy and Polygamy     232
Economics and the Environment     236
Introduction     236
Subsistence and Survival     237
Property and Tenure     241
Market Economics      244
Social Views of the Environment     247
Environmental Influence in Social Life     251
Tourism and the Intercultural Encounter     256
Cultural Difference for Recreation     256
The Study of Travel and Tourism     258
Play and Rites of Passage     263
Ecotourism and Sacred Places     265
Performance, Identity and Authenticity     271
Theme Parks, Museums and Material Culture     273
Transnationalism, Globalisation and Beyond     280
Anthropology for the Future     280
People on the Move and Transnational Connections     281
Globalisation of Business, Objects and Ideas     283
New Themes and Methods for Anthropology     289
The Value of Anthropology in our Future World     294
Map of Peoples and Places Mentioned in this Book     302
Glossary     304
Index     310
Index of Authors and Film Makers     310
Index of Peoples and Places     314
General Index     318

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

“A thoroughgoing introduction for the intelligent reader—written in a highly accessible style, with plenty of excellent examples and clear, sound argumentation. Hendry has done an outstanding job of laying out her vision of the important theoretical positions in cultural and social anthropology, while also telling us about their weaknesses. Her book is not merely a copy of earlier efforts of a similar sort but represents some careful, productive, and highly intelligent rethinking of the priorities.”
-Michael Herzfeld ,Harvard University

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